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Our New 



England Ancestors 



and their 



Descendants 



1 620 - 1 900 



Historical, Genealogical, Biographical 



Compiled by 

Henry Whittemore 

Author of the Genealogical Guide to the Early Settlers 

of America and other works. 



New England Ancestral Publishing Co. 

New York, 1900 



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APR 1 1 1901 

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Preface. 



GREAT credit is due to the New England Society for its efforts to perpetuate and keep 
alive the memory of our New England ancestors ; but it is a duty equally incumbent 
on those of the present generation to preserve in permanent form for the use of pos- 
terity the genealogical records and personal achievements of our ancestors, and to show what 
part each generation bore in the construction and defense of our Colonies and later of our 
American Republic. 

The design of the present work is to afford all who are so disposed I o preserve in per- 
manent form their line of ancestry as well as the personal achievements of their ancestors. As 
a foundation of the work an outline history of the Plymouth Colony is given together with 
four generations of the Bradford and Allied Families. Whether of Mayflower descent or not, 
every descendant of a New England family will be entitled to representation in the work, 
and no pains will be spared to make the record of each complete. Ample space will be allowed 
those who are willing to bear their pro rata of the expense. Illustrations of old homesteads, 
family portraits and relics will form an important feature of this work. Each family record 
with all the preceding matter will be published as last as received, and parties may procure at 
a moderate price as many copies as they desire. 



\ 



Copyright, 1900. 



\ 






FOEMATION OF THE PILGEIM COLONY. 



The movement which led to the formation of the Pilgrim Church began in the Manor 
Hoase at Scrooby, about 1605-(3, under therainistrationsof Richard Clyf ton and John Rob- 
inson, and in the winter of 1607-8 an unsuccessful attempt was made by the members to 
reach Holland from Boston, in Lincolnshire. During the spring of 1608, they succeeded 
in making their escape and reached Amsterdam in safety. Among the names of those 
mentioned as being associated with William Bradford at this time or soon after were El- 
der William Brewster, William White, Isaac AUerton, Samuel Fuller, John Carver, Miles 
Standish, Stephen Tracy and a few others. Davis in his *' Ancient Landmarks of Ply- 
mouth " says: ** It is fair to presume that the Pilgrim community in Ley den was made up 
of members representing all the different classes of English life, outside of the circles of 
noble families, bound together by a common religious faith regardless of those differences 
in education' and culture and social standing, which were insignificant indeed in compari- 
son with their real bond of union. It was doubtless this disregard of social distinctions, 
foi^ced oh them by the niecessities of their situation, which planted in their hearts that 
deinocratic seed, which at a later day germinated and grew in the soil of New England. 
It was the life of labor, too, led by them in Holland, which hardened their hanjis for the 
duties and hardships of a life in the wilderness, and which developed in their natures 
those capacities for practical, economical and thrifty work, without which their attempt 
at colonization would have been a failure." 

Departure for America. . . 

• • 

By the 11th of June everything was in readiness. Those of the Leyden company who 
were going to New England had sold their estates, putting their money into the common 
stock; the agents of the company in England had hired the Speedwell of sixty tons, and 
sent her to Delfthaven, to convey the colonists to Southampton, and the Mayflower of one 
himdred and eighty tons, had been engaged to meet them at that place, and join her con- 
sort for the voyage. " On the 31st of July " says Bradford " they left the goodly and 
pleasant citie which had been their resting place near 12 years; but they knew they were 
pilgrimes, and looked not much on those things, but lift up their eyes to the heaven, their 
dearest countrie and quieted their spirits." On or about the first of August 1620, they 
set sail in the Speedwell from Delfthaven, and on the 15th both the Mayflower and Speed- 
well, with one hundred and twenty passengers on board some of whom were for the first 
time joining the company, sailed from Southampton. On the 23rd they put into Dart- 
mouth, with the Speedwell leaking, and on the 31st sailed again. Further disaster to the 
Speedwell obliged a return to Plymouth, where the Speedwell was abandoned, and 
eighteen passengers, including Robert Cushman, gave up the voyage. On the 10th of 
September, a final departure from Plymouth took place and on the 21st of November, 



4 THE SIGNERS OP THE MAYPLOWEB COMPACT AND THEIB DESCENDANTS. 

after a passage of sixty-six days, the Mayflower dropped anchor in Cape Cod harbor. 
*' Like the down of the thistle they were wafted across the sea, and the seed they bore of 
popular government and reUgious freedom was planted on these western shores." 

On the eleventh day of December (old style), the exploring party of Pilgrims who had 
left their ship, the Mayflower, in Cape Cod harbor, landed at Plymouth where they found 
" a place (as they supposed) fitt for the situation; at least it was ye best they could find and 
and ye season and their presente necessities made them glad to accept of it. So they re- 
turned to their shippe again with this news to ye rest of their people, which did much com- 
forte their harts." 

On the 26th of December the Mayflower dropped her anchor in the harbor of Plymouth. 

Landing of the Pilgbims. 

(SsB FBONnsmoB.) 

When the Pilgrims landed at Plymouth they were not only outside of the limits of their 
patent, on a territory of a company from which they had received no grant, but they had 
settled themselves where the natives of the soil might dispute their right of occupation. 
They exercised tact, wisdom and good judgment in their dealings with the natives and 
thus secured their friendship. *' By the gift from Massasoit," says Davis, ** the Pilgrims, 
without charter from the King, or patent from the Northern Virginia Company, obtained a 
foothold and possession, which under a charter or patent alone would have been usurpa- 
tion and robbery." A patent, however, was necessary to establish their rightful claim, 
and the Mayflower carried the news to England of the place of their landing, as well as an 
application to the Northern Virginia Company, for a suitable grant. After the Pilgrims 
sailed from England, the Northern or Plymouth Company secured a new charter from the 
King, dated the 5th of November 1620. 

The first civil act of the Pilgrims after their arrival in Cape Cod Harbor, was to draw 
up a compact or " combination," as it is called by Bradford, which was signed by the 
male members of the company, and became the foundation on which the structure of our 
government has been built. Under date of Nov. 21st, Mourt's Relation states that •* this 
day, before we came to harbour, observing some not well affected to unity and concord, 
but gave some appearances of faction, it was thought good there should be an association 
and agreement, that we should combine together in one body, and to submit to such gov- 
emment and governor as we should, by common consent, agree to make and choose, and 
set our hands to this that follows, word lor word." 

THE MAYFLOWER COMPACT. 

On the 11th day of November, 1620 (old style), there was drawn on the lid of a chest on 
board of the Mayflower, at Cape-Codd, and signed by forty-one of the principal men of 
the first band of Pilgrims, a platform of government known as the Compact, and which 
gave to these people the claim of being the first •' Signers " of this important instrument. 

The following is the full text of the Compact: 



GOV. BBADFOBD HIS DESCENDANTS AND ALLIED FA^LIES. 

IN YE NAME^ OF GOD, AMEN. 

We whofe names are underwritten, the loyal fubjects of our dread fovereigne 
Lord, King; James, by ye grace of Great Britaine, France and Ireland, King, de- 
fender of ye faith, etc., having undertaken for ye glory of God and advancement 
of ye Christian faith, and honour of our King and countrie, a voyage to plant 
ye firft Colonie in ye Northern e parts of Viginia, doe by thefe prefents folemn- 
ly, and mutualy, in ye prefence of God, and of one another, covenant and com- 
bine ourfelves togeather into a civil body politik for our better ordering and 
prefervation and furtherance of ye end aforefaid, and by vertue hearof to en- 
acte, conftitute and frame fuch juft and equal lawes, ordinances, conftittu- 
tions and offices from time to time, as fhall be thought moft meete and con- 
venient for ye generall good of ye Colonie, unto which we promife all due fub- 
miffion and obedience. In witnes whereof we have hereunder fubfcribed our 
names at Cape-Codd ye ii of November, in ye year of ye raigne of our fovereigne 
Lord, King James of England, France and Ireland, ye eighteenth, and of Scot- 
land ye fiftie-fourth, Ano Dom, 1620. 

Edward Tilley, 
John Tilley, 
Francis Cooke, 
Thomas Rogers, 
Thomas Tinker, 
John Rigdale, 
Edward Fuller, 
John Turner, 
Francis Eaton, 

AMES Chilton, 

OHN Crackston, 

OHN BiLLINGTON, 

MosES Fletcher, 
John Goodman, 

On the same day John Carver was confirmed in the oflSce of Governor. He had already- 
been chosen Governor on board the Mayflower, and his confirmation was doubtless a 
mere form rendered necessary by the adoption of a constitution of government under 
which his oflScial duties were to be performed. " In the cabin of the Mayflower, then" 
says Davis, ** not only was the foundation stone of republican institutions on this contin- 
ent laid, but the first New England town-meeting was held and the first elective oflScers 
chosen by the will of a majority.'* On tbe 27th of February the first recorded meeting on 
land was held in the common house ** for appointing military orders," and Miles Standish 
was chosen captain. 

THE BRADFORD FAMILY OF ENGLAND. 



I. 


John Carver. 


15. 


2. 


Wp^LiAM Bradford, 


•16. 


3- 


Edward Winslow, 


17. 


4. 


William Brewster, 


18. 


5. 


Isaac Allerton, 


19- 


6. 


Myles Standish* 


20. 


7- 


John Alden, 


21. 


8. 


Samuel Fuller, 


22. 


9. 


Christopher Martin, 


23. 


10. 


William Mullins, 


24. 


II. 


William White, 


25. 


12. 


Richard Warren, 


26. 


13- 


John Rowland, 


27. 


14. 


Stephen Hopkins, » 


28. 



29. 


Deoory Priest, 


30. 


Thomas Williams, 


31. 


GiLBEKT Winslow, 


32, 


Edmund Margeson, 


33- 


Peeer Brown, 


34. 


Richard Britteridge» 


35' 


George Soule, 


36. 


Richard Clarke, 


Z7' 


Richard Gardiner, 


38. 


John Allerton, 


39. 


Thomas English," 


40. 


Edward Eotey, 


41. 


Eeward Lister. 



The name of Bradford is derived from the Saxon Bradenford or Broad-ford and is very 
ancient. Two towns of considerable size in England are known by this name : one in 
Wiltshire, near Bath, the other in Yorkshire, near Leeds. 

One of the first martyrs who perished at the stake in ** Bloody Queen Mary's" term 



6 THE SIGNERS OP THE MAYFLOWER COMPACT AND THEIR DESCENDANTS. 

was John Bradford, prebend of St. Paul's, and a celebrated preacher. He was born ut 
Manchester in Lancashire about 1510 ; was committed to prison, Aug. IG, 1553, where he 
remained until his death. The following account is from Baker's Chronicle : 

*' April 24, 1557, Thomas Stafford second son of Lord Stafford, with two and tnirty per- 
sons (English fugitives, set on by the French King), came from France with the intention 
of subverting the government of the detested Queen Mary. They attacked and took 
Scarborough Castle, in Yorkshire, but were driven out and conciuercd within two days, 
by the Earl of Westmoreland. Stafford was beheaded on Tower Hill, May 28, 1557, and 
the next day Bradford and two other of his associates were executed at Tyburn. 

The early, energetic, and persevering opposition to eacridotal in- 
tolerance exhibited by Governor Bradford, the founder ol the New 
England family of this name, would seem to indicate bim as a 
worthy descendant of the martyr's immediate family, and that he 
was so is rendered more probable from the fact that the town of 
Bradford, in Yorkshire, Manchester, the birthplace of the martyr, 
and Austerfleld where Gov. Bradford was born thirty-three years 
after the martyr's death, are all in the North of England and near 
each other. 
The Bradford family have Arms — Argent on a fesso sable three 
Srabfarit stags' heads erased or. Crest — A stag's head erased or. 

William Bradford (1) lived at Austerfleld about 1575, at which 
time he and John Hanson were the only subsidiaries there ; Bradford being taxed on 
twenty shillings of land and Hanson at twenty shillings goods, annual value. He died 
in 1596, leaving issue. 

1. William Bradford {2) who married Alice, daughter of John Hanson. He died July 
12th, 1591. This William was the father of Governor William Bradford. 

2. Thomas Bradford, of whom no record appears except that he had a daughter Mar- 
garet, baptized March 9, 1578. 

3. Robert Bradford, baptized June 25, 15G1, married Alice Wingate, Jan. 3, 1585. 

4. Elizabeth Bradford, baptized July 10, 1570, married Janet Hill, Jan. 20, 1596. 
William Bradford (2) who married Alice Hanson, had : 

1. Margaret, born March 3, 1585, died young. 

2. ' Alice, born Oct. 30, ISf^?. 

3. Wilbam, the Pilgrim, born March, 1589, 

THE BEADFORD AND ALLIED FAMILIES OF AMERICA. 

60V€RnOR WlfiCWm mntfOVttt. son of William and Alice (Hanson) Bradford, was born 
in Austerfleld, England, March, 1588. His father died in 1591, tmd the infant child was 
then received into the home of his grandfather the flrst William Bradford mentioned in 
this line. After the death of the latter in 1590, he was adopted into tlio family of his 
uncle, Robert Bradford, who resided in the little village of Scrooby, two miles from Aus- 
terfleld, and near the estate of the Brewsters. A church was established on the Scrooby 



GOV. BBADFORD HIS DESCENDANTS AND ALLIED FAMILIES. 7 

Manor by William Brewster as early as 1606. Young Bradford was deeply impressed 
with the preaching of Rev. Richard Clifton and Rev. John Robinson, and united with the 
church, and was soon numbered with the "Separatists" and became a leader among 
them. By this course he incurred the enmity and open hostility of his relatives and 
neighbors. The company being threatened with persecution resolved to emigrate to Hol- 
land. In the autumn of 1607 Bradford and the other principal members of the Society 
made an agreement with a Dutch captain to embark at Boston, but he betrayed them to 
the magistrates, who committed some of them to prison and sent the rest to their homes. 
After several months of confinement Bradford escaped in the spring of 1608, and found 
his companions in Amsterdam, where he apprenticed himself to a silk weaver, a French 
Protestant. When he came of age he sold his land in England which he inherited from 
his father, and engaged in business on his own account, but for lack of experience he did 
not succeed and met with considerable loss. Removing with the rest of the company to 
Leyden, about 1609, he was eager and active in promoting the scheme of emigrating to an 
English colony. A patent was obtained for a tract of land in Virginia with the assistance 
of Sir Edward Sandys, then treasurer of that colony. It was important, however, in a 
great undertaking of this character that he should provide himself with a 'helpmeet'. He 
had learned the trade of fustian or frieze weaving, " and the announcement according to 
custom event" was made November 15,1613, that William Bretfoort, f astian worker, a young 
man from Osterfeldt, England was affianced to Dorothy May, from Wetzbutz (Wesbeach) 
Cambridge, England. The bans were published in Leyden, but the marriage took place 
elsewhere, as on Dec. 9, 1613, William Brethfoort, aged 23 years, was married to Dorothy 
May, aged 16 years, in Amsterdam, Holland. 

On Sept. 5, 1620, Bradford embarked at Southampton in the Mayflower, with the first 
hundred pilgrims that left for America. Obliged by stress of weather to put in at Ply- 
mouth harbor they signed a compact of government before landing according to which, 
John Carver, the first signer became Governor. 

While engaged in the preparations for a final landing, the first great sorrow visited this 
little band of Pilgrims. During the absence of Bradford on one of his expeditions around 
the harbor of Cape Cod, his wife Dorothy fell overboard from the vessel and was drowned. 
After the days of mourning were over he resumed his duties and the following year Gov- 
ernor Carver died and on April 21, 1621, William Bradford was elected to succeed him 
and was continued in the office each year thereafter by the suffrage of the colonists. 
His authority was restricted at his own request in 1624 by a council of five and in 1633, 
by one of seven members. In the council he had a double vote. One of his first acts on 
assuming the duties of office was to send an embassy in July, 1621, to confirm the league 
entered into with the Indian Sachem Massasoit, the most influential and powerful of the 
native chiefs. His friendly relations with the Indians, who had known the English only 
as kidnappers were essential to the continued existence of the colony and its future pros- 
perity. He understood the nature and character of the Indians and exhibited the combi- 
nation of firmness and energy with patience and gentleness, that proved successful with 
the wily savage and prevented much bloodshed during the early years of the settlement. 
In 1622, Canonicus, Sachem of the Narragansetts, sent him a challenge in the form of a 



8 THE SIGNEB8 OF THE MAYFLOWER COMPACT AND THEIB DESCENDANTS. 

snakeskin of arrows. The Governor immediately returned the snakeskin filled with 
powder and shot. The sachem recognized the superiority of the pale face's equipments 
and immediately sued for peace. 

From the beginning the colonists placed implicit confidence in Governor Bradford as a 
leader, but owing to his precarious health William AUerton was given him as an assistant. 
In 1623 the emigrants were reduced to famine, owing partly to the communistic system 
adopted at first and partly to the arrival of new comers without provisions, and Governor 
Bradford made several excursions among the Indians from whom he procured corn and 
beans and thus relieved the immediate wants of the colonists. 

The fur-trading colony adjoining the Plymouth plantation in Boston harbor, provoked 
by their oppressions, a conspiracy among the Indians to exterminate all the English, 
which was revealed by Massasoit, and, on the advice of that chief. Miles Standish was 
sent by the Governor to put the ringleaders to death. 

In 1624 the English adventurers who had supplied the capital for the establishment of 
the colony, relying on the profits of the fur-trade for their returns, were bought out, and 
eight of the most enterprising emigrants for a six years' monopoly of the trade assumed 
all the obligations of the colony. 

In 1629 a patent was obtained from the New England Council — a band of English noble- 
men who in 1620 received from King James absolute title to the property in the colony, 
lying between 40 and 48 degrees of north latitude.— conferring upon William Bradford, his 
heirs and associates and assigns the title to the land on which Plymouth plantation was 
situated. 

In 1624 the Governor and his Assistants were constituted a judicial court and afterwards 
the supreme tribunal of the colony ; in 1629, legislation, in which up to that time all the 
freemen took part, was vested in a General Court to which all of the towns sent represen- 
tatives, and in 1640, at the request of the General Court, Governor Bradford conveyed to 
it the title of the colony, reserving to himself only his proportion as a settler previously 
agreed upon. For one period of two and one of three years he declined re-election as 
Governor, but was returned to the office every other year until his death. He took a 
prominent part in all the councils which were held at his house, and in all the affairs, 
civil, political and military ; from his house at the foot of Burial Hill, each Sabbath morn- 
ing the little company of worshippers, who all assembled there, marched in procession to 
the place of meeting. 

Governor Bradford possessed a higher degree of literary culture than was usual among 
persons similarly circumstanced. He had some acquaintance with Latin and Greek and 
also with Hebrew : was well read in history, philosophy, etc. and much of his time was 
spent in literary work. •' A Diary of Occurrences " covering the first year of the colony 
from the landmg at Cape Cod, Nov. 9, 1620, till Dec. 18, 1621, was written by him in con- 
junction with Edward Winslow (London 1620). The manuscript of his principal work, 
The History of Plymouth Colony was lost for many years, but in 1846 was found in the 
library of the Bishop of London, at Fulham. Upon the petition of the United States 
Ambassador the Consistory Court of the Diocese of London, sitting at St. Paul's, March 
25, 1897, ordered that the manuscript be delivered for transmission to the Commonwealth 



GOV. BRADFOKD HIS DESCENDANTS AND ALLIED FAMILIES. 9 

of Massachusetts. Ambassador Bayard, in whose custody it was placed, delivered it to 
the Governor of Massachusetts, May 26, 1897. This contains much additional and inter- 
esting data concerning the early history of the colony. 

Governor Bradford married, 1st, Dorothy May, of Amsterdam, Holland, Nov. 30, 1615. 
She was born in Wiesbach, England, 1597 ; drowned in Cape Cod, Dec. 7, 1620. The only 
child of this marriage was: 

John, born in Holland, married Martha, daughter of Thomas Bourne, of Marshfield, 
Mass., 1653, removed to Norwich, Conn, and died there without issue, 1676. 

Governor Bradford married, 2d, Alice, daughter of Alexander Carpenter of Wrentham, 
England, and widow of Edward Southworth. She died 1675. 

In his will dated May 9, 1657, Governor Bradford makes special mention of his wife as 
follows : 

'• My further will is that my dear and loving wife Alice Bradford, shall be the sole exe- 
qutrix of my estate, and for her future maintenance my will is that my stake in the Ken- 
ebecke trade bee reserved for her comfortable subsistence as far as it will extend, and soe 
further in any such way as may be judged best for her." 

**I further request and appoint my much beloved Christian friends, Mr. Thomas Prince, 
Capt. Thomas Willet and Lief tenant Thomas Southworth to be the suppervissors of the 
desposing of my estate according to the promises, confiding much in their faithfullness." 

The issue of the marriage of Gov. Bradford and Alice Carpenter-South worth was : 

I. William born June 17, 1624, married, 1st, Alice Richards, 1654, 2d, Widow Wis wall, 
3d, widow Holmes. 

II. Mercy, married Benjamin Vermages of Boston, June 15, 1648, lived in Plymouth. 

III. Joseph, born 1630, married Jael, daughter of Rev. Peter Hobart of Hingham, Mass., 
May 25, 1664. He died July 10, 1715. 

SECOND GENERATION. 

30l>n BRilD|^ORD» only child of Gov. William and Dorothy (May) Bradford no 
issue, did not come to this country with his parents in the Mayflower and the date 
of his arrival- is not known. He was of Duxbury 1645, and of Marshfield, Mass. 1653. 
He was deputy to the General Court from both places and was also a Lieutenant. He 
married Martha, daughter of Thomas and Martha Bourne, of Marshfield, Mass., and in 
1653 removed to Norwich, Conn. He was a townsman of Norwich in 1671, but his name 
seldom appears on the records. His farm in Duxbury was sold by "John Bradford, gen- 
tleman '* to Christopher Wadsworth in 1664. His will was exhibited at the County Court 
in Norwich, Conn., Sep. 1676. His widow married, after a short interim, Lieut. Thomas 
Tracy, of Norwich. John Bradford left no issue. 



10 THE SIGNERS OF THE MAYFLOWER COMPACT AND THEIR DESCENDANTS. 

SECOND GENERA TION. 

mii30R wicuiim brjidi^ord. 

Eldest Son of Governor William Bradford, by His Second Wife Mrs. Alice South- 
worth, NEE Carpenter. 

Major William Bradford was born June 17, 1624. He resided at Stony Brook (Kingston), 
probably in the same house that had belonged to his father, and the location can be easily 
traced at the present time. One tree of the old apple orchard that he planted A^as still re- 
maining as a land mark in 1876. He was next to Miles Standish the chief military man 
of the colony and bore the rank of Major. In 1662. when Wamsutta or Alexander, the 
successor of Massasoit was suspected of designs against the English, he was with Major 
Winslow when the chieftain was suprised and taken prisoner. The next eventful period 
of his life was during 1675-6. He was chief in command of the forces from Plymouth in 
the great Narragansett Fort Fight when the attack was made on King Philip's stronghold. 
In that desperate midwinter encounter both parties fought for their very existence when 
nearly a thousand Indians fell a sacrifice, and of the attacking force eighty were killed 
and one hundred and fifty wounded. During the engagement Major Bradford received a 
musket ball in his flesh which he carried the remainder of his life. 

He was Assistant Treasurer and Deputy Governor of Plymouth from 1682 to 1686, 
and from 1689 to 1691, when the colonial government terminated. He was a member of 
Sir Edmund Andrew's Council 1687 to 1688. He was afterwards chosen a councillor of 
Massachusetts. In the year 1689 he is styled by the people of Rehoboth as the Worship- 
ful Major Bradford. " It has been thought by some that this title might have been given 
him m connection with the Masonic Fraternity but there is no evidence of the existence 
of any Masonic Lodge in this country earlier than 1730-3. 

Major Bradford's estate comprised the whole of the present village of Stony Brook, 
north of the brook, extending to the bounds of Duxbury, besides tracts of land in other 
parts of the town. All that portion first, mentioned was bequeathed to his four younger 
sons, Israel, Ephraim, David and Hezekiah. 

A large inheritance from his father is described on the records under date of June 1, 
1663. "Whereas there was a grant by the Court of an addition of land unto Mr. William 
Bradford Sen. as appears upon record which was not layed out nor bounded in his lifetime; 
and whereas Captaine William Bradford the son of Mr. William Bradford Sen., did make 
request unto the Court that the same might bee performed, the Court held at Plymouth 
on the third of October 1662 did appoint Mr. William Colly eare and Mr. John Alden, 
Assistants, to view and bound an addition adjoyningunto the lands which the said Wil- 
liam Bradford possesseth. Now wee, the above named Assistants, have this twenty eth of 
May 1663, viewed and bounded as followeth: on the northeast from a small rundelett that 
runneth downe to a place commonly called the Tussukes [now called Tussock Brook] and 
so to range alonge northerly by Plymouth bounds next the bounds of Duxburrow and so 



GOV. BRADFORD HIS DESCENDANTS AND ALLIED FAMILIES. 11 

as to the brooke that runes into black waters to the place where the old path went to the 
bay. So ranging downe the brooke a mile in length." 

William Collyeare 
John Alden 

Major Bradford died Feb. 20. 1704 and was buried by the side of his father on the 
ancient burial hill at Plymouth. On his tombstone is the following inscription: 

Here Lyes the Body 

of the 

Honourable Major William Bradford 

who 

Expired February ye 20^ 1703-4 

aged 79 years. 

He lived long, but still was doing good 

And in his country's service lost much blood 
After a life well spent he's now at rest 
His very name and memory is blest " 

•'Major William Bradford in his will gives to David his house after his mother's decease; 
to John the land he then lived on; and also "my father's manuscripts, being a narrative of 
the beginning of New Plymouth; to Thomas, land in Norwich (which was his uncle John's); 
to Joseph, land at Norwich; to Samuel his right of commons in the Duxbury; to Israel 
Ephraim, David and Hezekiah, his estate; enjoining upon them to sell it to none that do 
not bear the name of Bradford, and be not descended from him; to Israel, a house ;to David, 
a silver bowl; not to be alienated from the family of Bradford; to Hezekiah, a gold ring;" 
to Samuel, his Latin books; ''to encourage him in bringing one of his sons to learning,which 
said books it is my will, that they shall by him be given to his said son whom he shall so 
bring up" 

He married 1st, Alice,daughter of Thomas Richards of Weymouth. 

CI)Otna$ RiCftardS 1630, came it is supposed in the Mary and John, with sons James and 
John to Weymouth, Mass. He was made freeman May 13, 1640, and died soon after Dec. 
17, 1650. His will,niadeatHullon that day, proved Jan. 28th following, names sons John 
James, Samuel, Joseph and Benjamin, calling the last two minors; and daughters Mary, 
Ann, Alice and Hannah; the latter died 10th,Nov. following. His widow Wilthian, mother 
of these children, in her will of July 1679, proved November following, mentions only James 
John and Ann, widow of Ephraim Hunt, as then living; Mary married 1st Dec. 1641. 
Thomas Hinckley of Barnstable, afterwards Governor of that Colony, and died June 24, 
1659; Alice, married Major William Bradford (2), Deputy Governor of the same Colony. 

Alice Richards the first wife of Major William Bradford died 12th Dec. 1671, He mar- 



12 THE SIGNEKS OP THE MAYFLOWEK COMPAOT AND THEIR DESCENDANTS. 

ried 2d Widow Wiswall ; married 3d Mrs. Mary, widow of Rev. John Holmes, second 

minister of Duxbury,who died Jan. 6,1714. She was the daughter of John Atwood of Ply- 
mouth son of Stephen Atwood and Abigail Dunham, daughter of John Dunham, of Ply- 
mouth. The Atwood homestead stood near the spot where the exploring party of the 
Pilgrims had their first encounter with the Indians, before landing at Plymouth. 

• 

Children op. Major William Bradford. 

Major William Bradford by his wife Alice (Richards)Bradford had issue : 

I. John born Feb. 20, 1653; died Dec 8, 1736; married Feb. 5, 1674 Mercy, daughter 
of Joseph Warren. 

II. William born March 11, 1655: died 1687;married Rebecca Bartlettof Duxbury Mass. 

III. Thomas born about 1657, died 1708, married Anna, daughter of Nehemiah Smith of 
Norwich, Conn. ; settled in Canterbury, Windham County, Conn. 

IV. Alice born about 1659; died 1745; married 1st Rev. William Adams of Dedham, 
Mass., born March 29, 16W); married 2d Major James Fitch, of Norwich, Conn. 

V. Mebcy born 1660; married Sep. 16, 1680 to Samuel Steel of Hartford, Conn. 

VI. Hannah, born May 9, 1662 ; died May 28, 1738 ; married Nov. 28, 1682, Joshua Ripley 
of Hingham, Mass. 

VII. Melatiah born about 1664; married to John Steel of Norwich, Conn. 

VIII. Samuel born 1668 died April 11, 1714; married Hannah daughter of John and 
Elizabeth Rogers of Duxbury Mass. 

IX. Mary born about 1669; married to William Hunt of Weymouth, Mass. 

X. Saeah born about 1672; married to Kenelm Baker, of Marshfield, Mass. 

Major William Bradford married 2d, widow Wiswall. Their only child was 

XI. Joseph born 1675; died January 16, 1747; married Anna, daughter of Rev. James 
Fitch, of Norwich, Conn. Oct. 5. 1698; lived in Lebanon, Conn, and in New London. 

Major William Bradford married 3d, Mary, daughter of John Atwood, and widow of 
Rev. John Holmes; she died June 6, 1714. Theyliad issue : 

XII. Israel born 1683; married Sarah Baitlett of Duxbury, daughter of Benjamin (2) 
son of Benjamin (1) son of Robert. 

XIII. Epheaim born about 1685; married Feb. 13. 1711, Elizabeth Bartlett. 

XIV. David, born about 1690; died March 16 1730; married Elizabeth Finney or 
Phinney. 

XV. Hezekiah born about 1692; died Feb. 20, 1704 married Mary Chandler of Duxbury 
Mass. 

Tir/I^jD GENERATION. 

Line of Majob William Beadfobd eldest son of Governob William Bbadfobd by his 

SECOND WIFE MbS. AlICE SoUTHWOBTH NEE CaBPENTEB. 

1 mil30R 30l>n BRilDI^ORD. eldest son of Major WiUiam and Alice (Richards) Brad- 
ford, was born Feb. 20, 1653, died Dec. 8, 1736. He lived at the house, still in existence. 



GOV. BBADFOBD HIS DESCENDANTS AND ALLIED FAMILIES. 13 

near the railroad at the landing. ' This house was partially burned by the Indians during 
Philip's War. The account of the affair states that •• Major Bradford had removed to 
the guard -house, and was returning in company with others to take some goods away 
when he discovered his house to be on fire, and saw an Indian on the brow of Abram's 
Hill, waving his blanket and shouting to his comrades that the white men were coming. 
They fled into a dense swamp by the frog pond at the base of the hill and were pursued 
by the Major, who fired at them, killing one as he supposed, having seen him fall, 
but on reaching the spot was surprised at not finding the body. Subsequent events 
showed that the Indian was only wounded — severely — and was able to crawl behind a log 
of fallen wood, and thus escaped notice. After the war was over the affair was explained 
to Major Bradford by the Indian, and the marks of the wound in his side were shown." 

Major Bradford held many positions of trust and responsibility in the colony. He was 
a deputy to the General Court from 1689 to 1691. He was the first representative to the 
General Court of Massachusetts from Plymouth. He was the principal founder of the 
new town (Kingston) and a promoter of its interests by gifts of land for public purposes. 

The General Court passed an Act in November 1717, setting off the north part of Ply- 
mouth, with a small portion of Plympton and Pembroke as a precinct or parish. 

By order of the General Court, Major Bradford issued on the 12th of August, 1720, the 
first warrant for a town meeting to be held on the 29th of the same month and at that 
meeting he was elected Moderator. He deeded the land for the church and on June 15, 
1721, he deeded a lot of land to the minister on which was soon erected the parsonage 
house. 

He married Feb. 6, 1674, Mercy Warren, daughter of Joseph Warren, with whom he 
lived 62 years. Joseph was the son of Richard Warren, twelfth signer of the Mayflower 
Compact, t 

The ancestry of the Warren family has been traced by English writers to a Norman 
baron of Danish extraction. The Normans and Danes were united in their efforts to make 
a settlement in the northern part of France, and ultimately succeeded in obtaining a foot- 
ing in that part of the country of which from the former took the name of Normandy. 
One of these barons became connected by marriage with other distinguished families, 
among whom was a Danish Knight who ** had Grennora, Herfastus, Wevia, Werina,Dave- 
lina and Sainfra. 

•* Of these, Grennora married Eichard, Duke of Normandy, who had Richard, the father 
also of Richard, who, dying without issue, was succeeded in the dukedom by his brother 
Robert, the father of King Wilham the Conqueror, who, by Maud, daughter of Baldwin, 
Earl of Flanders, had Robert Duke of Normandy, Richard, Duke of Bernay , in Normandy, 
William King of England, and several daughters, one of whom named Gundred, was 
married to William the first Earl of Warren and Surrey." 

Richard Warren, the Plymouth Father, is of the same line of English ancestry as Peter 
Warren, the ancestor of Gen. Joseph Warren, who fell at Bunker Hill. Richard Warren 
came in the Mayflower 1620, leaving wife, Elizabeth, and five daughters to come on the 
third ship 1623. He died in 1628. His children were: 

Maby, who married 1628, Robert Bartleit. 



14 THE SIGNEKS OF THE MAYFLOWER COMPACT AND THEIR DESCENDANTS. 

Ann, married 19th April, 1633, Thomas Little. 

Sarah, married March 28th, 1634, John Cooke, Jr. 

Elizabeth, married 1636, Richard Church. 

Abigail, married 1639, Anthony Snow, of Marshfield. 

Nathaniel and Joseph. 

Joseph Warren, called in the Warren Genealogy, the oldest son of Richard, was held 
in high esteem. He was a representative by annual election 1681-6, and died in 1689. He 
married Priscilla, daughter of John Faunce, and sister of the famous Ruling Elder, 
Thomas Faunce. 

John Faunce, of Plymouth, came in the Ann, 1623, a young man. He married, 1633, 
Patience, daughter of George Morton, and had children, Priscilla, who married Joseph 
Warren; Mary, married July 15, 1658, William Harlow; Patience, married Nov. 20, 1661, 
John Holmes; Sarah, married Feb. 26, 1663, Edward Dotey; Thomas, born 1647; Elizabeth, 
1648; Mercy, born 1657, married Nathaniel Holmes; John, Joseph. 

Children of Major John Bradford. 

Major John Bradford, by his wife, Mercy Warren, Bradford had issue: 
I. John, born Dec. 25, 1675, married Rebecca Bartlett, of Duxbury. 
n. Alice, born June 28, 1677, married 1st, Edward Mitchell, Aug. 26, 1708; married 2d, 
John Hersey, of Hingham. 

III. Abigail, born Dec. 10, 1679, married Gideon Sampson. 

IV. Mercy, born Dec. 20, 1681, married 1st, Jonathan Freeman, of Harwich, Mass.; 2d, 
Lieut. Isaac Cushman, Jr., of Plympton. 

V. Samuel, born Dec. 23d, 1683, died March 26, 1740. He married Oct. 21, 1714; Sarah 
Gray, daughter of Edward Gray of Trenton, son of Edward Gray, of Plymouth. 

VI. Priscilla, born March 10, 1686, married Seih Chipman. 

VII. William (4), born April 15, 1688, married Hannah, daughter of Dea John Foster. 
Alter his death she married George Partridge, of Duxbury, and had one son, Hon. George 
Partridge. 

ti///^d genera tion. 

Line of Major Williaw Bradford, Eldest Son of Governor William Bradford by his 

Second Wife, Mrs. Alice Southworth nee Carpenter. 

II WI££IJIIR BRilOFORO* (3)* Second child of Major William and Alice (Richards) 
Bradford was born March 11, 1665. He resided in Kingston, Mass., and died there in 

1G87. - \ 
He married 1679, Rebecca Bartlett, of Duxbury, Mass., daughter of Benjamin, son of 

Robert Bartlett. 

This name was originally spelt Barttelot and the first of the family came to England 
with William the Conqueror, and seated himself at Ferring, county Sussex, and in the 
family pedigree is stated to have been buried at Stopham in 1100 where he had grants of 



GOV, BKADFORD HIS DESCENDANTS AND ALLIED FAMILIES. 15 

land. In the old Norman church at that place are marble slabs with inset figures of brass, 
showing a legular succession of Bartletts from John, deceased 1428, to the present time. 

The original coat armour of the Barttelot family was -4r7n5 — Sable, three sinister falcon- 
er's — gloves, argent, arranged triangularly, two above, one below, pendant, bands around 
the wrists and tassels, golden. 

These were the arms for some centuries. Near the close of the 15th century, one of 
the crests, the castle, was granted to John Barttelot, who, in command of the Sussex 
troops, captured the castle of Fontenoy in France. 

In the 16th century the swan crest was introduced to commemorate the right of the 
family to keep swans upon the river Arun, a right granted by William the Conqueror. 

Various quarterings have since been added through the allied families of the Bartletts. 
The Gloucestershire branch, probably at a much later period were given Arms— Quarter- 
ly, per fesse indented argent and gules four crescents counter changed. 

Robert BartlCttt the Plymouth ancestor, was born at Gloucestershire, England, about 
1606 and came to New England in 1623 in the Ann, the third ship which left the old 
country for Plymouth. He was the progenitor of W. I. Ashmead Bartlett, who mar- 
ried the Baroness Burdett Coutts. 

Robert Bartlett was a prosperous farmer and settled in and around what was subse- 
quently known as the Warren farm, near the '* Pine Hills," in a district called Earl River, 
Plymouth, Mass, and he probably owned the whole domain of the second parish of Ply- 
mouth, called Manomet Ponds, and gave it to one of bis sons. The old colony records 
contain his nuncupative will dated Sept. 19, 1696, and an inventory of his estate of the 
same date, which was also the year of his death. He married Mary, daughter of Richabd 
Warren, of the Mayflower, twelfth signer of the Compact. 

Robert Bartlett by his wife Mary (Warren) Bartlett had issue Joseph and Benjamin. 

Bctljantill Bartletts the second son of Robert and Mary (Warren) Bartlett, was born 
about 1633, died 1691. He was a man of some means for those days. He had a farm 
valued at £140 and other property amounting to £250. He married Sarah Brewster 
(born about 1635), daughter of Love Brewster, who came with his father Elder William 
Brewster m the Mayflower. 

€Wcr William BrCIDStCr, was bom in England 1559-60. He was the son of William 
Brewster, who was appointed by Archbishop Sandys in January 1575-6, receiver of 
Scrooby and all its liberties in Nottinghamshire, and also baliff" of the Manor House, to 
hold both offices for life. 

The Essex family of Brewsters,. one of considerable antiquity bore Arms. — Azure a 
chevron ermine between three estoiles argent. Elder William Brewster was matriculated 
at Peterhouse College, Cambridge University, Dec. 3, 1580. After leaving the University 
he entered into the service of William Davison, Queen Elizabeth's ambassador to Scot- 
land and Holland, who found him so capable and faithful that he reposed the utmost con- 
fidence in him. While negotiating with the United Provinces, Davison entrusted him 
with the keys of Flushing; and theStates of Holland, in recognition of his merit, presented 
him with a golden chain. When, in 1587, Davison incurred the displeasure of the 
Queen, Brewster remained his steadfast friend. 



16 



THE 8IGNEBS OF THE MAYPLOWEB COMPACT AND THEIB DESCENDANTS. 




He held the office of Post of Scrooby from 1590 to 1607, succeeding his father. It was 
then an office under appointment from the government, and not. as afterwards, an employ- 

ment for the accommodation of the public. While holding 
his official position, he occupied the Manor House at Scrooby, 
which had been the residence of archbishops and royalty. In 
Sept. 1607 he resigned his office. 

Not agreeing with the forms of the Established Church he 
withdrew from its communion, and united with Rev. Richard 
Clifton and Rev. John Robinson. The newly formed Society 
met on the Sabbath at his house. 

During the year 1608 he removed with the Nonconformist 
Society to Leyden, Holland and was appointed Elder of 
the Independent Church then fully organized. While residing 
Brewster* jj^ Leyden, he engaged there with Thomas Brewer, in publishing 

ecclesiastical treatises. This publication enraged King James I, through whose in- 
fluence Brewer was imprisoned and Brewster's liberty was frequently imperilled. 
" He sailed in the Mayflower in 1620 and arriving at Plymouth, with the most 
submissive patience, bore the most trying hardships to which his old age was 
subjected, lived abstemiously, and after having been in his youth the companion 
of Ministers of State, the representative of his sovereign, familiar with the 
magnificence of courts, and the possessor of a fortune, sufficient not only for the com 
forts, but for the elegancies of life, this humble puritan labored steadily with his own 
hands in the field for daily subsistence. Yet he possessed that happy electricity of 
mind which could accommodate itself with cheerfulness to all circumstances ; destitute of 
meat, of fish and breads over his simple meal of clams, would he return thanks to the 
Lord, that he could •' suck of the abundance of the seas, and of treasures hid in the sand." 
He enjoyed a healthy old age, and was sick but one day, when he died April 16, 1644. 
" The good Elder fought as he prays, and although he would far rather convert an enemy 
than hurt one, he would not dream of allowmg him the first fire." 

He left a library of over 300 volumes, (valued at £43) of which 64 werp in the classic 
language. His whole estate was £150. He early removed to Duxbury, and settled in the 
neighborhood of Capt. Standish, and his house was afterwards occupied by his son Love. 
At his death his estate was divided among his two sons, who met after his funeral at Gov- 
ernor Bradford's in Plymouth, and in the presence of the Governor, Mr. Prence, Mr. 
Winslow and Capt. Standish, determined mutually on the division. 

Many years ago, on a piece of land which was originally included in the limits of his 
farm was found a small silver spoon bearing the initials J. B. 

A family tradition states that Elder Brewster planted on his farm the first apple tree in 
New England. At the time of the Revolution the original tree was gone; but there had 
sprung up from its roots another which was of alarge size and known as the "Brewster tree." 
His wife died in 1627. His children were: 



GOV. BRADFORD HIS DESCENDANTS AND ALLIED FAMILIES. 17 

I. Jonathan, born at Scrooby in Nottinghamshire, Aug. 12, 1598. 

II. Patience, born about 1600; came in the Ann, July 1623; died 1634; married Aug, 5. 
1624, Thomas Prince. 

III. Fear, born about 1603, came in the Ann 1623; died Dec. 12, 1684, married in 1627 
to Isaac AUerton, she being his second wife. 

IV. A child, died at Leydan, June 20, 1609. 

V. Love came in the Mayflower 1620, married May 15, 1634, Sarah, daughter of Wil- 
liam Collier of Duxbury, Mass. 

VI. Wrestling, came in the Mayflower, 1620; Bradford says he '* dyed a younge man 
unmarried.' Subsequent research shows that Wrestling Brewster lived in Portsmouth, 
N. H. ; married there and left children. The descendants maintain that he was the son of 
Elder William Brewster. 

Jonathan (1), settled in Duxbury, Mass.; was one of the prominent men in the for- 
mation of its settlement, and in the establishment of its church. He sometimes prac- 
ticed before the courts as an attorney, and is also styled gentleman. He received 
grants of land in Duxbury, and likewise a ferry, (employing Peter Meacock in its 
management). He was freciuently the town's deputy to the General Court. He re- 
moved to New London, Conn., and established by appointment a trading post on 
lands, purchased of Uncas, Chief of the Mohegans, and afterwards called Brewster's, 

Nick. He married Lucretia and had William, Mary, married John Turner, of 

Scituate, Nov. 12, 1645; Jonathan, born 1627; Benjamin, who removed to Norwich, 
then to New London, where he married Anna Dart in 1659, and had Anna, 1662; Jon- 
athan, 1664; Daniel, 1367; William, 1669; Benjamin, 1670. 
£00C BrCU)$tCr» fifth child and second son of Elder William Brewster, was admitted 
freeman 1636. He early removed to Duxbury and settled with his father by the bay 
side, and afterward sold the estate to Samuel Eaton. He married Sarah Collier, daughter 
of William Collier, one of the first settlers of Duxbury. The will of Love Brewster is 
dated Oct. 1, 1650. His children were: 

I. Sarae, married about 1600, Benjamin Bartlett, son of Robert and Mary (Warren) 
Bartlett. 
n. Nathaniel, the eldest son, lived in Duxbury, Mass., and died in 1676. He married 

Sarah but, as far as known, left no children. 

HI. William. 
IV. Wrestling. 

Benjamin Bartlett (1) married for his 2d wife Cecelia 1678, who died about 1691. 

His children were all by the first wife. 

Bctljantin Bartlett (2) son of Benjamin (1) and Sarah (Brewster) Bartlett, inherited his 
father's farm and lands at Rochester and a double portion of his property. He mar- 
ried Ruth, daughter of William Pabodie (or Peabody), son of John Pabodie. William 
Pabodie of Duxbury, born 1629, died Dec. 13, 1707, was a man much employed in public 
affairs, and of much respectability. He married Elizabeth Alden, Dec. 26, 1644, daugh- 
ter of John Alden, the Pilgrim, and Prescilla Mullens, his wife. 
By his wife Ruth Pabodie Benjamin Bartlett (3) had' 



18 THE SIGNERS OP THE MAYFLOWER COMPACT AND THEIR DESCENDANTS. 

1. Robert, born Dec. 6, 1679. 

2. Benjamin. 

3. Mercy, married to John Turner, of Scituate, Aug. 5, 1714. 

4. Pricilla, born January 1697; married to John Sampson, Dec. 31, 1718. 

5. Deborah, married to Josiah Thomas, Dec. 19, 1723. 

6. Ruth, married to John Murdock, Jr. 

7. Abigail born 1703, married to Hon. Gamaliel Bradford. 

8. Rebecca, born about 1705, married to John Bradford, son of Major John, son 
of Major William Bradford. 

9. Sarah, born about 1707, married to Israel Bradford. 

Children of William Bradford (3), (Page 14) by his Wife Rebecca (Bartlett) Bradford. 

I. Alice Bradford, born 1680, married William Barnes. 

II. William (4), born about 1682, died 1730, married Elizabeth Finney, daughter of 
Josiah Finney, son of 1st Robert, who married Elizabeth Warren. 

III. Sarah, born about 1684, married Jonathan Barnes. After his death she married 
Robert Stanford. 

third generation. 

Line of Major William Bradford Eldest son of Governor William Bradford by his 

SECOND wife Mrs. Alice Southworth nee Carpenter. 

Ill CI>Omil$ BRJIDI^ORD. Third child of Major WUliam and Alice (Richards) Bradford 
was born about 1660. By his father's will he received lands in Norwich, Conn., to which 
place he removed and died there 1708. In connection with his brother-in-law, Nehemiah 
Smith, Jr., he purchased land on the west side of Nehantic Bay, called the Soldier's 
Farm, having been given by the Legislature to five of Capt. Mason's soldiers for services 
in the Pequot war. On the north part of this land was a farm of 200 acres where Thomas 
Bradford settled. His home was not far from the northwest corner of what was then 
known as New London, but would now lie in the town of Salem. 

In a recent work by Mary E. Perkins, of Norwich, entitled '* Old Houses Ancient Town 
of Norwich," etc., she says, on page 282: "As we now turn down the road leading to 
Dr. Gulliver's we come to the house which has always been regarded as the oldest of the 
Huntington homesteads. We have found from the records that this was the Bradford 
home lot, which, with the Bradford house, were* sold to Huntington, Jun'r. in 1691. 

*• We are unable to say whether the present house was built in 1719, when the land was 
first given to Joshua [Huntington] or after 1740, by Jabez [Huntington]. In the latter case 
the house must have been the former house of Joshua, in the former the old Bradford 
homestead." 

Thomas Bradford married Ann Smith, daughter of Nehemiah Smith, of Norwich, Conn. 

nclHinial) Smitl) was first of New Haven, 1645. He connected himself with the asso- 
ciation that settled Norwich in 1060, and removed to that plantation, where he died 
in 1684. By his wife Ann, he had four daughters, Mary, wife of Samuel Haymond; Ann, wife 
of Thomas Bradford; Elizabeth, wife of John Raymond and Experience who was married 
1st Nov. 1677 to Joshua Abel. 



GOV. BRADFORD HiS DESCENDANTS AND ALLIED FAMILIES. 19 

Children of Thomas Bradford by his Wife Ann (Smith) Bradford. 

I. Joshua, born 1682, at Norwich; married 1712 Mary Brooks. 

II. James, born 1684 at Norwich; married 1st Edith 2nd, Susanna. 

III. Jerusha, baptized 1693 at Montville, died 1739; married 1716, Hezekiah Newcomb, 
of Lebanon, Conn., born about 1692, died 1772. He married 2nd, Hannah 

IV. William, baptized at Montville, 1695. 

third generation. 
Line op Major William Bradford eldest son of Governor William Bradford by his 

SECOND WIFE MrS. AlTCE SoUTHWORTH NEE CARPENTER. 

IV JI£IC€ BRUDf ORa fourth child of Major William and Alice (Richards) Bradford, 
was born about 1680; died 1745. She married 1st, March 29, 1679 Rev. William Adams of 
Dedham, Mass., son of William (2) son of WilUam (1). 

William Adams was of Cambridge 1635 or earlier, admitted freeman 22 May 1639; re- 
moved to Ipswich probably before 1642. His children were William, Nathaniel, Samuel. 

William Adams (2) son of William (1), born about 1620. His children were John, Will- 
iam; born 27 May 1650. 

Rev. William Adams (3) was born at Ipswich, May 27, 1650; died Nov. 17, 1685, gradu- 
ated at Harvard 1671 and became pastor of the church at Dedham, Dec. 3, 1673. He was 
a successful preacher and was voted a salary of one hundred pounds. He married, 21 Oct. 
1674, Mary daughter of William Manning, of Cambridge, and had Mary, born 12 Nov. 1675, 
died soon; Eliphalet, 26 March, 1677, a distinguished minister of New London; William, 
17 Jan. 1679. His wife died 24 June, 1679; he married 29 March following, Alice, daughter 
of Major William Bradford. 

Children of Alice Bradford by her marriage to Rev. William Adams. 

1. Elizabeth Adams, born Feb. 23, 1681; married 1st. Rev. Samuel Whiting of Wind- 
ham, Sep. 4, 1696, when she was but sixteen years of age, and her children were distin- 
guished; 1st Co I. William Whiting engaged inthe French war; 2nd. Rev. John Whiting of the 
second church in Windham (Scotland parish) and resigning his office he was judge of probate 
and also colonel; 3d, Col. Nathan Whiting; 4th, Mary, born 1712; married Nov. 23, 1727, 
Rev. Thomas Clap, her father's successor in Windham and afterward President of Yale 
College; her daughter Mary Clap, who married Daniel Wooster of New Haven; and Tem- 
perance Clap, who married Timothy Pitkin, of Farmington. 

2. Alice Adams, born April 3, 1682, married Rev. Nathaniel Collins, the first minister 
of Enfield, Conn. She died Feb. 19, 1725; he died 1756. 

3. William Adams, born Dec. 17, 1683. 

4. Abiel Adams, was born Dec. 15, 1685, after the death of her father, who died Aug. 
17, 1685. She married 1707, Rev. Joseph Metcalf, minister of Falmouth, a native of Ded- 
ham, born 1682, died May 24, 1720. They had 11 children. 

After the death of Mr. Adams, Alice Bradford married in 1687, Major James Fitch, of 
Norwich, Conn., son of Rev. James Fitch, who was descended from a very distinguished 
English family of this name. 



20 THE SIGNERS OF THE MAYFLOWER COMPACT AND THEIE DESCENDANTS. 

Sir Thomas Fitch, the immediate progenitor of the American family of this name, was 
born in Booking, England 1590 ; died 1G45. He was a judgeof much distinction and was crea- 
teda baronet by Charles I. Remarried AnnaPew, whosurvivedhim, and cameto America 
with her three younger sons (two older ones emigrate<l jireviously). Some daughters and 
perhaps other sona, remained in England. The five eons who came to America were 
Thomas, Rev. James, Joseph, who settled at Windsor, Conn., and had three sons and two 
daughters; Samuel, who settled at Hartford and had two sons; and John who settled at 
Windsor and had no children. 

The original spelling of the name wag Ffytche, probably of 
Welch origin. The family from which Sir Thomas Fitch descend- 
ed, resided at Thorpe Hall, county Lincoln, England, and was a 
branch of the family of Ffytche of Danbury Place, and Wood- 
ham Walter, County Essex. This family bore Arms — Vert, a chev- 
ron between three leopards' heads or. Crest~\ leopard's face 
or, i)ierced with a sword, in bend sinisterppr., hilt and panel of the 
first. Motto — Spes juva t. 

Rev. 3ain<$ TitCl), said to be son of Sir Thomas Pitch and 
Anna Pew^, was born at Bockit^, County of Essex England, Dee. 
24, 1622. He was well advanced in his studies when he came 
to this country in 1638, at the age of sixteen. After a long and thorough course 
of preparation for the ministry under Revs. Hooker and Stone, of Hartford, he was or- 
dained in 1646 as pastor of the Congregational Church at Saybrook and remained there 
until 1060, when, with the greater portion of his congregation he removed to and founded 
the town of Norwich, and continued as pastor of the Norwich church until 169G, when he 
became disabled from further active service by a stroke of the palsy. In 1702 he retired 
to Lebanon, which he had previously founded and named, and where he spent tlie re- 
maining years of his life. He was called by Cotton Mather "the holy and acute Mr. 
Fitch." An election sermon, which he preached by invitation before the Colonial As- 
sembly, received the compliment of being the first election sermon ever printed. To the 
Mohegan Indians he not only preached in tlieir own language, but strove by gifts of his 
land to induce them to adopt the habits of civilization. This called forth a letter of 
thanks from the General Assembly of the Colony of Connecticut, accompanred by an ap- 
propriation for the use of his assistants, and a committal to his charge of the Indians cap- 
tured in King Philip's War. To his influence, indeed, the colony was lai^ely indebted for 
the co-operation of Uncas, Owaneco, and other Indians in that war, in which he had also 
served as a chaplain with sucft aceeptahleness as to call forth from the Assembly an ur- 
gent ve(iuest that he would act again in the samecaj)acily. He has been justly character- 
ized as" a nice, kind and good man, and greatly beloved by his people, and who. during 
the fifty years of his ministry, exercised a beneficent and extended influence not only in 
spiritual matters but in secular affairs— in things pertaining to the welfare of the Colony, 
and the good order and prosperity of the new idantations." Bishop Lee in u discourse de- 
livered at the Norwich Jubilee some years since, said: "He made earlyeflbrts to instruct 
the natives in the truths of the Go8i)el. He took pains to aojuire their tongue and was a 



GOV. BRADFORD HIS DESCENDANTS AND ALLIED FAMILIES. 2l 

fre(iuent visitor in their wigwams. He impressed them with his own sincerity and be- 
nevolence, so that others, who, like Uncas himself remained obstinate in their unbelief, 
accorded him their entire confidence and regarded him with affectionate respect." 

Rev. Mr. Fitch married 1st October, 1648, Abigail, daughter of Rev. Henry Whitfield, 
minister, of Guilford, Conn. She died Sep. 9, 1659. He married 20 October, 1664, Pris- 
cilla, daughter of Major John, and Anne (Peck) Mason. The children by his first wife 
(all born at Say brook. Conn.,) were James, born Aug. 2, 1649; Abigail, born August 1650, 
married Capt. John (son of Major John) Mason; Elizabeth, born January 1651, married 
Rev. Edward Taylor, of Westfield, Mass.; Hannah, born Sep. 1653; Samuel, born April 
1655; Dorothy, born 1658, became the second wife of Nathaniel Bissell, of Windsor, Conn. 
By his second wife Mr. Fitch had issue: Daniel, born Aug. 16, 1670; Jabez, born April 
1672; Ann, born April 1675, married Joseph (only son of Major William) Bradford, of 
Plymouth, (by his second wife). 

major Datncs f ItCl), eldest child of Rev. James and Abigail (Whitfield) Fitch, was born 
Aug. 2, 1649. Ho was a i)rominent and influential man in his day, and the owner of a 
vast amount of land, which he accumulated by legislative grants, by purchase from other 
grantees, and through his intimate connection with the Indians, of whom he was a noted 
friend and patron. Indeed, after the death of Major John Mason, he possessed more in- 
fluence over the sachems than any one else in the colony. In 1684, he received from 
Owaneco the native right and title to a large tract, extending from the Quinebaug River, 
north of the present town of Brooklyn, Conn., westward forty-five miles, and northward 
to beyond the northern boundary of Massachusetts. Out of this, in 1686, he sold the town 
of Pomfret, consisting of 15,100 acres, for £30. In 1687 he received from the same Chief 
parcels of land in Plainfield, and Canterbury, several miles in extent. In addition, also, 
he owned land in various localities in the neighborhood of Norwich, and as one of Joshua's 
legatees, and an original proprietor of Windham, was allotted five one thousand acre 
shares, one located at Windham Centre, one at Willimantic, and three at Mansfield. He 
settled at Norwich, but lived in Preston, Plainfield and Canterbury, of which latter town 
he was the founder, having purchased the land, made the first clearing, laid it out in farm 
and house lots, and erected the first barn and framed house within its limits. He was a 
brave and experienced partisan soldier in the Indian wars; and active in politics, repre- 
senting Norwich for several sessions, in the General Assembly, and was chosen in 1681, 
one of the Assistants of the Colony. An early patron of Yale College, to which he gave 
the glass and nails for its first edifice; he further renewed his interest by an endowment 
of 637 acres of land in Killing! y township — an act which in the then peculiar situation of 
the infant institution (1701) insured its established permanence. He died in Car *^erbury. 
Conn., Nov. 10, 1727, aged 80. 

Major Fitch married 1st, 1676, Elizabeth, youngest daughter of Major John Mason; she 
died Oct. 8, 1684. By her he had issue James, born 1678, died soon; James again, born 1679, 
died early, unmarried; Jedediah born April 17, 1681, married Elizabeth, and had issue Eliza- 
beth, Peter: Samuel, born July 12, 1680; Elizabeth again, born 1684. 

Major James Fitch married 2nd, Alice Bradford, daughter and fourth child of Major 
William Bradford. 



22 the signers op the mayflower compact and their descendants. 

Children of Alice Bradford by her marriage to Major James Fitch, son of Rev. James 

Fitch. 

1. Abigail Fitch, born 1687; married 1703, Capt. John Dyer, of Canterbury, Conn. 

2. Ebenezer Fitch, born 1689-90; married 1712, Bridget Brown, possibly daughter of 
Eleazer Brown, of Canteibury. She married 2nd, John Perry, of Ashford, Conn. 

3. Daniel Fitch, born 1692; died 1752; married 1718, Anna Cook, possibly >Sfcephen 
Cook, of Canterbury, Conn. 

4. John Fitch, born 1695. 

5. Bridget Fitch, born 1697. 

6. Jerusha Fitch, born 1699; died 1780; married 1717, Daniel Bissell, born 1694, died 
1770. son of Daniel and Margaret (Dewey) Bissell, of Windsor, Conn. 

7. William Fitch, born 1701. 

8. CoL. Jabez Fitch, born 1702; died 1784; married 1722, Lydia Gale, probably daugh- 
ter of Richard Gale, of Canterbury; married 2d, Elizabeth Darby; married 3d, King. 

9. Lucy Fitch, born about 1700; married 1719, Henry Cleveland, born about 1C97, son 
of Josiah and Mary Cleveland, of Canterbury. 

10. Theophilus Fitch, born about 1705; died 1751 *' aufuUy." He married Mary Hun- 
tington, born 1707. 

11. Alice Fitch. 

third generation. 
Line of Majob William Bbadford, Eldest Son of Governor William Bradford by 

HIS second wife Mrs. Alice Southworth nee Carpenter. 

V inCRCy BRilD70RD» fifth child of Major William and Alice (Richards) Bradford, was 
born in 1660. She was married Sep. 16, 1680, to Samuel Steel, of Hartford, Conn., son of 
John Jr., son of John Steel, the ancestor. 

30l)ll Steel was born in county Essex, England; came to New England with his wife and 
children and was living in Dorchester, Mass., 1630; a proprietor of New Town, now Cam- 
bridge, Mass., 1632; admitted freeman 1634. He removed to Hartford, Conn., was repre- 
sentative to the General Court and Secretary 1636-57, magistrate, and one of the foimders 
of Haitford 1635; one of eight representative men appointed to govern Connecticut 1636; 
Secretary of the colony four years, and one of the founders of Farrnington, Conn., where 

he died in 1665. He married 1st, Rachel probably in England; she died in 1653; he 

married 2d, Nov. 23, 1756, Mercy, widow of Richard Seymour. Ho had six children of 
whom John was the eldest. 

John Steel (2), son of John (1) and Rachel ( ) Steel, was born probably in En- 
gland; died in 1653. He married 1645, Mercy, daughter of Andrew Warner, of Hartford. 
They had Benoni, Henry, Daniel, Mary, Lieut. John, Samuel. 

Samuel Steel, youngest son of John Steel, was born March 15, 1652; married Sep. 16, 
1680, Mercy, daughtei of Major William Bradford. He died 1710; she died 1720. 

Children of Mercy Bradford by her marriage to Samuel Steel. 

I. Thomas Steel, born Sep. 9, 1081; married May 10, 1700, Susanna Webster Steel. 



GOV. BRADFORD HIS DESCENDANTS AND ALLIED FAMILIES. 23 

He died 1757; she died Nov. 27, 1757. They resided at West Hartford. Conn. 
n. Samuel Steel, born Feb. 15, 1684; died 1710; unmarried. 
HI. Jerusha Steel, twin of Samuel, married Smith; lived in Hartford. 

IV. William Steel, born Feb. 20, 1687; died 1713; unmarried, 

V. Ariel Steel, born Oct. 8, 1693; married Dec. 5, 1712, John Webster. He died 
1753, at Southington, Conn. 

VI. Daniel Steel, born April 3, 1697; married 1725, Mary Hopkins. He died May 28, 
1770, at West Hartford. 

VIL Eliphalet Steel, born Jan. 23*, 1700; married Catharine Marshtield. He died July, 
1773; she died June 7, 1788, at West Hartford. 

third generation, 

Line op Major William Bradford, Eldest Son of Governor William Bradford by 

His Second Wife Mrs. Alice Southworth nee Carpenter. 

VI MnnUR BRJIDl^RD. sixth child of Major William and Alice (Richards) Bradford 
was born May 9, 1662; died May 28, 1758. She married Nov. 28, 1682, Joshua Ripley, of 
Hingham, Mass., and removed with him to Windham County, Conn. She was evidently 
a woman of superior education for the Windham records state that she was '* a noble and 
useful woman, and remarkable, not only for intelligence and accomplishments, but for her 
skill in the art of healing." She was the first and for a long time the only physician in the 
settlement, and it is said that the first male physician. Dr. Richard Huntington, received 
much of his medical knowledge from her. 

Joshua Ripley, her husband, was the son of John, son of William Ripley, the ancestor. 

William RIPkPt with his wife, two sons and two daughters, came from Hingham, Nor- 
folk County, England, on the ship Dilligent, with his wife and family, and settled in Hing- 
ham, Mass., in 1638. His second wife, whom he married Jan 28, 1657-8, in this country, 
was the widow of Thomas Thaxter, of Hingham, England and Hingham, Mass. William 
Ripley died July 20, 1656, leaving John^ Abraham and Sarah. 

John Ripley, son of William Ripley, was born in England ; came with his parents to 
America; died at Hingham, Mass., Feb. 3, 1683. He married Elizabeth, daughter of Rev. 
Peter Hobart, first pastor of the church at Hingham, who died in 1692 in the 60th year of 
his age. They had seven children of whom Joshua was the third. 

30$l)tia RlplCPt son of John and Elizabeth (Hobart) Ripley, was born in Hingham, Mass., 
May 9, 1658, died May 18, 1739. He moved from Hingham to Norwich, Conn., in 1689, 
and later to Windham County, Conn., where he bought of Isaac Magowan,the first settler, 
sixty acres of land on both sides of Merrick's Brook. The first town meeting in Wind- 
ham was held June 11, 1692, when Joshua Ripley was appointed town clerk; he was also 
town treasurer. He was a man widely known and respected as of sterling sense andjudg- 
ment. He was one of the first justices of the peace in Connecticut, and was appointed 
May 1698, when that office was first instituted. He was also one of the seven pillars or 
counsellors and justices of the quorum in 1726. 



24 the signebs op the mayflower compact and their descendants. 

Children op Joshua and Hannah (Bradford) Ripley. 

L Alice, born in Hingham, Mass., Sep. 18, 1683, married Samuel Edgerton, of Nor- 
wich, Conn. 

II. Hannah, born in Hingham, Mass., March 2, 1685; married Samuel Webb, of 
Windham, Conn., Oct. 8, 1711. 

III. Faith, born in Hingham, Sep. 20,1686; married Samuel Bingham, of Scotland, 
Conn. 

' IV. Joshua, born in Hingham, May 13, 1688; married Mary Backus, of Windham, Dec. 
3, 1712. He died Nov. 18, 1773. 

V. Margaret, born in Norwich, Conn., Nov, 4, 1690; married Seabury, of Leb- 
anon, Conn. 

VI. Leah, born in Windham, Conn., April 17, 1693; married 1st, amuel Cook; 2d, 
James Bradford, of Canterbury, Conn. 

VII. Rachel, twin sister of Leah ; born in Windham, April 17, 1693; married Winslow 
Tracy, of Norwich, Conn. 

VIII. Hezekiah, born in Windham, Jan. 10, 1695; married Miriam Fitch, Oct. 16, 1740; 
married 2d, Mary Skinner, of Windham, Nov. 25, 1746. He died Feb. 7, 1779. 

IX. David, born in Windham, May 20, 1697: married Lydia Carey, of Windham, 
March 21, 1720; died Feb. 16, 1781. 

X. Irene, born in Windham, Aug. 28, 1700; married Samuel Many, April 20, 1719. 

XI. Jeeusha, born in Windham, Nov. 1, 1701; married Edward, of Windham, Sep. 9, 
1724. 

XII. Ann, twin sister of Jerusha, bornin Windham, Nov. 1, 1701 ; married Dr. Solomon 
Wheat, of Windham. 

third generation, 

Line of Major William Bradford Eldest son of Governor William Bradford by his 

second wife Mrs. Alice Southworth nee Carpenter. 

VII m€£JltUII) BRilDfORD. seventh child of Major William and Alice (Richards) Brad- 
ford, was born about 1664; was married to John Steel, of Norwich, Conn., son of James, 
son of George (2), son of George (1). 

George Steel (1) presumed to have been an elder brother of John, who married Mercy 
Bradford, 5th child of Major William Bradford, came to New England with him. He was 
admitted a freeman at Cambridge, Mass., in 1654; removed thence to Hartford, Conn.; 
was a proprietor of land there in 1639; died 1663, "very old." He had four children of 
whom James was the youngest. 

James Steel, youngest child of George Steel, was born probably in England. He mar- 
ried 1st, Anna Bishop, supposed to have been a daughter of John Bishop, of Guilford; she 
died 1676; he married 2d, Bethia, widow of Deacon Samuel Stocking, (by whom she had 
eight children). The Colonial records show that James Steel, in 1657-8, was enlisted as a 
trooper in the war against the Pequots. In 1662 he was ai)pointed by the General Court, 



GOV. BRADFORD HIS DESCENDANTS AND ALLIED FAMILIES. 25 

with William Wads worth, to lay out lands in Hammonasset [Killingworth] . He was 
appointed 1672 with others to run the dividing line between the towns of Lyme and New 
London for which service he was allowed by the Court six pounds and fifteen shillings 
out of the public treasury. The Court gr^inted him the same year IGO acres of land for a 
farm. In 1675 he was appointed commissary in King Philip's war and was allowed at the 
rate of fifty pounds per annum as compensation for his services. His dwelling house was 
on the old plan of Hartford, south of Little River. He had issue Sarah, Lieut. James, 
John, Mary, Elizabeth, Rachel. 
John Steel, son of James and Anna (Bishop) Steel, born about 1660; married Melatiah 

daughter of Major William Bradford; after his death she married Stevens, of 

Killingworth. Her sister May married Samuel Steel. 

Children of John and Melatiah (Bradford) Steel. 

I. Bethia born about 1688-9, married May 17, 1709, Samuel Shepard, born Feb. 2, 
1684, died June 5, 1750 (she died 1746). He was the son of John Shepard, of Hartford 
who married May 12, 1680, Hannah daughter of Deacon Paul Peck; son of John Shepard, 
of Cambridge, Mass., 1750, and Hartford, Conn, 1766, who married 1649, Rebecca daugh- 
ter of Samuel Greenhill; son of Edward Shepard of Cambridge, Mass., 1637. 

n. John, born 1693; died unmarried. 

HI. Ebenezer, born 1695, married Susanna of West Hartford. He removed to 

Killingworth and purchased lands there Feb. 23, 1723. He died 1746. 

third generation. 

Line of Major William Bradford Eldest son of Governor William Bradford by his 

SECOND WIFE, MrS. AlICE SoUTHWORTH NEE CaRPENTER. 

VIII CilPC* $iimiJ€£ BRilD^ORD. eighth child of Major William and Alice (Richards) 
Bradford, was born in 1668, died Feb. 17 1714. He resided at Duxbury where his name 
appears on the records as early as 1700. He had a grant of land adjoining his house lot. 

His gravestone in Duxbury Cemetery contains the following inscription: '*Here lyes 
Capt. Samuel Bradford of Duxbury, who died Feb. 17, 1714 in ye 47th year of his age." 
He was called Capt. Samuel Bradford. He was a juryman 1700, constable 1701, select- 
man 1702, and in 1710 was one of three men appointed to divide the Common Lands. 

He married Hannah Rogers, daughter of John and Elizabeth Rogers, of Duxbury, Mass., 
son of John the ancestor. 

John Rogers, who was of Plymouth 1631, bought land in Duxbury of Edward Chandler. 
He was a representative to the General Court in 1657. In his will of Feb. 1661, he calls 
himself of Marshfield and names wife and six children, besides grandchildren, George 
and John Russell. His wife was named Frances. They had John (2), Joseph, Timothy 
(freed from bearing arms, being lame) Ann, married John Hudson; Mary; Abigail. 

John Rogers (2) son of John (1) and Frances Rogers, died in 1696. He married Elizabeth 
Peabody Nov. 1666, daughter of William Peabody, of Duxbury, born 1619; married Dec. 
26, 1644, Elizabeth, eldest daughter of John Alden the Pilgrim. John Rogers (2) by his 



26 THE SIGNERS OF THE MAYFLOWER COMPACT AND THEIR DESCENDANTS. 

wife Elizabeth (Peabody) Rogers had issue Hannah, born Nov. 16, 1668; married Samuel 
Bradford, son of Major William Bradford. 

Children of Samuel Bradford (viii) and Hannah (Rogers) Bradford. 

L Hannah, born Feb. 14, 1689; married Nathaniel Gilbert, of Taunton, Mass. 

II. Gershom, born Dec. 21, 1691; married Priscilla daughter of Rev. Ichabod Wiswall, 
of Duxbury . He removed with a part of his family to Bristol R. I. In 1 744, having previous- 
ly resided in Kingston, Mass. They had issue: 

1. Alexander, born about 1718, who died leaving one son Alexander? and one daugh- 

tero 

2. Daniel, born 1720, married 1st, Mary Church, 2d, Susan Jarvis; died 22 July 1810. He 
settled in Bristol and became the ancestor of a numerous posterity. His oldest child, 
Priscilla, bom 12th March 1752, married 15th Jan. 1775, Col. Sylvester Child, of Warren, 
R. I., born 1752, died Jan. 9, 1832. There were by this marriage three daughters: Mary 
R., who married Christopher Child; Priscilla Bradford, who married Shubael P. Child, and 
Abigail Miller, who married John Fessenden and had John M. of Jamaica Plains and Guy 
M. of Warren, R. I. 

3. Noah, married Hannah Clark, 

4. Job, married Elizabeth Parkman. He was born in Kingston and settled in Boston. 
HI. Percy Bradford, born Dec. 28, lo94c He resided in Attleboro, Mass., where he 

died Jan. 19, 1746. He was a graduate of Harvard and a member of the Council of Mass- 
achusetts. He married Abigail Belch. 

IV. Elizabeth, born Dec. 15, 1696, married William Whiting of Hartford, Conn. 

V. Jerusha, born March 10, 1699, married Rev. Ebenezer Gay, of Hingham. 

VI. Welthia, born May 15, 1702. She married Peter Lane, of Hingham, Mass., born 
25 May, 1697, son of Ebenezer, son of George, son of William Lane, of Dorchester, Mass. 

VII. Hon. (and Col.) Gamaliel born May 18, 1704; died in Duxl ury, Mass., April 24, 1778. 
He was a member of the Council of Massachusetts and Judge of the County Court. He 
was known as the ** Hon. Gamaliel Bradford." He shared largely in all the duties of 
public oflfices of the town and was always selected to bear the responsibilities of its im- 
portant agencies. He was a friend of education, and did much toward the maintenance 
and improvement of the public schools. He represented the town in the Legislature 
from 1764 to 1770, and was a member of the executive council. He was for many years 
a justice of the peace and judge of the county court. He also had command of a company 
of militia in his native town, and about 1750, was raised to the rank of Major and later 
Colonel of fhe regiment. He married Abigail Bartlett, of Duxbury, Mass., daughter of 
Benjamin Bartlett and Sarah Brewster, son of Robert Bartlett, who married Mary, daugh- 
ter of Richard Warren, a Mayflower Pilgrim. 

third generation, 

Line of Major William Bradford, Eldest son op Governor William Bradford by his 

SECOND WIPE, Mrs. Alice Southworth nee Carpenter. 

IX inURP BRJIDJ^RD, ninth child of Major William and Alice (Richards) Bradford, was 



GOV. imADFORD HIS DESCENDANTS AND ALLIED FAMILIES. 27 

born about 1669. She was married to William Hunt, son of Ephraim, son of Enoch. 

The Massachusetts State Archives, lib. 129, folio 16, contains the following in reference 
to the Hunt family, of Weymouth, ia a deposition of James Humphrey: 

"CnOCl) Btttitt of Titendeninthe Parish of Lee about two miles distant from Wendorn, 
and Ephraim Hunt, the reputed eldest son, removed into New England, and for some 
time dwelt in Weymouth. The said Enoch Hunt, the father, soon returned back to Eng- 
land, but his son Ephraim remained, and settled at Weymouth, and there married a wife, 
by whom he had several sons, and continued his dwelling there unto the time of his 
decease." 

Ephraim Hunt, of Ilehoboth 1644, son of Enoch, was born in England; removed thence to 
Weymouth; married 1st, Sarah Barker. He married 2nd, Elbet, and had issue: Thomas, 
Ephraim, John, William, 1655; Enoch, 1657; and Joseph. He was admitted freeman 1671; 
was captain of the train band. His will is dated April 7, 1687. 

Williavi Hunt, son of Ephraim, was born about 1655. He is called of Chilmark. He 
lived at Martha's Vineyard. After the death of his first wife, he married Sarah, widow of 
Samuel Bradford, brother of Mary, his first wife. 

The children of William Hunt, by his wife Mary Bradford (Hunt), were 

1. Mary Hunt, born Feb. 8 or 18, 1687. 

2. William Hunt, born May 17, 1693. 

third . genera tion, 
Line of Major William Bradford Eldest son of Governor William Bradford by his 

SECOND WIFE MrS. AlICE SoUTHWORTH NEE CaRPENTER. 

X %9XKb BRJID70RD. tenth child of Major William and Alice (Richards) Bradford, was 
born about 1671. She was murried to Kenelin Baker, of Marshfield, Mass., son of Samuel, 
son of Rev. Nicholas Baker, the ancestor. 

RCO» niCl)OlaS Baker was one of the first settlers of Hingham, Mass., and from this cir- 
cumstance it is supposed he came from Hingham, in Norfolk, England. He received a 
share in the first division of house lots in Hingham in 1635. He afterward became an 
extensive landholder in Hull, and resided there. He was engaged in agricultural pursuits 
for several years, though a man of more than ordinary qualifications, and often employed 
in public affairs. He was a deputy to the Mass. Colony Court (the May session) in 1636, 
it being the sixth Court that had been holden, but th« first in which Hingham was repre- 
sented. Again he was a deputy to the May Court in 1638. After the death of President 
Dunster he was invited to preach at Scituate P'irst Church. He was ordained in Scituate 
in 1660. He died in 1678. By wife Grace he had Samuel, Elizabeth, Nicholas, Deborah, 
Sarah, Mary. 

Samuel Baker, of Duxbury, son of Rev. Nicholas Baker, was born about 1630. He 
married Eleanor Winslow, daughter of Kenelm Winslow, brother of Gov. Edward Win- 
slow. By her he had Kenelm, born 1657; Lydia 1659; Elizabeth 1661; Mary 1662; Alice 
1663; Ellen 1605. His second wife, whom he married in 1677, Patience was Simmon, by 
whom he had a son Samuel. 



28 THE SIGNERS OF THE MAYFLOWER COMPACT- AND THEIR DESCENDANTS. 

Kenelm Baker, eldest son of Samuel and Eleanor (Winslow) Baker, was born in Dux- 
bury, Mass., in 1657. He married Sarah Bradford 10th child of Major William Bradford. 

Children of Kenelm Baker and Sarah Bradford. 

I. Kenelm Baker, married Patience Doten, of Marlborough, at Duxbury, Jan. 22, 1719. 

II. Samuel Baker, married Miss Ford, of Marshfield, Mass. 

third generation. 

Line of Major William Bradford (Through his second wife Widow Wiswall) Eldest 

SON OF Major William Bradford by his second wife Mrs. Alice 

Southworth nee Carpenter. 

XI £l€IJt* 30$€PI) BR1ID70RD, only child of Major William Bradford by his wife. Widow 
Wiswall Bradford, was born in 1675, He lived in Lebanon, Conn., of which he was an 
original proprietor; also at New London, Conn. 

A Court of Commission was held at his house on the Mohegan lands, Feb. 22, 1721 to 
" hear, review and settle all disputes respecting the Indian lands." He frequently occu- 
pied public positions, which he filled with honor and credit. He represented the town of 
Lebanon in the State Legislature in 1707-8-9-12 and 1714. In 1702 he was commissioned 
Ensign of the train band, of which he became Lieutenent before 1710; Selectman 1710, 

1714. 

He married Anne Fitch (born April 1675 died 1715) daughter of Rev. James Fitch of 
Norwich, Conn., Oct. 5, 1678. [See Fitch family page 20] 

Children of Lieut. Joseph Bradford and Anne Fitch, daughter of Rev. James Fitch. 

1. Ann, born July 26, 1699. 

3! Slia[ twins born April 9, 1702. 

4! Sarah, born Sep. 21, 1706. 

5. Hannah, born May 24, 1709. 

6. Elizabeth, born Oct. 21, 1712. 

8* Irene ^ 1 ^^^'^^ ^^^^' ^^^^ ^^^- ^^' ^^^^' 
9! John, born May 20, 1717. • 

Anne, wife of Joseph, died Oct. 7, 1717. He moved to Mohegan that year and is said to 

have married 2nd Mary (Sherwood) Fitch, widow of Daniel Fitch. 

third generation, 
Line of Major William Bradford Eldest son of Governor William Bradford by his 

SECOND WIFE MrS. AlICE SoUTHWORTH NEE CaRPENTER. 

XII i$Rll€£ BRJIDf ORO* twelfth child of Major William Bradford and eldest child by his 
wife Mary Atwood (Holmes) Bradford; was born in Kingston, Mass., about 1679 and re- 
sided there. He married in 1701, Sarah Bartlett, of Duxbury, Mass., daughter of Benja- 
min and Ruth (Peabody) Bartlett, son of Benjamin (1) son of Robert the ancestor, who 
married Mary Warren, daughter of Richard Warren of the Mayflower. 



gov. bradford his descendants and allied families. 29 

Children of Israel Bradford by his wife Sarah Bartlett. 

I. Ruth, born Dec. 11, b03; died Feb. 1713. 

II. Batsheba, born Feb. 1703; married Thomas Adams. 

HI. Benjamin, born Oct. 17, 1705; married 1st Zeresh Stetson :2nd Mary Clitman. Re- 
sided in Kingston. 

IV. Abner, born Dec. 25, 1707: married Susanne Porter; resided in Kingston. 

V. Joshua, born June 23, 1710; married Hannah daughter of Elisha Bradford and re- 
moved from Kingston to Madrencock fnow Freedom) Me., where on May 27, 1756 he and 
his wife were killed by a party of Indians, who, at the same time, carried their 
children to Canada, where they remained in captivity until Quebec was taken by Gen. 
Wolf, when they returned to Madrencock. 

VI. Ichabod, born Sep. 22, 1713; married Mary Johnson, Nov. 25, 1743. She died July 
1761. 

VII. Elisaha, born March 26, 1718; no issue. 

THIRD GENERAlOl^. 

Line of Major William Bradford eldest son of Governor William Bradford by his 

SECOND wife Mrs. Alice Southworth nee Carpenter. 

XIII ePBRWrn BRilDORD. thirteenth child of Major William, and second child by wife 
Mary Atwood (Holmes) Bradford, was born about 1685. He resided in Kingston, Mass. 
He married Feb. 13, 1710 Elizabeth Bartlett. She may have been a daughter of Samuel 
Bartlett of Northampton, Mass., who had a daughter, Elizabeth, born 1687. He was a 
son of Robert Bartlett, the Hartford, Conn, settler. The contemporary name of Eliza- 
beth does not appear among the descendants of Robert Bartlett, of Plymouth. 

Children of Ephraim Bradford by his wife Elizabeth Bartlett. 

I. Deborah, born June 21 ; 1712, died Jan. 10, 1732. 

II. Anna, born July 25, 1715. 

III. Elizabeth, born Nov. 3, 1717. 
IVe Ephraim, born Jan. 1, 1719 

V. Abigail, born Feb. 28, 1720. 

VI. Susanna, born May 5, 1721. 

VII. Elijah, born Jan. 23, 1723. 

VIII. Ezekiel 

IX. Simeon, born Aug. 28, 1729. 

X. Wail. 

third genf.raion, 

Line of Major William Bradford Eldest son of Governor William Bradford by his 

SECOND wife Mrs. Alice Southworth nee Carpenter. 

XlV-3 OHVIO BR1ID70RD, fourteenth child of Major William Bradford and third child of 
Mary (Atwood Holmes) Bradford, was born in Kingston, Mass., about 1690; died there 
March 16, 1730. 



30 THE SIGNEK8 OF THE MAYFLOWER COMPACT AND THEIR DESCENDANTS. 

He married in 1714, Elizabeth Finney (or Phinney), born about April 11, 1690, daughter 
of John Finney, son of John (2), son of John (1). 

30l)ll filMICP, of Plymouth, by wife Christian, who died 9th Sept. 1649, had John^ born 
24th Dec, 1638 and perhaps others. He removed to Barnstable, and married June 10, 1650, 
Abigail, widow of Henry Coggen, who died May 6, 1653. He married 3d, EUzabeth Bay- 
ley, and had eight children. 

John Finney (2), son of John (1), was born Dec. 24, 1638; married Aug. 10, 1664, Mary 
Rogers, and had twelve children, of whom John (3) was the eldest. 

John Finney (3), son of John (2), was born May 5, 1665; married May 30, 1689, Sarah 
Lombard, daughter of Thomas, son of Bernard, son of Thomas. 

Thomas Lombard, of Dorchester, Mass., came m the *' Mary and John" 1630, bringing 
Bernard and two other children. He was admitted freeman Oct. 9, 1630. He removed 
later to Scituate and thence to Barnstable. 

Bernard Lombard, son of Thomas, came with his father to Mass. in 1630. He went to 
Scituate April 1, 1634, and, with his wife, joined the church April 19, 1635. He went 
thence to Barnstable with Lathrop. He had Thomas and other children. 

Thomas Lombard, son of Bernard, born about 1640; married Dec. 23, 1665, Elizabeth 
Darby or Derby and had Sarah. 

Sarah Lombard, daughter of Thomas Lombard, was born Dec. 1666; married John Fin- 
ney (3). 

John Finney (3), by wife Sarah (Lombard) Finney, had Elizabeth, who was married to 
David Bradford. 

Children of David Bradford by his wife Elizabeth Finney. 

I. Nathaniel, born Dee. 10, 1715; married Sarah Spooner, of Plymouth, granddaugh- 
ter, probably, of William Spooner, who was of Plymouth 1637 and of Dartmouth 1660, and 
Hannah , daughter of Joshua Pratt. 

II. Jonathan, born Nov. 13, 1717; no issue. 

III. Lydia, born Dec. 23, 1719; married 1st, Elkanah Cushman 1740; 2d, Lazarus Le 
Baron, 1743. She, Lydia, died 1757. 

IV. Nathan, born April 3, 1722; married 1st, Elizabeth she died April 30, 

1773; married 2nd, Sarah Sturtevant, 1776. He had no issue by second wife. He died 
Oct. 14, 1787. 

third generation, 
Line of Major William Bradfoed Eldest son of Governor William Bradford by his 

SECOND WIFE MrS. SoUTHWORTH NEE CARPENTER. 

XV B€Z€KWI) BRUD^ORD, fifteenth child of Major William Bradford, was born probably 
in Kingston, about 1692, where he continued to reside. 

He married Mary Chandler, of Duxbury, Mass., born 1704, daughter probably of Joseph 
son of Joseph, son of Edmond. 

Cdttltttld CDandlCr, of Roxbury 1635, owned land near R. Hicks, which he sold to John 
Rogers, and also land to Isaac Robinson. In 1636 he had jj:ranted to him '* fourty acres of 



GOV. BRADFORD HIS DESCENDANTS AND ALLIED FAMILIES. 31 

land lying on the east side of Meyses Symonson, where Morris formerly began to clear 
for the Bowmans." He was of Scituate 1650. He died 1662, (will dated May 3, 1662), 
leaving an estate of £38. He owned land at Barbadoes, which he gave to his daughters 
Sarah, Anna and Mary. He had another daughter Ruth and sons Benjamin, Samuel and 

Joseph. 

Joseph Chandler (1), son of Edmund, was of Sandwich 1661, and of Duxbury 1684. He 
had John, Joseph and perhaps Edmund, of Duxbury 1710 and Benjamin 1684, who died 
March 25, 1771, aged 87. 

Joseph Chandler (2), son of Joseph (1), was born about 1675; married Feb. 12, 1701, 
Martha Hunt, and had Philip 1702; Mary, born Aug. 3, 1704; Joshua, Zechariah 1708; 
Edmond, 1710; Ebenezer, 17J2; Sarah, 1714; Martha, 1716; Jonathan. 1718; Judah, 1720. 

Mary Chandler, second child of Joseph (2), was born Aug. 3, 1704; married, probably 
to Hezekiah Bradford. 

Hezekiah Bradford, by his wife Mary (Chandler) Bradford, had a daughter Mary. 

second generation. 

Line of Joseph Bradford Youngest Child of Governor William Bradfohd,by his Second 

Wife Mrs. Alice Southworth (nee Carpenter.) 

[see 9th page] 
JOSCPI) BRJIOfOROt fourth and youngest child of Governor William and Alice (South- 
worth nee Carpenter) Bradford was born in 1630; died July 29, 1715. He resided in 
Kingston (then Plymouth) on Jones River, half a mile from the mouth at a place called 
Flat House Dock, perhaps from the circumstances that he lived in a house with a flat 

roof. 

He married May 25, 1664 Joel (born 1643) daughter of Rev. Peter Hobart, son of Ed- 
mund. 

Edmund Hobart, the progenitor of the family in America was born in Hingh am, Norfolk 
England emigrated to New England in 1633, and settled in Hingham Mass. where he died 
in 1646. He represented the town of Hingham at the General Court of Mass. from 1639 to 

1642. 

Rev. Peter Hobart, son of Edmund was born in Hingham England in 1604. He attended 
the free school at Lynn and entered the University at Cambridge, and after teaching a 
grammar school, held a a pastorate in Haverhill, Suffolk until 1635. In the summer ot 
that year he came with his wife and four children to New England, and with his father 
who had preceded him — together with a few others formed a new plantation which they 
called Hingham, where he organized the First Church (Congregational), of which he con- 
tinued as pastor until his death. Four of his sons, graduates of Harvard were Congrega- 
tional clergymen, one of whom was the successor of John Eliot, in 1764. 

His children who came with him were: Joshua, Jeremiah, Josiah, Elizabeth, who 
married John Ripley. 

Those born here were: Ichabod 1635, died soon; Hannah, 1637, died soon; Hannah again, 
born 1638, married John Brown, of Salem; Bathsheba, born 1640, married Joseph Turner of 



32 THE 8IGNEBS OP THE MAYFLOWER COMPACT AND THiilB DESCENDANTS. 

Scituate; Israel, born 1642. 

Jael, born Dec 1643, married May 23, 1664, Joseph Bradford. 

Gershom, 1645; Japhet, April 1647; Nehemiah, 1649; David, 1651; Rebecca, born 1654^ 
married Oct 10, 1679, Daniel Mason, of Stonington, Conn.; Abigail Lydia. Rev. Peter 
HoDart, died Jan. 20, 1679. 

Children of Joseph Bradford by His Wife Jael Hobart Bradford. 

I. Joseph, born April 18,1665. 

II. Elisha, married 1st Hannah Cole and had Hannah, who married Joshua Bradford 
of Kingston. He married 2nd Bathsheba La Broche. 

Line of Joseph Bradford youngest child of Governor William Bradford by his second 

WIFE Mrs. Alice Southworth nee Carpenter. 

II €llSDa Bradford, son of Joseph, and Jael (Hobart) Bradford, was a native of Plymouth 

in New England. The ** Female Eeview" says of him: "He possessed good abilities 

and explored many sources that led him to literary distinction. As he was eminent in 

property; so piety, humanity and uprightness were the distinguishing characteristics of 

his life." He was married Sep. 7, 1719, to Bathsheba Le Broche, a French lady of elegant 

extraction and accomplishments. Her father was a native of Paris. Mr. Bradford, for 

one of his benevolent offices, being bound for a ship and rich cargo, belonging to a mer- 
chant of the same town, had the misfortune to lose the greater part of his interest. Being 

at this time (17(50) considerably advanced in years, this circumstance, together with the 

loss of his eldest son, preyed fast upon his constitution, and he did not long survive to 

mourn the loss of what seemed not in his power to remedy." 

Children op Elisha Bradford by his wife Bathsheba Le Broche. 

1. Hannah, born April 10, 1719. 

2. Joseph, born Dec. 17, 1721. 

3. Nehemiah, born July 27, 1724. 

4. Laurana, born March 26, 1720; married Elijah McFarland, of Plympton. 

5. Mary, born Aug. 1, 1727. 

6. Elisha, born Oct. 6, 1729. 

7. Lois, born Jan. 30, 1731. 

8. Deborah, born Nov. 18, 1732; married Jonathan Sampson, Jr. 

This Deborah Bradford, eighth child of Elisha and Bathsheba (Le Broche) Bradford by 
her marriage to Jonathan Sampson, Jr., became the mother of one of the most remarkable 
women of the Revolution. Jonathan Sampson, Jr., her husband, was the son of Jonathan 
Sampson and Joanna Lucas, son of Isaac Sampson born 1660; married Lydia Standish, 
daughter of Alexander, son of Capt. Miles Standish; he was the son of Abraham Sampson, 
the ancestor. 

Jonathan Sampson, by his wife Deborah (Bradford) Sampson, had a child Deborah, who, 
served in the ranks of the patriot army throughout the War of the Revolution in male 
attire, without her sex having been discovered. 



Grinnell and Allied Families. 

Lines of descent from Governor William Bradford, John Alden, William Mullins 
(MoLiNEs), John Tilley and John Rowland of the Mayflower. 

The ancestry of the Grinnell family among the early settlers of America presents a re- 
markable combination of men who were well known in their day. 

The Mayflower ancestry, beginning with the line of Governor Bradford, includes five sign- 
ers of the Mayflower compact, together with their own and allied families, who were among the 
'* Blessed Company"; six colonial governors, also deputy governors, magistrates, assistants, 
judges, lawyers, clergymen, military leaders, etc. 

lUjlttbCVP QfiNNClIt the ancestor, is first found at Newport, R. I., where he was admitted 
freeman in 1638. He was probably one of the numerous Huguenot refugees who fled from 
Prance to Holland after the Revocation of the Edict of Nantes. 

Of the children named in the will of Matthew are Matthew, Thomas and DanieL His wife's 
name was Rose, her surname does not appear in the records. 

DMid 6liNNCll» son of Matthew and Rose Grinnell, was born in 1686. He married 
Mary Wodell, born 1640, daughter of William and Mary Wodell. They lived at Portsmouth 
and Little Compton, R. I. They had issue, Daniel (2), Richard and Jonathan. 

Dmiel 6l1llliell (l), son of Damel (1), and Mary Wodell GrinneU, was born at Little 
Compton about 1665. He married Lydia Pabodie, daughter of William Pabodie, son 
of William Pabodie, the ancestor. 

W1LLLA.M Pabodie, the ancestor, was born in England, 1619, and was an early settler of the 
Plymouth Colony. The Plymouth records state that he was '* a man much employed in public 
affairs, and of much respectability." While not himself a Pilgrim he had the honor of marry- 
ing the daughter of a Pilgrim, Elizabeth Alden, born 1622 or 3, the first white woman horn in 
New England. They were married Dec. 26, 1644. He with others, purchased in 1659, from the 
Seaconet tribe of Indians a large tract of land known by the name of Seaconet Point, now 
Little Compton, R. I. Until 1Y45 this was a part of Massachusetts. William Pabodie was one 
of the "twenty-nine persons who appeared at Plymouth, July 22, 16Y3 and proved their respect- 
ive shares on the grant of land at Seaconet." He moved with his family to their new home in 
1684. 

30l)N JIldCNt the Pilgrim, the father of Elizabeth (Alden) Pabodie, was the seventh and 
youngest signer of the Mayflower Compact. He was born in 1599, and had only just realized 
his majority when he put his name to the important document. His *' powers of persuasion" 
were evidently appreciated by his friend Captain Miles Standish, and it was no fault of his that 
while acting as '* proxy " in the courtship of the beautiful Priscilla Mullens or Molines he be- 
came the principal, and she thus became the mother of the first white child born in Plymouth 
Colony. Her father was William Molines, or as appears among the signers, William Mullins. 



34 SIGNERS OP THE MAYFLOWER COMPACT AND THEIR DESCENDANTS. 

W1LI.IAM MoLiNES, tenth signer of the Mayflower Compact, formed a part of the httle col- 
ony at Leyden, Holland, where the Pilgrims met and formed their plans for the new settlement. 
He was one of the Hugenot refugees, and was descended probably from the ancient family of 
De Moulins. He died Feb. 21, 1621, "pious and well deserving, endowed also with considerable 
outward estate, and had it been the will of God that he had survived, might have proved a 
valuable instrument in his place." His will refers to his wife Alice and two children, who were 
left in England, a son William and a daughter Sarah. 

Wn^LiAM Pabodie, who married Elizabeth Alden, daughter of John Alden and Priscilla 
Molines, had a daughter Lydia (born April 3, 1667, died July 15, 1748,) who married Daniel 
Grinnell (2). 

Daniel Grinnell (2), by his wife Lydia (Pabodie) Grinnell, had Priscilla born 1689, Pa- 
bodie born 1691, and Oeorge^ born about 1700. These were probably all born at Saybrook, 
Conn., where the father had removed some time previous. 

Pabodie Grinnell eldest son of Daniel and Lydia (Pabodie) Grinnell, born in 1691, 

married Ruth Nettleton. 

• 

6COf0C 6llNNCllt (^) youngest child of Daniel (2) and Lydia (Pabodie) Grinnell, was born about 
1700 in Saybrook, Conn. He married Mary Bull, daughter of Edward, son of John Bull, 

John Bull was born at Dennington in the parish of Stowe, County of Gloucester, England, 
about 1637. His wife Hannah, as appears by the Saybrook records, was born at the same place, 
February 3, 1639. John Bull settled first in Hartford, Conn., and removed thence to Saybrook. 
He was probably engaged in the Pequot war, as his name appears in the list of those referred 
to in the following: 

" Feb. 7, 1678. The Town agreed that the Souldiers that went out of the Town in the 
Indian war shall have five acres apiece of Land, etc" John Bull, by his wife Hannah, had 
Edward and others. 

Edward Bull, son of John and Hannah Bull, was born in the parish of Stowe, County of 
Gloucestershire, England, September 12, 1662; came with his parents to New England and 
settled in Saybrook. He married Mary Post and had several children, of whom Mary was one. 
She was married to George Grinnell. 

George Grinnell, by his wife Mary (Bull) Grinnell, had seven children, of whom William 
was the eldest. 

millijllH GriNNClIt son of George and Mary (Bull) Grinnell, was born 1726. He married 
Mary 

William Grinnell died in 1761 as appears by the following, from the Colonial Records of 
Connecticut: 

** Upon the memorial of Daniel Grinnell, administrator of the estate of William Grinnell, 
late of Saybrook, deceased, representing to this Assembly that the debts and charges due from 
said estate surmount the personal estate of said deceased £79, 6s., 9d. lawful money, and pray- 



GRINNELL AND ALLIED FAMILIES. 86 

ing for liberty to sell so much of the real estate of said deceased as shall be sufficient to raise 
said sura with the incident charges arising thereon; Resolved, by this Assembly, that Joseph 
Spencer of Saybrook have liberty to sell so much of the real estate of said deceased as shall be 
sufficient to raise the said sum with the incident charges arising thereon, taking the directions 
of the Court of Probate in the district of Guilford therein." 

William Gi-innell by his wife Mary ( ) Grinnell, had a son George. 

6COf0C 6riNNCllt (2) son of William and Mary Grinnell, was born in Saybrook, Conn., July 
14, 1750; died at Greenfield, Mass., March 1, 1844. He married Lydia Stevens, daughter of 
Col. Jonathan Stevens, son of Capt. James Stevens, of Amherst, Mass. 

Capt. James Stevens, born November 31, 1686, lived in Amherst, Mass., married 1713 
Dorothy Frye, of Amherst, Mass. 

They had, among other children, Jonathan. 

Col. Jonathan Stevens, son of Capt. James and Dorothy (Frye) Stevens, was born at 
Andover, Mass., 1727. He served with distinction in the War of the Revolution. His first ser- 
vice was as private in Capt. Johnson's company, C'Ol. Johnson's raiment of Massachusetts 
militia. In the Historical Sketches of Andover, page 377, appears the following: 

'Tawlet, Oct. 1st, 1777. 

''Loving Sister : — This will inform you that I am very well at present, and have been so 
ever since I came from home, and I hope you and all my friends enjoy the same state of health. 

'* We have been up to Ticonderoga, and took almost four hundred prisoners of the British 
army and returned one hundred of our men that were prisoners there. 

'* Our army have come from Ticonderoga down as far as Pawlet, about sixty miles, and 
expect to march to Stillwater very soon. So no more at present. I remain 

Your loving brother, 

Jonathan Stevens. 
''To the Widow Lidia Peters in Andover." 

CoL Jonathan Stevens married Lydia Felch, daughter of Ebenezer Felch and Lydia 
handler. 

(Ebenezer Felch runs back to the Gov. Bradford line. An Ebenezer Felch born 1689, 
married Bridget Brown.) 

Col. Jonathan Stevens, by his wife Lydia Chandler, had issue Lydia, who married George 
GrinneU (1). 

George Grinnell, by his wife Lydia (Stevens) Grinnell, had Oeorge (3). 

I)0N. 6COf0C 6riNNCllt (3) son of George and Lydia (Stevens) Grinnell, was bom in Greenfield, 
Franklin Co., Mass., December 25, 1786; graduated at Dartmouth College in 1808; studied law 
and was admitted to the bar in 1811. One of his first speeches to attract public attention ap- 
pears to have been made in the year 1818, when he was only thirty years of age, at the conven- 
tion which decided upon the location of Amherst Academy, which afterwards became Amherst 
College. Of this convention the History of Amherst College says: 



36 SIGNERS OP THE MAYFLOWER COMPACT AND THEIR DESCENDANTS 

** After which George Grinnell, Esq., who was secretary of the Convention, left his seat, 
taking his place in the aisle, and also delivered a very powerful and effective speech, still keep- 
ing the full attention of the Convention. The speech produced a new and different feeling 
throughout the house ; and the result, when the vote was taken, was in favor of Amherst as 
the location of the College. The argument of Mr. Grinnell, delegate from the *Poll Parish' in 
Greenfield was particularly convincing and is said not only to have carried the suffrages of the 
Convention but to have brought him so favorably before the public as to have had not a little 
influence in preparing the way for his election to Congress." 

He was Prosecuting Attorney for Franklin County from 1824 to 1827, and was a represen- 
tative in Congress from Massachusetts 1829 to 1839, and during this period was associated with 
all the great statesmen of the age, among whom were Clay, Webster, Calhoun, Adams, Polk, 
as well as many of the lesser lights. He took a leading part in all the great questions of the 
day, and his name appears quite as often in the columns of the Congressional Record as that of 
any man in Congress. He introduced and carried through many important measures. Prob- 
ably no man in Congress did as much for improving the condition of the army, and in promot- 
ing the interests of the Revolutionary veterans and their widows and orphans as did he. Many 
a veteran or widow of a veteran would have become an inmate of the poorhouse or have been 
left to starve but for his efforts in calling the attention of Congress to their condition and intro- 
ducing measures for their relief. He urged upon Congress the increase of pay of army officers, 
which up to that time remained the same as during the Revolution. He introduced a resolu- 
tion " to inquire into the expediency of extending the benefits of five years' half pay now al- 
lowed by law to the widows and orphans of officers and soldiers of the militia and volunteers 
who died in the service of the United States; to the widows and orphans of officers and soldiers 
of the regular army who have died or shall die in the service, or in consequence of wounds re- 
ceived in the line of duty." 

Mr. Grinnell took strong grounds in favor of the abolition of slavery in the District of 
Columbia, and though not a pronounced Abolitionist, in the general sense was one of the pioneers 
in the movement which had its inception in that early day. 

In December, 1838, he introduced a resolution in the petition presented from certain in- 
habitants of Nantucket, praying Congress to open international relations with the Republic of 
Hayti. His most active opponent was Henry A. Wise, of Virginia. The Congressional Report 
states that: 

" Mr. Grinnell, who was entitled to the floor, addressed the House at some length in sup- 
port of the petition — a right, he insisted, which had never been denied by the veriest despot on 
earth. He then expatiated on the great advantages that would accrue to this country by 
opening commercial negotiations with, and acknowledging the independence of Hayti, where 
we now labored under great disadvantages, owing to the inequality of duties between goods 
carried in American vessels and in those of other nations which had recognized the nationality 
of that Republic. Mr. Grinnell admitted that it did look to one sort of abolition, and that 
alone, viz. : the abolition of national distinctions founded on color, to which he was at a loss to 
conceive any possible objections." 



GRINNBLL AND ALLIED FAMILIES 37 

On returning from Congress Mr. Grinnell gave his attention to the public affairs of his own 
State, and, though never an office-seeker, he held public office up to the day of his death. From 
1838 to 1859 he was a member of the Board of Trustees of Amherst College, and in 1854 the 
degree of LL. D. was conferred upon him by that institution. He was for four years — 1849 to 
1853 — Probate Judge of Franklin County. He was President of the Troy and Greenfield R. R. 
and was prominent in other business enterprises. In politics he was identified with the old 
Whig party, and as Presidential Elector in 1840 he voted for William Henry Harrison. He 
was foremost in all works of benevolence and public improvement in his native town. 

Mr. Grinnell married Eliza Seymour Perkins, daughter of Rev. Nathan Perkins, son of 
Nathan, son of Matthew, son of Deacon Joseph, son of Jacob, vson of Joseph, son of John 
Perkins the ancestor. 

The family of Perkins were originally settled in Warwickshire, and became possessed of 
the manors of Orton-on-the-Hill, Morebarne, Beanhills, and the Westons by purchase in the 
reign of Charles II. They bore Arms : Sable, an eagle, displayed, ppr., on a canton, dexter 
argent, a fesse, dancette, of the first; quartering, Steele, Farmer, Beardsley, Shirley, Duncomb, 
Kirkpatrick, Sharpe ; Crest : a unicorn's head, issuing out of a dacal coronet. Motto; Toujours 
loyale, 

John Perkins, the ancestor, was born at Newent, England, in 1590; died at Ipswich, Mass , 
1654. He sailed in the ship Lyon for New England in 1630; arrived at Boston 1631; removed 
thence to Ipswich in 1633; admitted freeman, 1631; representation to the General Court, 1636, 
He married, about 1613, Judith , and had issue Jacob and other children. 

Jacob Perkins, son of John and Judith Perkins, was born in England, 1624; came to New 
England with his parents at the age of seven. He died at Ipswich, Mass., Jan. 29, 1700. He 
was a farmer and Sergeant of the train band. He married, first, in 1647, Elizabeth Lovell, 
daughter of Thomas Lovell. He married, second, Mrs. Demaris Robinson, widow of Nathaniel 
Robinson, of Boston. By his first wife he had Joseph and others. 

Deacon Joseph Perkins, tenth child of Jacob and Elizabeth (Lovell) Perkins, was born at 
Ipswich, Mass., June 21, 1674; died at Norwich, Conn., Sept. 6, 1726. He married Martha, 
daughter of Joseph and Dorothy (Parke) Morgan, (born 1680, died Sept. 6, 1726). The inven- 
tory of his estate was £2787, and included three farms, viz.: the homestead of 310 acres, and 
two others comprising nearly 1000 acres. By his wife, Dorothy (Morgan) Perkins, he had 
Matthew and other children. 

Matthew Perkins, son of Joseph and Dorothy (Morgan) Perkins, was born at Norwich 
Conn., Aug. 31, 1713; died at Lisbon, Conn., May 3, 1773. He was a prosperous farmer and 
owned 1000 acres of land. He married Hannah Bishop. They had twelve children, among 
whom was Rev. Nathan Perkins, D. D. 

Rev. Nathan Perkins, D. D., son of Matthew and Hannah (Bishop) Perkins, was born May 
12, 1749, and died June 18, 1838. He was for sixty-five years pastor of the church at West 
Hartford. He married Catharine Pitkin, born Feb. 22, 1757, daughter of Rev. Timothy Pitkin, 
of Farraington, Conn., son of Governor William (3), son of William (2), son of William Pitkin 
the ancestor. 



38 SIGNERS OP THE MAcYPLOWER COMPACT AND THEIR DESCENDANTS. 

Hon. VVn^LiAM Pitkin, the progenitor of the family in America, who came from England 
in 1659, was possessed of great ability and tenacity of purpose. He was admitted freeman Oct. 
9, 1662, and was appointed the same year Prosecutor for the Colony, and was appointed, by the 
King, Attorney General in 1664. From 1675 to 1690, a period of fifteen years, he annually rep- 
resented Hartford in the Colonial Assembly. In 1676 he was chosen Treasurer of the Colony. 
He was often appointed by the Colony of Connecticut Commissioner to the United Colonies. 
In 1676 he and Major Talcott were appointed to negotiate peace with the Narragansett and 
other Indians. In 1690 he was elected a member of the Colonial Council, and continued to 
hold this position until his death. He was one of the principal planters of the Colony, having 
pui chased a large tract of land on the east side of the river. 

He married Hannah, daughter of Hon. Ozias and Mary (Woodward) Goodwin, the progenitor 
of the Goodwin family in Connecticut. The latter was born in England, 1596, and came to 
New England in company with Rev. Thomas Hooker and others. His wife was the daughter 
of Robert Woodward, of Braintree; County Essex, England. William Pitkin, by his wife 
Hannah (Goodwin) Pitkin, had eight children, of whom William (2) was the second. 

• 

Hon. William Pitkin (2), son of William (l)and Hannah (Goodwin) Pitkin, was born 1664; 
died April 5, 1723. He was educated by his father in the profession of the law. He was Judge 
of the County and Probate Courts, and Court of the Assistants from 1702 till 1711. Upon the 
establishment of the Superior Court, in 1711, he was appointed Judge of that Court, and in 
1713 he was made Chief Justice of the Supreme Court. He represented Hartford in the General 
Assembly in 1696. In 1697 he was elected one of the Council of the Colony and was annually 
re-elected for twenty-six years till his death. He was one of the commissioners to receive the 
Earl of Belmont on his arrival in New York. He was Commissioner of War 1706-7. He was 
one of the committee to prepare the manuscript laws of the Colony in 1709; also committee on 
the revision of the laws. In 1718 he was appointed one of a committee of three by the General 
Assembly to build the first State House in the Colony at Hartford. He was a military officer 
in the company of his brother Roger. He built, in 17u6,- two fulling mills at Pitkin Falls, and 
did a large business in clothing and woolens in addition to his professional labors. He mar- 
ried, Oct. 24, 1669, Elizabeth, daughter of Capt. Caleb Stanley, and sister of his brother Roger 
Pitkin's wife. They had eleven children, of whon:i William (3) was the fourth child and 
eldest son. 

Governor William Pitkin (3), son of Hon WiUiam (2) and Elizabeth (Stanley) Pitkin, was 
born April 30, 1694; died Oct. 1, 1769. He was distinguished both in public and private life. 
He acquired from his father a thorough knowledge of business and public affairs, particularly 
of the laws and policy of the Colony. This, with his natural courtesy and ease of manner, soon 
brought him prominently before the public. He represented Hartford in the Colonial Assembly 
from 1728 to 1734. He was appointed Captain of the ** train band*' in 1730, and rose to the rank 
of Colonel in 1739. He was elected Speaker of the House in 1732, and was elected to the 
Council in 1734. He was Judge of the County Court from 1735 to 1752. He was appointed 
Judge of the Superior Court in 1741. He was Chief Justice of the Superior Court twelve years, 



GRINNELL AND ALLIED FAMILIES. 39 

and Lieutenant Governor from 1754 to 1766, about twelve years. He was a strong advocate of 
colonial rights, and the first in the Colony to resist the '* Stamp Act," which was passed in 
176o, when Fitch was Governor and Pitkin Lieutenant Governor. When Governor Fitch and 
others of his Council, who thought it their duty, were taking the oath to support the '* Stamp 
Act," Lieut-Gov. Trumbull and others of the Council remonstrated and left the Council Cham- 
bers while the oath was taken by Governor Fitch and his supporters. At the next election, 
May, 1766, when both Fitch and Pitkin were candidates for Governor, Pitkin was elected by a 
majority '*so great," says the Connecticut Gazette of the day, "that the votes were not counted." 
The great popularity of Governor Pitkin and his policy in resisting the ** Stamp Act," and his 
sudden removal by death while in office, gave to his deputy, Trumbull, the Governorship at the 
following election. 

At the first meeting of the Colonies to form a plan of union, in 1754, Lieut-Gov. Pitkin and 

.five others, with Benjamin Franklin as chairman, were chosen a committee by the Colonies, 

to meet at Albany, N. Y., and prepare a Constitution. The plan then presented was the germ 

of the Articles of Confederation, rearranged by Franklin in 1775, and adopted in 1777, under 

which the Colonies lived till the adoption of the Federal Constitution. 

Governor Pitkin married Mary Woodbridge, daughter of* Rev. Timothy and Mabel 
(Wyllys) Woodbridge, the sixth minister of the First Church of Hartford, son of Rev. John (2), 
son of Rev. John Woodbridge (1). 

Rev. John Woodbridge, of England, died Dec. 9, 1637, was rector of the parish of Stanton, 
near Highworth in Wiltshire, and a man *' so able and faithful," says Cotton Mather, '*as 
to obtain a high esteem among those that at all know the invaluable worth of such a minister." 
He married Sarah Parker, daughter of Rev. Robert Parker, a learned English divine, *' who did 
so virtuously that her own personal character would have made her highly esteemed if a rela- 
tion to such a father had not farther added unto the lustre of her character." They had issue, 
John (2). 

Rev. John Woodbridge (2), son of Rev. John (1) and Sarah (Parker) Woodbridge, was born 
1613, died July 1, 1691. He became a Nonconformist, and at the age of twenty-one came to 
New England in the ship '* Mary and John," in company with his uncle. Rev. Thomas Parker, 
and settled in Newbury, Mass. In 1643 he taught school in Boston. He, with others, negoti 
ated the purchase from the Indians of the plantations on which the town of Andover grew up. 
He was ordained at Andover, Oct. 24, 1645, this being one of the earliest, if not the earliest, 
of the regular ordinations in New England. He returned in 1647 to England with his wife and 
family; was Chaplain of the Parliamentary Commissioners who treated with the King at the 
Isle of Wight, and afterwards minister at Andover, Hants and Barford, St. Martin (Wiltshire), 
until he was ejected at the Restoration. He returned to New England in 1663, and was made 
assistant to his uncle. Rev. Thomas Parker, at Newbury, remaining in office till Nov. 3, 1670. 
He was assistant of the Massachusetts Colony, 1683 4, and died at Newbury, March 17, 1695. 
He married Mercy Dudley (born Sept. 27, 1621, died July 1, 1691), daughter of Governor Thomas 
Dudley of the Massachusetts Colony. 



40 8IGNBRS OF THE MAYFLOWER COMPACT AND THEIR DESCENDANTS. 

Governor Thomas Dudley, third Governor of Massachusetts Bay, was born in Northamp- 
tonshire, Enpjland, in 1576; died at Roxbury, Mass., July 31, 1653. He was the son of Capt. 
Roger Dudley. He obtained leave from Queen Elizabeth to volunteer his services under Henry 
IV, of France, says a tradition, at the siege of Amiens, and afterward helped to retrieve the for- 
tune of the Earl of Lincoln by the faithful stewardship of his estates. A principal member of 
the Massachusetts Company which settled in Boston and vicinity, he came over in 1630 with 
the commission of Deputy Governor, which office he held till 1640, and again from 1645 till 
1650. In 1644 he was appointed Major General of the Colony. After residing in Cambridge, 
Ipswich and Boston, he finally settled in Roxbury, where his estate was long possessed by his 
descendants. By his wife Dorothy he had Mercy and other children. 

Mercy Dudley, daughter of Governor Thomas and Dorothy ( — ^^—) Dudley, was baptized 
in England Sept. 27, 1621. She was married to Rev. John Woodbridge. 

Rev. John Woodbridge, by his wife Mercy (Dudley) Woodbridge, had issue Timothy 
and others. 

Rev. Timothy Woodbridge, son of Rev. John and Mercy (Dudley) Woodbridge, was born 
at Barford, St. Martins (Wilts) ; came (on his father's return) to New England in 
1663; graduated at Harvard College in 1675 ; became a member of the First Church in Hart- 
ford, Conn., in 1683, but was not ordained till Nov. 1685. He was one of the principal ministers 
of the Connecticut Colony named as trustees and authorized by the General Assembly of Con- 
necticut to found Yale College in 1699; was a Fellow of Yale from 1700 to 1732, and was offered 
the Rectorship after the resignation of Rector Cutler in 1722 ; was a prominent member of the 
Say brook Convention in 1708. He married Mehitahley daughter of Samuel Wyllys, widow of 
Rev. Isaac Foster, and also of Rev. Daniel Russell, of Chaiiestown, Mass. 

Samuel Wyllys, the father of Mehitable Woodbridge was the son of Governor George 
Wyllys. 

Governor George Wyllys, born at Fenny Compton, County Warwick, was the son of 
Richard Wyllys and Hester, daughter of George Chambers of Willianiscote, County Oxford, 
Eng. His pedigree is traced back in England for several generations. In Camden's Visitation 
of Warwickshire in 1619 George Wyllys is described as living at Fenny Compton, with 
his wife Bridget, daughter of William Young, of Kingston Hall. The name of the wife he 

brought with him to New England was Mary , probably a second wife. In 1636 he sent 

his steward, William Gibbons, with twenty men, to Hartford to purchase and prepare for him 
a farm and dwelling house, and have everything in readiness for himself and family. He had 
been a partner with Robert Salstonstall and WiUiam Whiting in the Dover and Piscataqua 
patents. His homestead included the site of the famous Charter Oak. He married in Hart- 
ford in 1638 , was chosen magistrate April 11, 1639 ; again in 1640, '43 and '44 ; Deputy Gover- 
nor 1641, Governor 1642, and was one of the Commissioners of the United Colonies. He died 
in Hartford, March 9, 1644. His fourth child was Samuel 

Samuel Wyllys, son of Governor George Wyllys, was born in 1632 in England; came 
with his parents to New England and was graduated at Harvard College, 1653. He was chosen 



/' 



GRINNELL AND ALLIED FAMILIES. 41 

magistrate in 1654, and continued in that office until 1685. In the absence of the Governor and 
Deputy Governor he was repeatedly appointed Moderator of the General Court. In 1661-2. 1664 
and 1667 he was one of the Connecticut Commissioners for the United Colonies. He was 
extensively engaged in trade and often absent from the Colony conducting his business affairs 
with the West Indies. He was Assistant, 1680 to 1683. He married Ruth, daughter of 
Governor John Haynes. 

Governor John Haynes, born 1594, w^as the son of John Haynes, of Old Holt, who 
purchased the manor and estate of Copford Hall. He came to New England in the 
** Griffin," arriving Sept. 3, 1633, with Rev. Thomas Hooker. He was admitted a freeman of 
Massachusetts May 14, 1634; chosen Assistant and Governor next year; again Assistant in 
1636. He removed in May, 1637, to Hartford, Conn.; of which he was an original proprietor. 
He presided over the deliberations of the General Court, November, 1637, and continued to do 
so until he was chosen the first Governor of Connecticut, April 11, 1639. He was elected 
Governor alternate years until his death, and chosen Deputy Governor 1640, '44, '46, '50, '52, 
interchanging with Edward Hopkins. He married, Dec. 27, 1614, Mabel Harlakenden, daughter 
of Richard Harlakenden, of Earle's Colne Priory, County Essex ; she was baptized at Earle's 
Colne, Dec. 27, 1614. Her pedigree extends in an unbroken line to William the Conqueror. 
By his wife, Mabel Harlakenden, Governor Haynes had a daughter, Ruth, who was married to 
Samuel Wyllys. 

Samuel Wyllys (son of Governor George Wyllys) had, by his wife Ruth (Haynes) Wyllys, 
a daughter Mehitable, who was married to Rev. Timothy Woodbridge. 

Rev. Timothy Woodbridge, by his wife, Mehi table (Wyllys) Woodbridge, (widow of Rev. 
Isaac Foster, also of Rev. Daniel Russell) had issue, Mary, who married Governor William 
Pitkin. 

Governor William Pitkin, by his wife Mary (Woodbridge) Pitkin, had issue five children, 
of whom Rev. Timothy Pitkin was the second. 

Rev. Timothy Pitkin, son of Gov. William and Mary Woodbridge Pitkin, was born June 
13, 1727 ; died July 18, 1812. He was graduated at Yale in 1747 ; tutor there 1750 to 1751 ; from 
1777 to 1804 was a Fellow of the Yale College Corporation ; was one of the beneficiaries of Yale 
to the amount of one hundred and fifty pounds (£150). He studied theology and was installed 
pastor of the Congregational Church at Farmington, Conn. He was one of the trustees of 
Yale College for many years, and when Dartmouth (N. H.) College was instituted he was 
chosen one of the Board of Trustees for it. 

He married Temperance Clap, daughter of Rev. Thomas and Mary (Whiting) Clap, son of 
Stephen, son of Samuel, son of Thomas, son of Richard Clap, of England. 

Deacon Thomas Clap, son of Richard, was born in Dorchester, Eng. ; in 1597 came to 
New England with his brothers John and Richard. He was at Dorchester, Weymouth, and 
in 1640 settled at Scituate. He was admitted freeman in 1636 ; deacon of the church at Scitu- 
ate and a representative of the General Court. He married Abigal and had issue, Samuel. 



n 



42 SIGNERS OF THE MAYFLOWER COMPACT AND THEIR DESCENDANTS. 

Major Samuel Clap, son of Deacon Thomas and Abigal Clap, was born about 1641. He 
succeeded to his father's residence. He was Major of militia and a man of some importance in 
town. He married Hannah, daughter of Thomas Gill, who married Hannah, daughter of the 
first John Otis. They had ten children of whom Stephen was the third. 

Lieut, (and Deacon) Stephen Clap, son of Major Samuel and Hannah (Gill) Clap, was 
born at Scituate, Mass., in 1670. He was deacon of the church, Ensign and Lieutenant of the 
** train band." He married Temperance Gorham, daughter of John Gorham son of Capt. John 
Gorham. 

Capt. John Gorham, son of Ralph, was born in England, baptized at Benefield, Northamp- 
tonshire, June 28, 1621. His father Ralph and grandfather James, resided at Benefield North- ' 
hamptonshire. His descent is traced from De Goran of La Janniere near Gorran in Maine, on 
the borders of Brittany. He came with his father Ralph to Plymouth in 1637. He commanded 
a company in the sanguinary battle at the **8wamp Fort" in the Narraganset country, Dec. 19, 
1675, and died from exposure and fatigue at the age of 54. He married Desire, eldest daughter 
of John Rowland the Pilgrim in 1643. 

JObll 1)0WljllMlt the Pilgrim, thirteenth signer of the Mayflower Compact, was born in 
Essex County, England, in 1593. Bradford in his journal makes the following reference to him 
on the Mayflower voyage : ** In a mighty storm John Howland, a passenger, a stout young 
man, by a keel of ye ship, was thrown into the sea. But pleased God, he caught hold of ye 
Topsail Halliards we hung overboard, and run out ye length, yet he kept his hold the several 
fathoms under water, till he was drawn up by ye rope to ye surface, and by a boat hook and 
other means got into ye ship ; and tho' sorae't iU upon it liv'd many years, and became a useful 
member both in church and Commonwealth." He **tookto wife" Elizabeth, daughter of John 
Tilley. 

JObll CHICVt sixteenth signer of the Mayflower Compact, was born in England about 1582. 
He married Elizabeth (Carver) for his first wife, and by her had a daughter Elizabeth. 

Elizabeth Tilley, daughter of John Tilley and Elizabeth (Carver) Tilley, was born 1607; 
died Dec. 20, 1687; married Aug. 14, 1623, John Howland. 

John Howland by his wife Elizabeth (Tilley) Howland, had, among other children, a 
daughter Desire, (named from Desire Minten, who was a kind friend of her mother's orphaned 
girlhood); married Capt. John Gorham in 1643. 

Capt. John Gorham, by his wife Desire (Howland) Gorham, had ten children, of whom 
John (2) was the third. 

Lieut. Col John Gorham, son of John (1) and Desire (Howland) Gorham, was born in 
Marshfield, Mass., Feb. 20, 1651. He served under his father in King Philip's war. On June 
5, 1690, he was appointed a Captain in the unfortunate Canada expedition, and subsequently 
Lieut. Colonel of the militia. He was a man of sound judgment and good business capacity. 
He died Dec. 9, 1716. He married, Feb. 16, 1694, Mary, daughter of John Otis, and sister of 



GBIM9ELL AND ALLIED FAMILIES. 43 

the famous Colonel John Otis. They had nine children, of whom Temperance was the second. 

Trmperance GrORHAM^ daughter of Lieut. Colonel John and Mary (Otis) Gorbam, was born 
Aug. 2, 1678; married Stephen Clap. 

Stephen Clap, by his wife Temperance (Gorbam) Clap, had a son Thomas. 

Rev. Thomas Clap, son of Stephen and Temperance (Gorbam) Clap, was born in 1703; 
died in 1765; graduated at Harvard College in 1722, and was one of the most distinguished men 
of his time. He was ordained at Windham, Conn., 1726, chosen President of Tale College 
1740 and continued in the chair until 1764, when he resigned. President Stiles says of him: 
** He studied the higher branches of mathematics and was one of the first philosophers America 
has produced, and equaled by no man except the most learned Professor Winthrop." As Presi- 
dent he was most indefatigable and successful in promoting the interests of learning and raising 
the rank of his college. He married Mary Whiting, daughter of Rev. Samuel, son of Rev. 
John, son of William Whiting the ancestor. 

Hon. Wm. Whiting, the American ancestor of the Connecticut branch of the Whiting 
family, came to New England in 1633, and resided for three years in Newtown (now Cam- 
bridge), removing thence with Rev. Thomas Hooker and others to Hartford, Conn., of which 
he was an original proprietor. Frequent mention is made of him as "one of the fathers of the 
colony." He was referred to in the town records as **William Whiting, Gentleman." He was 
several times representative to the Greneral Court; was one of the Magistrates in 1642, was 
chosen Treasurer of the Colony in 1641, and continued in that office till his death. By his wife 
Susanna, he had issue, John, 

Rev. John Whiting, son of Hon. William and Susanna ( ) Whiting, was born in 

1625, graduated at Harvard College in 1653 ; preached several years at Salem, Mass., was or- 
dained over the First Church in Hartford, Conn., 1660. He married Sybil Collins, daughter of 
Deacon Edward Collins of Cambridge, and had a son, Samuel. 

Rev. Samuel Whiting, son of Rev. John and Sybil (Collins) Whiting, was born at Hart- 
ford, Conn., in 1670 ; died at Enfield, Conn., in 1725. He married Elizabeth Adams, daughter 
of Rev. William Adams, of Dedham, Mass. 

Rev. William Adams, (son of William (2) son of William Adams (1) of Cambridge, in 
1635, or earlier, was born at Ipswich, Mass., May 27, 1650, died Nov. 17, 1685 ; married 1st, 
Mary, daughter of William Manning ; married 2nd, Alice, daughter of Major William Bradford, 
son of Governor William Bradford. (See page 19.) 

They had issue, Elizabeth Adams, born Feb. 23, 1680, who was married Sept. 4, 1696, to 
Rev. Samuel Whiting. 

Rev. Samuel Whiting, by his wife Elizabeth (Adams) Whiting, had several children, 
among whom was Mary. 

Mary Whiting, daughter of Rev. Samuel Whiting was born in 1712, married Nov. 23, 
1727, Rev. Thomas Clap. 



44 SIGNERS OP THE MAYFLOWER COMPACT AND THEIR DESCENDANTS. 

Rev. Thomas Clap, by his wife Mary (Whiting) Clap had issue, Temperance and Anne. 

Temperance Clap, eldest child of Rev. Thomas and Mary (Whiting) Clap, was born April 
29, 1732 ; she married Rev. Timothy Pitkin. 

Rev. Timothy Pffkin, by his wife Temperance (Clap) Pitkin had eight children, the second 
of whom was Catharine. 

Catharine Pitkin, second child and eldest daughter of Rev. Timothy and Temperance 
(Clap) Pitkin, was born Feb. 22, 1767, married Rev. Nathan Perkins. 

Rev. Nathan Perkins, D. D., by his wife Catharine (Pitkin) Perkins, had a son, Nathan. 

Rev. Nathan Perkins (2), son of Rev. Nathan and Catharine (Pitkin) Perkins, was born 
at West Hartford, Conn., Aug. 26, 1776. He was graduated at Yale and preached for a number 
of years at Amherst. 

He married Mabel Seymour, daughter of Col. Timothy Seymour, son of Capt. Timothy, 
son of Timothy, son of John, son of John, son of Richard. 

Richard Seymour, the ancestor, was one of the original settlers of Hartford in 1636. He 

removed to Norwalk in 1651, where he died in 1655. By his wife Mei-cy he had a son, 

John, died 1713 ; married Mary Watson and had John (2). 

John Seymour, son of John and Mary (Watson) Seymour, was born at Hartford, Conn., 
June 12, 1666; died there May 7, 1748. He married, Dec. 19, 1693, Elizabeth Webster, daughter 
of Robert, son of Governor John Webster. 

Governor John Webster was one of the original settlers of Hartford in 1636, and was 
said to have come from County Warwick, England. He was a representative to the General 
Court, May, 1637; Magistrate 1639 to 1655, when he was made Deputy Governor, and next year 
Governor. In the great contest about church government he took sides with Rev. Mr. Russell, 
of Wethersfield, which resulted in his removal, with others, in 1659, to found the town of 
Hadley, Mass. He was admitted freeman of Massachusetts in May, 1660; made Magistrate 
there, and died there April 5, 1661. He married and had a son, Robert. 

Robert Webster, son of Governor John and — Webster, was born about 1620; died 

1676. He resided in Hartford and removed thence to Middletown. He married Susanna, 
daughter of Richard Treat. 

Richard Treat was born in England, probably London, about 1590; died in Wethersfield, 
Conn., 1669. He was a leading man in the Colony and held many public offices, and was pne 
of the nineteen to whom the charter of Connecticut was granted April 23, 1662. He married, 

first, Joanna ; second, Alice Gaylord, who survived him. He had, among other children, 

Gt)vernor Robert and Stisanna, who married Robert Webster. 

Egbert Webster, by his wife Susanna (Treat) Webster, had Elizabeth, who married John 
Seymour. 

John Seymour, by his wife Elizabeth Webster, had Timothy. 

Timothy Seymour, son of John and Elizabeth (Webster) Seymour, was born at Hartford, 
Conn., June 27, 1696; died at West Hartford, Sept. 8, 1749. He married, April 27, 1727, Rachel 



GRINNELL AND ALLIED FAMILIES 45 

Allen (born Aug. 20, lf)94), daughter of Edward and Rachel (Steele) Allen, of Boston. They 
had Timothy. 

Captain Timothy Seymour, son of Timothy and Rachel (Allen) Seymour, was born Feb. 
21, 1728; died 17S4; married Dec. 1, 1748, Lydia Kellogg (born July 22, 1729; died Nov. 6, 1810). 

Col. Timothy Seymour, son of Capt. Timothy and Lydia (Kellogg) Seymour, was born in 
West Hartford about 1760. He married Abigal Skinner, daughter of Timothy, son of John (3), 
son of John (2), son of John (1). 

John Skinner, of Hartford, was one of Rev. Thomas Hooker's party and was an original 
proprietor. It is supposed he came from Braintree, County Essex, England. He married Mary, 
daughter of Joseph Loomis, Sen., and had John. 

John Skinner (2), son of John (1) and Mary (Loomis) Skinner, was born in 1641; died Oct. 
27, 1743. He married Mary, daughter of Joseph Easton, and had John (3). 

John Skinner (3), son of John (2) and Mary (Easton) Skinner, was born March 1, 1667. He 
married Rachel Pratt ; died Aug. 17, 1748, aged 77. They had a son Timothy. 

Timothy Skinner, son of John and Rachel (Pratt) Skinner, was born . He married 

Ruth Colton, daughter of Rev. Benjamin Colton, son of Ephraim, son of George. 

George Colton, known in the record by the title of Quartermaster, is said to have come 
from a town in England called Sutton Cofield. He settled first in Windsor, Conn., and married 
Deborah Gardner. He removed to Hartford and was one of the first settlers of that part of 
Springfield, Mass., called Long Meadow. He had nine children, of whom Ephraim was second. 

Ephraim Colton, son of George and Deborah (Gardner) Colton, was born April 9, 1648. 
He married, first, Mary Drake, who died Oct. 19, 1781; second, Esther Marshfield, daughter of 
Samuel and Catharine Marshfield (she was born Sept. 6, 1667). They had thirteen children, of 
whom Benjamin was the third. 

Rev. Benjamin Colton, son of Ephraim and Esther (Marshfield) Colton, was born in 1690 
and died 1759. He was ordained pastor of the Congregational Church in West Hartford, Feb. 
24, 1713, and continued his labors there till his death, March 1, 1759. He married Ruth Taylor, 
daughter of Rev. Edward Taylor. 

Rev. Edward Taylor was born at Coventry, England, 1642; came over from Sketchley, 
Leicestershire, Eng., in 1668: graduated at Harvard 1671, and settled at Westfield, Mass., the 
same year; was ordained the day the church was organized, and, as was the custom, preached 
his own ordination sermon. He was Calvanistic in his doctrine, a man of sincere piety and 
exemplary behavior. He had some knowledge of medicine and ministered to disease of the 
body as well as soul. He was three times married: first to Elizabeth Fitch, of Norwich, Conn.; 
second to Ruth Wyllys, of Hartford, Conn., daughter of Hon. Samuel Wyllys, and to Ruth 
Haynes, daughter of Gov. John Haynes, who married Mabel Harlakenden. (See Perkins, Pit- 
kin and Woodbridge families for details of same line.) 



4fi SIGNERS OP THE MAYFLOWER COMPACT AND THEIR DESCENDANTS. 

Rev. Edward Taylor, by his wife Ruth (Wyllys) Taylor, had a daughter Ruth, who mar- 
ried Rev. Benjamin Colton. 

Between the lines of Hon. George Grinnell and his children, through the various marriages, 
there are six governors, eleven clergymen, and direct descendants of five signers of the May- 
flower Compact. 

Hon. George Grinnell, by Eliza Seymour (Perkins) Grinnell, bi& wife, had: 

James Seymour Grinnell, b. July 24, 1821; m. Kate (Russell) Denison, June 19, 1879. 

George Blake Grinnell, b. November 11, 1823; m. Helen Alvord Lansing December 21, 

1848. 

Helen Eliza Grinnell, b. August 13, 1828; m. George Milne, of England, September 6, 
1847. 

WiLUAM Fowler Grinnell, b. June 2, 1831; m. Mary Morton, February 27, 1866. 

Thomas Perkins Grinnell, b. July 16, 1833; m. E. Augusta Aycrigg, December, 1859. 

Harriet Campfield Grinnell, b. February 27, 1836; m. Michael McCulloch, February 28, 
1862. 

Ella L. Grinnell, b. June 19, 1839; m. Thomas W. Ripley, January 29, 1868. 

6COr0( BIJikC 6fllllldlt son of Hon. George and Eliza Seymour (Perkins) Grinnell, was 
born in Greenfield, Franklin County, Mass., November 11, 1823; died December 19, 1891. 

His first knowledge of business was acquired under the instruction of his uncle, James 
Seymour, then engaged in the banking business at Auburn, N. Y. In 1843, before he reached his 
majority, he obtained a position with his cousin, Geo. Bird, a large wholesale New York dry goods 
house, where his business qualifications were rewarded by a partnership in the course of a few 
years. He became a partner in 1850, and soon after the death of his cousin in 1857 he formed 
a copartnership with Levi P. Morton (afterward Governor of the* State of New York) under the 
firm name of Morton, Grinnell & Co., in the wholesale commission dry goods business. This 
was one of the best known firms in the country, and continued in successful operation until the 
breaking out of the Civil War, when the entire loss of a large Southern trade compelled the firm 
to suspend and settle with their creditors on a basis of thirty-three and a third per cent. He 
subsequently engaged in the banking business and was very successful. In 1873, prior to the 
great financial panic, he called his creditors together and settled his own and his old firm's in- 
debtedness, a balance of sixty-six and two-thirds cents on the dollar, with interest at seven per 
cent, from 1861 to 1873, a period of twelve years. His investments, which were largely in up- 
town real estate, evinced great wisdom and foresight. 

Mr. Grinnell married Helen Alvord Lansing, daughter of Rev. Dirck Cornelius Lansing, 
son of Abraham Jacob, son of Jacob, son of Frederick. 

Frederick Gerrit Lansing, son of Frederick Lansing, of the town of Hassel, in the Prov- 
ince of Overyssell, came to New Amsterdam with three sons to Rennselaerwyck about 1650; 



GRINNELL AND ALLIED FAMILIES. 47 

with his three daughters, he had seven children, of whom Hendrick was the second. 

Hendrick Lansing, son of Gerrit Frederick, was horn probably in Hassel He married 
Lysbet , and had five children, of whom the second was Jacob. 

Jacob Lansing, son of Hendrick and Lisbeth Lansing, was born about 1679; died 

Oct. 7, 1756. He married, Sept. 27, 1701, Helena Prayn, daughter of Frans Jan Pruyn. 

Francis Pruyn or Pruen, called Frans Jansen the son of John Pruyn, was in Albany, with 
his wife Seltje, as early as 1665. Being a Papist, he refused, in January, 1699, to take the oath 
of allegiance to King William, but expressed himself as willing to swear fidelity. His son John, 
however, subscribed to the oath. His wife joined the Reformed Protestant Dutch Church. 
They had thirteen children, of whom Helena was the tenth. She married Jacob Lansing, 

Jacob Lansing, by his wife Helen (Pruyn) Lansing, had ten children, of whom Abraham 
was the ninth. 

Abraham Jacob Lansing, ninth child of Jacob and Helena (Pruyn) Lansing, was baptized 
April 24, 1720. He married Catharine, daughter of Levinus Lieverse and Oatryna Van der 
Bergh (bap. March 6, 1728). He was known as the patroon. He founded the present town of 
Lansingburg, having acquired the patent in 1767. He died Oct. 14, 1791. His wife Catharina 
died the morning of the day before, in the sixty-ninth year of her age. They had, besides 
daughters, sons Jacob A., Levinus and Cornelius, The name of Abraham Lansing appears 
among the signers of the Articles of Association^ May 22, 1775. 

CORNEUUS Lansii^g, son of Abraham, was baptized July 6, 1752; died April 23, 1842 He 
lived in what is now known as the Abbey property. He married Hester Van Der Heyden, and 
had issue Dirck Comelivs. 

Rev. Dirck Cornelius Lansing, D. D., son of Cornelius and Hester (Van Der Heyden) 
Lansing, was born at Lansingburg, N. Y., March 3, 1785. He was graduated at Yale in 1804; 
studied theology with Rev. Dr. Blatchford, of Lansingburg. He had seven pastorates, but the 
longest and with the largest success at Auburn. He was the original projector of Auburn The- 
ological Seminary, and while pastor there acted as its financial agent and raised, personally, more 
than $100,000 for its endowment, and filled for some time also the chair of Sacred Rhetoric in 
the Seminary. He married Laura Alexander, daughter of Rev. Caleb Alexander. (She was 
born July 30, 1793, and died March 6, 1831). 

Rev. Caleb Alexander was born in Northfield, Mass., July 22, 1765. He was elected, 
July 22, 1812, the first President of Hamiltotl College, but did not accept. He married Lucina 
Strong, daughter of Rev. Thomas Strong and Mehitable Stebbins, and grandson of Elder Eben- 
ezer Strong, son of Elder John Strong. 

Rev. Dirck Cornelius Lansing, by his wife Laura (Alexander) Lansing, had issue Helen 
Alvord, who married George B. Grinnell. 

WiLUAM Fowler Grinnell, son of Hon. George and Eliza Seymour (Perkins) Grinnell 
was born in Greenfield, Franklin County, Mass., June 2, 1831. He came to New York as a boy 



48 GRINNELL AND ALLIED FAMILIES. 

and for some years engaged in mercantile pursuits, being at one time partner in the firm of 
Morton, Grinnell & Co. Later he was a stock broker. In 1877 he was appointed by President 
Hayes United States Consul at St. Etienne, France, and since then has been continuously in the 
consular service. He has conducted with great ability and credit the consular offices at Bremen, 
Germany, and at Bradford and Manchester, England. 

William Fowler Grinnell married February 27, 185t>, Mary Morton, fifth child of Rev. 
Daniel Oliver, and Lucretia Parsons Morton. 

George Morton, the ancestor, was born about 1585 in Austerfield, Yorkshire, England. 
He married Juliana Carpenter and came to Plymouth on the Ann, early in June, 1623. 

Hon. John Morton, 2nd son of George, married Lettice ( ) and had John. 

John Morton, son of Hon. John, married Mary Ring, grand-daughter of Stephen Hopkins, 
of the Mayflower, and had Ebenezer. 

Captain Ebenezer Morton, fourth child of John, married Mrs. Sarah Cobb, and had a son 
Ebenezer. 

Ebenezer Morton, son of Capt. Ebenezer, married Mercy Foster. Their fourth child was 
a son, Livv. 

LiVY Morton, son of Ebenezer Morton, married Hannah Dailey. 

Rev. Daniel Oliver Morton, son of Livy Morton, married Lucretia Parsons. 



The Spencer and Allied Families. 



Descendants of Gerrard Spencer, of England. 

Recent research has brought to hght the fact that there were four brothers by the 
name of Spencer, viz., William, Thomas, Michael and Jerrard, living in New England at the 
same time, and that these were the sons of Gerrard Spencer, of Stotfold, Bedfordshire, Eng- 
land. The name Gerrard was a surname and no doubt derived through the marriage of one of 
his immediate ancestors with a Gerrard, showing that he was evidently a descendant of this 
ancient and distinguished family. ^ 

While there may be still one or two missing links in the English line, the origin and 
antiquity of the Spencer family is fully established. It begins with 

Juan Viscount Constantine, who married Ermine, Sir Alini Cometes Britanie. 

Hudardus Dominus de Dutton, married Alicia de Dutton. 

Sir Hugo Dominus de Dutton. 

Hugh qui fuit le Despenser (Henry I, 1100-1135). 

Thurston le Despenser. 

Americus le Despenser de Stanley, married Eldai Blewett. 

Thomas le Despenser. 

Sir Galfridus le Despenser, 1251. 

Collins' Peerage states that "The family of Spencers were made peers by James I, by the 
title of Lord Spencer of Wormleighton, and were afterwards made Earls of Sunderland ; ob- 
tained the Dukedom of Maiiborough by a marriage with Lady Anne, second daugliter and co- 
heir of John Churchill, the celebrated Duke of that title, whose ancestry in England began with 
Roger de Courcil, eldest son of Wandril, who came into England in 10G6, with William the 
Conqueror, and was rewarded for his services with divers lands in Somersetshire and Devon- 
shire (as appears by the Domesday Book), part whereof was the lordship of Churchill which 
was anciently written Curchil, Churchel, Cherchel, etc, and was so denominated from being 
the habitation of his family.'' 

Forty-five designs of the coat armour of the Spencer family aie given in Burke's General 
Armory. The most ancient of these is that of Baron Churchill, described as 



50 OUR NEW ENGLAND ANCESTORS AND THEIR DESCENDANTS. 

^f ms— Qaarteily, first and fourth quarterly, argent and gules ; in the second and third 

quarters a frit or, over all on a bend sable 
three escallops of the first. 

Crest — Out of a ducal coronet or, a griffin's 
head between two wings expanded argent, 
gorged with a bar gemelle gules. 

Supporters— Dexter, a griffin per fess er- 
mine and erminois, gorged with a collar sable, 
the edges flory, counter flory and chained of 
the last, on the collar three escallops argent; 
sinister a wivern, erect on the tail ermine col- 
lared and chained as the griffin. 

Motto— Dieu defend le droit {God defend 
the right). 

Collins states further : This family (the 

Spencers) claim a descent from the ancient 

Baronial family of De Spenser, of whom Robert 

K|M De Spenser came over with theConqueror and 

l^fc O-lPll'V TIT > ^^^' *^ ^^^ name imports, steivard to that 

ft monarch. At the time of the Domesday Book 

he had four lordships in Warwickshire, one in Gloucestershire, fifteen in Lincolnshire and 

seventeen in Leicestershire. 

Robert Le De Spenser was father of 

William De Spenser, after whom was 
Thurston Le De Spenser, the King's steward, a powerful man, father of Americas le De- 
spenser de Stanley, who mariied Eldai Blewett. 

Thurston Spencer, Sheriff of Gloucestershire, IDth, 20th, 22d, Henry III, who died before 

1249, who by Lucia ■ left 

Sir Jeffrey (or Galfridus) Spencer, who died about 1251, leaving two sons, Sir Hugh and 
Jeffrey. Sir Hugh, the eldest, was a great Baron and father of Hugh, Earl of Winchester, 
and grandfather of Hugh, Earl of Gloucester. 

Geoffrey Le De Spenser, second son, is stated to have been Lord of Marchley in Worces- 
terehire, and to have died 1242. He was father of John Le De Spenser, who, with others of 
the family, took part with the Barons in their wars against Henry HI, and was taken pris- 
oner at the battle of Northampton. By Ann, his second wife, he had two sons: Adam, who 
died young, and William. 

WiHiam Le Despenser left a son and heir, John Le De Spenser, who was in the retinue of 
John of Gaunt, nominal King of Castile, in his voyage to Spain. He was afterward Keeper of 
of the Wardrobe of Henry V, and was with him at the siege of Roan. He had by his wife Alice 
(daughter and heir of Giles Deverill), 



St»BNCBR ANl) ALLIED FAMILIES. M 

Nicholas Spenser, whose eldest son and heir was Henry Spenser, who married Isabel, 
daughter and co-heir of Henry Lincoln, and had four sons, of whom the eldest was John Spenser, 
who had a son John. 

Sir John Spenser, eldest son of John, was denominated of Smithfield. On Sept. 3, 1506, 
he purchased the great lordship of Wormleighton, in Co. Warwick. He died April 14, 1522. 
He married Isabel, daughter and co-heir of Walter Gaunt, Esq., of Snellerfield in Warwickshire, 
who had issue, 

Sir William Spenser, who received the honor of Knighthood A. D. 1529, and in 23 and 24 

Heni'y VIII, was Sheriff of Northamptonshire. He died 1532. He married Susan , 

and had 

Sir John Spenser, who was Sheriff of Northamptonshire in 5 Edward VI, and elected one 
of the Knights of the shire in parliament for that county in the 1st Queen Mary. He died 
Nov. 8, 1586, having married Katharine, daughter of Sir Thomas Kitson, and had William. 

Sir William Spenser, third son of Sir John, received the honor of Knighthood from Queen 
Elizabeth, 1592. and died Dec. 18, 1609. By his wife Margaret, daughter of Francis Bowyer, he 
had two sons, Thomas the eldest, and five daughters. 

Sir Thomas Spencer, eldest son of Sir John, was made Baron June 29, 1611, and was 
famous for his hospitality to the poor. He died 1632. He married Margaret, daughter of 
Richard Bramthwait, sergeant at-law, and had William. 

Sir William Spencer, eldest son of Sir Thomas Spencer, married Constance, daughter of Sir 
Thomas Lucy, of Charlecote in Warwickshire, and had Thomas. 

Sir Thomas Spencer, only son of Sir William Spencer, married Jane, daughter of Sir John 
Gerrard, of Lamer in Hertfordshire, Bart. Sir Thomas's eldest daughter, Jane, was married 
to Robert Spencer, Lord Viscount of Tyrcot, of Scotland. 

William Spencer, who married Eliseabeth Gerrard, was the son of Sir William Spencer, 
2nd Lord Spencer, and Penelope Wreorthsley, daughter of Henry, Earl of Southampton. 

Sir William was the son of Sir Robert, 1st Lord Spencer, who married Margaret Wil- 
loughby, daughter of Sir Francis. 

Sir Robert Spencer was the son of Sir John Spencer, ancestor of Duke of Marlborough and 
Earl Spencer, son of Sir John Spencer and Katharine Kitson, before mentioned. 

Jane Gerrard, wife of Sir Thomas Spencer, and Elizabeth Gerrard, wife of William Spencer, 
were descendants of Sir William Gerrard, Haberdasher, Lord Mayor of London, 1655, who mar- 
ried Isabel Netherell. 

It was probably through one of these marriages referred to that the name Geiiard came 
to be adopted into the Spencer family as a Christian name. It was used in this form prior to 
the birth of Gerrard Spencer, of Stotfold, father of Gerrard Spencer, of Haddam, Conn. 

Gerrard Family. 

Dominus Otho Geradine, of Florence. From Italy to Normandy, thence to England, 1057. 
Became a favorite of Edward the Confessor, exciting jealousy of Thanes. Had enormous 
English possessions. 



52 



OUR NEW ENGLAND ANCEiSTORS AND THEIR DESCENDANTS. 



Walter Fitz Otho, treated after the Conquest as a Norman, Castillan of Windsor and War- 
den of Berkshire Forest, married Gladys, daughter of Rhinvvallon of Cynfyn, Prince of North 
Wales. 

Gerald Fitz Walter, Constable Pembroke Castle, married Nesla, daughter of Rhys of 
Grysffydd of Tudor Manor, Prince of South Wales. 

William Fitzgerald went to Ireland with Strongbow ; married Katherine Kingsley, daughter 
of Sir Edam. 

William Fitzgerald, Justice in Eyre, Co. Chester. 

William Gerard, married daughter and heiress of Peter de Bryn. 

Sir Peter Gerard (time Edward III). 

Sir Peter Gerard, 

Title wandered through several branchev^, and returned to his great grandson. Sir Thomas, 
Gerard, who married Dowse Ashton, daughter of Thomas. 

Sir William Gerard, Haberdasher, great grandson of Thomas, was Lord Mayor of London, 
1555, married Isabel Net her well. 

Sir John Gerrard, eldest son of Sir William, was sheriff of London 1592, Lord Mayor IGOl ; 
married Jane Partridge, daughter of Richard Partridge, Haberdasher. 

Sir Thomas Spencer (who married Jane Gerrard) son of Sir William, son of Sir Thomas 
was probably the immediate ancestor of Richard Spencer, whose will forms an important con- 
necting link between the Spencers of New England and those of Stotfold and London, England. 

Gerrard Spencer, of Stotfold, Bedfordshire, England, was the father of Gerrard Spencer, of 

Haddam, Conn., and Lynn, Mass., of Michael, of Lynn, Mass., and of William and 

Thomas, of Hartford, Conn. While there may be one or two missing links between Gerrard 

Spencer and the Spencer and Gerrard families, both the name and the business— Haberdasher — 

(Richard, the brother of Gerrard being in that business) indicate the immediate connection of 

these families. 

Burke's General Armory contains the following relative 

to the coat armour of the Garrard family : 

** Garrard. Newberry, county Berks, and Dorney, 
county Buckingham, founded by Sir William Garrard of 
Dorney, county Buckingham, Knight, Lord Mayor of Lon- 
don in 1555, as was his son Sir John Garrard, Knight, in 
1001. Sir John's son and heir, another Sir John (xarrard, of 
Lamer, was raised to a baronetcy by King James I. The 
thiid baronet's only daughter and heiress, Jane, married 
Montague Drake, of Shardeloes, and her great grand-son, 
Charles Drake, inheriting the estates under the will of Sir 
Benet Garrard, sixth and last baronet, assumed the additional 
name of Garrard. He was the father of Charles Benet-Drake 
Garrard, Esq. 

Arms — (Quarterly first and fourth argent on a fesse sable 




(darrBrii. 



SFBNCBR AND ALLIED FAMILIES. 53 

a lion passant of the first ; second and third argent a vvivern with wings displayed and tail 
nowed gules. 

Crest — First a leopard sejant ppr. ; second a naked dexter hand and arm erect, holding a 
battle-axe sable, headed argent. 

Connection of the Spencer Families op Connecticut with the 

Spencers of England. 

The clue to the ancesters of the Spencer emigrants, William, Thomas, Michael and Gerrard, 
was first obtained from Miss Bainbridge, an industrious and enthusiastic genealogist of Lon- 
don, England, employed by Hon. Gaorge T. Spsiicar, of Carnin;^;, N. Y., in 18GS. A copy of her 
letter dated Aug. 1, 18(>S, is in possession of R. P. Spencer of Dc3ep River, Conn. Both of these 
gentlemen are entitled to great credit for their indefatigable efforts in securing so much valua- 
ble and interesting data of the Spencer family. 

Prof. Ray T. Spencer while making researches in his own line, discovered among the 
church records of St. George's Parish, Stotfold, Bedfordshire, England, much interesting data, 
concerning the line of Gerrard Spencer, the father of William, Thomas, Michael and Gerrard 
the emigrants, from which it appears that the above named Gerrard was the son of Michael 
who also had a brother Gerraid, and they were the sons of John. Thus three generations pre- 
ceding the emigrants are definitely established. The church records of St. George's Parish, 
above referred to, show that "June 9, 1558, John Spencer, Sen., was buried." 

There is evidence to show that this John was the father of Michael and of the first Ger- 
rard mentioned. 

FROM notes of GEO. T. SPENCER. 

The ancestry of Gerard Spencer and his brothers William, Thomas and Michael Spencer, 
appears from the parish registers of Edworth and Stotfield in Bedfordshire, Eng., and other 
contemporaneous documents. 

Jan. 25, 1555, Michael Spencer and Annis Linnr were married (the last name of Annis is so 
poorly written in the record that it cannot be d(*finitely determined.) 

April 20, 1557, John, son of Michael Spencer baptized. 

May 27, 1558, was baptized Michael, son of Michael Spencer. 

June 9, 155S, John Spencer senior was buried. 

April 15, 1500, buried Michael, son of Michael Spencer. 

21 April, 1560, John, son of Ann Spencer, widow, was buried. 

10 June, 15()0, Ann S[)encer, widow, the good hospitality keeper, was buried. 

23 Feb., 1501, Annis, the wife of Michael Spencer, was buried. 

20 Aug., 1504, Joan, the daughter of Michael Spencer, was baptized. 
30 Aug., 1500, Alice, daughter of Michael Spencer, wasbapti 
30 Aug., 1500, Michael Spencer, was baptized, 

24 July, 150., Ann, daughter of Michael Spencer baptized. 

30 July, 1508, Jarratt Spencer and Ellen Whiston were married, whose will was proved at 
London, 20 May, 1577; he was brother of Michael the elder. 



;ized, ) 

\ Twins. 



54 OUR NEW ENGLAND ANCESTORS AND THEIR DESCENDANTS. 

12 March, 1571, ThoTiias, son of Michael Spencer, was baptized. 

20 May, 1576, Gerat Spencer, son of Michael Spencer, and Elizabeth his wife, baptized. 
9 July, 1580, Richard, son of Michael and Elizabeth Spencer, baptized. 

IS Nov., 1599, Elizabeth, wife of Michael Spencer, was buried. 

It is quite probable that Michael Spencer of Edworth, and Gerrard Spencer of Biggleswade, 
were sons of John Spencer, Senior, and Ann Spencer whose burials are recorded in Edworth 
register, the former June 9, 1558, and the latter June 16, 1560: — Nothing more is known of 
them than what is disclosed by these records and the absence of further information may be 
accounted for by the fact that these registers do not extend back beyond 1552, and that many 
wills and valuable records and documents, it is said, were destroyed during the civil wars. 

The copies of entries in the Parish registers of Stotfold and Edgworth Beds, England, were 
transcribed by Prof. Ray T. Spencer while on a visit to Eigland in 1890-91 in search of the an- 
cestor of the nephew of John Spencer, of Newbury, Mass., named in his will. He also procured 
the copies of the other documents from English sources, from which citations or copies are here 
given including the will of Richard Spencer. A part of these were published in the N. E. Hist, 
and Gen. Reg. vols. XLV. and XLVI. The following from the church records gives the birth 
of Gerrard, (father of the American emigrants), and his children: 

**20 May, 1576, Gerat, son of Michael Spencer and Elizabeth his wife was baptized." 

His children were: 

**1601, Oct. 11, William Spencer, son of Gerrard, bap. 

[Moved to New England and settled in Hartford.] 

**1602, Oct. 31, Elizabeth, daughter of Gerrard, bap, 

"1603, Jan. 22, John, son of Gerrard, bap. 
1605, Aug. 11, Henry, son of Gerrard, bap. 
1607, March 29, Thomas, son of Gerrard, bap. 

[Moved to New England and settled in Cambridge, Mass., moved thence to Hartford, Conn.] 

*'1607, Oct. 20, Henry, son of Gerrard, bap. 

"1608, Dec. 11, Richard, son of Gerrard, bap. [See his will.] 

'*1611, May 5, Michael, son of Gerrard, bap. 

[Moved to New England, settled in Lynn, Mass.] 

**1614, April 25, Gerard, son of Gerard, bap. 

[Moved to New England, settled in Haddam, Ct.] 

*M614, May 6, Richard, son of Gerard, buried." 

Gerat (or Gerrard) Spencer, the youngest child of Michael, was by his second wife, as ap- 
pears by the following record : 

'* May 2, 1576, Gerat Spencer, son of Michael and EHzabeth his wife, bap." 

Gerrard Spencer (as the name was most commonly written), son of Michael and Eliza- 
beth ( ) Spencer, was born at Stotfold, in Bedfordshiie, England, May 2, 1576. He was 

the father of the New England emigrants, William, Thomas, Michael and Gerrard. 

The following items w^ere copied from the English records by Prof. Ray T. Spencer for 
George T. Spencer, of Corning, N. Y. : 






SPENCER AND ALLIED FAMILIES. 55 

'*Jan. 20, 1615. Gerrard Spencer, the elder, gent, and Alice his wife, granted to Thomas 
Spencer, the elder, gent, lands in Stotfold for 09 years, or during the lives of Gerrard Spencer 
the younger, Richard Spencer and Anthony Spencer, sons of Thomas; he paying lOs per year, 
and for this Thomas gave Gerrard 41 pounds. 

"June 25, 1610. Gerrard Spencer, of Stotfold, gent, conveyed to Thomas Spencer, of 
London, citizen, &c., certain tenements and lands in Stotfold, as security for the payment of 60 
pounds, 5 acres which, it is recited, were purchased by Michael Spencer, the father of said 
Thomas and Gerrard. 

*' July 24, 1617. Gerrard Spencer, of Stotfold, gent, releases and conveys absolutely the 
same premises to said Thomas Spencer, and in the deed is repeated the recital of the land 
purchased by Michael Spencer, father of said Thomas and Gerrard. On the same day, July 24, 
1617, Gerrard Spencer, of Stotfold, gent, conveyed to Thomas Spencer, citizen, of London, for 
the consideration of 54 pounds, one-half of 39 acies of land in Stotfold, and one-half of two 
acres of meadow in Stotfold, which were granted by John Wynnes to said Gerrard Spencer and 
William Spencer, his son, Sept. 3, 1603. 

"Thomas Spencer, of London, eldest son and heir of Thomas Spencer, of Stotfold, deceased, 
brought suit in the Court of Request against Thomas Spencer, of Stotfold, reciting that Ger- 
rard Spencer, his uncle, seventeen years last past demised and leased to his father a house, 
tenement and appurtenances and seven acres of land in Stotfold. This is the same lease before 
mentioned from Gerrard and Alice, his wife, to Thomas for 99 years." 

The N. E. Hist, and Gen. Reg. vols, xlv and xlvi, contain the following, which is a repe- 
tition of that obtained by Hon. Geo. T. Spencer, of Corning, N. Y.; 

Francis Spencer, of St. Giles, without Cripplegate, London, citizen and brewer of London, 

7 April, 1636, proved 24 Oct., 1636. My son, Thomas Spencer, shall immediately, after my de- 
cease, have, hold and enjoy to him, and his heirs forever, all my houses, lands, tenements and 
hereditaments, etc., in Hitchin, Herts., which for the most part I have already stated to him * * 
and I appoint my uncle Richard Spencer, citizen and haberdasher of London, and brother 
Daniel Spencer, citizen and grocer of London, to be overseer. 

Richard Spencer, gent, 17 March, 1645, with a codicil bearing date 29 May, 1646, proved 

8 June, 1646. To Thomas Spencer, son of my brother, Thomas Spencer, all my copyhold lands 
and tenements by me purchased of the creditors of Walter Maiston, situate in Kingsbury 
street, near St. Albans, in the county of Hertford, iii the parish of St. Michael. To Daniel 
Spencer, of London, grocer, son of my brother John Spencer, deceased, all of those eight mes- 
suages or tenements, etc , lately by me purchased of John Gearing, grocer, * * * * To Sarah 
Bland and Hannah Bland, daughter of my sister Katharine Blantl, deceased, and to Elizabeth 
Tomlyns, widow, daughter of my brother, Jerrard Spencer, deceased, my messauges or tene- 
ments * * * * To the said Daniel Spencer all my land and tenements in the counties of Kent 
and Essex, he to pay unto Anthony Spencer and Jarrard Spencer, sons of my brother Thomas 
Spencer, deceased, and unto two children of Margaret Spencer, deceased, now in or near Lon- 
don, and at the desposing of Elizabeth Carter, their aunt, the sum of thirty pounds yearly, 



56 OUR NEW ENGLAND ANCESTORS AND THEIR DESCENDANTS. 

during their natural lives * * * * and ten pounds per annum to the said two children, and 
ten pounds per annum to the said two children, and ten pounds apiece to the said Anthony 
Spencer and Jerrard Spencer, to be paid unto them and to their guardians by half yearly pay- 
ments, as the rent of said lands and tenements shall grow to after my decease. 

*'Item. I give and bequeath unto Jerrard Spencer, Thomas Spencer and Michael 
Spencer, sons of my brother, Jarrard Spencer, deceased, the sum of fifty pounds apiece, and 
unto the children of William S[)encer, son of my brother, Jarrard Spencer, deceased, to be 
divided equally between them the sum of fifty pounds, to be paid unto their guardians, and 
within two years next after my decease." 

All of these brothers above mentioned were living in New England at the time of their 
uncle's death. 

Michael Spencer appears as owner of land in Newtown in 1G34, — was made freeman in 

1638, and removed to Lynn, Mass., the same year. He married the widow of Thomas Robbins, 
of Salem. He died at Lynn in 1653, leaving two children, Susanna, born 164r3, and Michael, six 
years old at the time of his father's death. His brother Gerard was appointed administrator of 
his estate. 

He was a legatee of his uncle Richard Spencer, of London, as appears by a Bill of Exchange 
drawn by him on Daniel Spencer the executor of Richard Spencers will dated Jan. 19, 164r8, at 
thirty days sight for thiity pounds, part of the legacy in favor of Thomas Ruck, which was 
given in evidence in trial in Essex County Court at Salem in 1071, between John Ruck, admin- 
istrator, and Joseph Armitage. The hill had been protested for non-payment. In what way this 
bill of exchange was involved in the suit does not appear. 

Michael Spencer owned land in Hartford, Conn., as appears by the land records. 

**Land in Hartford upon Conneckticott River, belonging to Mikell Spencer, and to his heirs 
forever." 

One p sell on which his dwelling house now standeth, with other outhouses yardes and 
gardens thereon being wich he bought of John Bidwell, contain by estima, three roods be it 
more or les, abutting on the highway leading to the mill on the south, and on the Widow 
Bettes her land toward the west and on the buring place on the east, and on Seathe Grant's 
land on the north." * * * He sold this land about Feb. U>4(). On that date appears on the 
Court Records of Essex County, Mass , the following : 

IHh month, 1653, No. 32. The Administrator of the estate of Mikell Spencer is granted to 
Gerrard Spencer of Linn, and he is to bring in an inventory of his estate the next Court." 

t»th of 1st mo. l()53-4, No. 07. Gerrard Spencer brought into this court an inventory of 
221b. 40. lOd. of his Brother Michael S[)encer and Bush oners at sea ventured and debts 10s., 
this court doth joyne Capt. William Travsk of Salem wth ye said Gerrard Spencer for the dis- 
posing of ye estate for thebiinging up of the children of ye sMid Michall Spencer. * * * The 
Court doth order and agree wth the consent of Gerrard Speiicer, administrator of ye estate of 
ye said Michall. -^ * * In consideration of a child of the sd Michall put him to bring upp 
until he bee 21 years ould, wch child of name is Michall Spencer of about G years ould." 



SPBNCBR AND ALLIED FAMILIES 57 

GERRARD SPENCER OP HADDAM, CONN., AND HIS DESCENDANTS. 

fiClTSrd or 3^IT9rd $PCIICCr» the founder of the Haddarn and Saybrook, Connecticut, 
families of this name, born in Stotfold, England, bap. April 28, 1634, was the son of Gerrard 
Spencer and nephew of Sir Richard. He came to New England in 1632, and was admitted March 
9, 1637, a freeman of the Massachusetts Bay Colony March 9, 1637. He was a resident of Cam- 
bridge 1634, and owned land on the south side of the river. He removed to Lynn, and at 

** A Gennerall Courte houlden at Boston the 13th of the First Month, 1638, Garritt Spencer 
is granted the fferry at Lynn for two years, taking 2d for a single pson to the furtherest place, 
and but Id for a single pson to the nearest place." He was one of the Jurymen from Lynn at 
a County Court held the 25th of the 10th month, 1638. In 1653 he was appointed administrato 
on the estate of his brother Michael Spencer, who was also of Lynn. In June, 1656, he was 
chosen Ensign of the train band of Lynn, and in 1659 Grand Juror. He was in Connecticut 
the following year, as Simon Lobdell sued him and his daughter Hannah for damages because 
she refused to marrv Lobdell. 

He was probably in Hartford for a short time. In 1662 he and his son John were among 
the 28 purchasers of the town of Haddam, which was then and for many years afterward a 
part of Hartford County. Barbour, in his Historical Collections of Conn., states that the tract 
was taken up mostly by young men from the vicinity of Hartford, who settled the northern 
part of this land on the west side of the river. Two of his sons were assigned home lots in the 
division of 1671. The records show that he was the wealthiest man in the town. He was 
admitted freeman of the Colony of Conn, in 1672 ; w^as Ensign of the Militia, and represented 
the town at the General Court 1674-5, also 1678 and '79, 1680 and 81. He died in 1685, his will 
bearing date two years earlier. 

The w^ill of Gerrard Spencer, dated Sept. 17, 1683, was admitted to probate in 1685, and is 
as follows : 

The Last Will and Testament of Jarrard Spencer^ of Haddam, 

** In the first place it is my will that all my lawful debts shall be payd concerning my estate 
that God hath left me. It is my will that my sons have after the rate of twenty and my 
daughters fifteen. I give unto my son William that land which I bought of Stephen Laxford's 
estate ; how I came by it the Court Records will show. I give unto my son William the 
third part of forty-eight acres, be it more or less, lying by that which is commonly called Mills 
his brook ; likewise I give unto my son William an acre of swamp mowing land adjoining to 
my house meadow lot, which particulars mentioned shall be all his part of my estate. 

I give to my son Nathaniel, and to his heirs, my now dwelling house in the lot with an ad- 
dition lying by the side of it, granted by the committee : likewise I give my son Nathaniel one- 
third part of that lot formerly mentioned lying by Wells his brook, likewise I give unto my son 
Nathaniel an acre of swamp lying at the end of my meadow lott, and joining to his brother Wil- 
liam formeily given ; likewise I give unto my son Nathaniel forty acres, which is a third part of 
six score acres, and this is to be his portion. 

** I give unto my daughter Rebecca that house lot I bought of Thomas Smith ; likewise I 



68 OUR NEW ENGLAJ^^D ANCESTORS A.ND THEIR DESCENDANTS. 

give unto my daughter Rebecca one-third part of that lott by Wells his brook, and this is to be 
her portion if she will accept it ; if not to take what falls to her in the distribution. 

I give unto my son Thomas forty acres on Matchamoodus side, being part of that lot whereof 
his brother Nathaniel hath a share. I give unto my son Thomas his son, Jarrard Spencer, my 
rapier. 

*' I give unto my son Timothy Spencer the remaynder of that six-acre lot whereof his two 
brothers had their shares before, which six acres are those my sons shall choose. The other 
six acre-lot I dispose of as followeth, to Grace Spencer, the daughter of my son John Spencer, 
forty acres; to Alice Brooke, the daughter of my daughter Brooke, forty acres; to Grace 
Spencer, the daughter of my son Samuel Spencer, I give the other forty acres. I give unto 
Jarrard Cone, the son of my daughter Cone, my carbine. A pewter flagon and rim bayson I 
give unto the church at Haddam, if there be one within five years after the date hereof. It is 
my will that my son John, his children, and my son-in law, Daniel Cone, his children, have an 
equal proportion of my estate with my other children. It is my will that however my estate 
falls out for portion to my children that my daughter Ruth Clark's portion shall be fifteen 
pounds, which was my covenant with her father at her marriage, which fifteen pounds she hath 
received some part of it as my books will testify. One thing I forgot : one feather bed which I 
give to my son Nathaniel. 

Dated Sept. 17, 1683. Jerrard Spencer. 

Witness : John James, 

Joseph Arnold. 

The children of Gerrard Spencer and Hannah, his wife, were 
I. John, born at Lynn, Mass., 1638 ; died Aug. 3, 1682. 
11. Hannah, born 1640; married Daniel Brainerd. 

III. Alice, born 1641 ; married, 1st Thomas Brooks, 2nd Thomas Shailer. 

IV. Mehitable, born 1642 ; married Daniel Cone. 

V. Thomas, married Elizabeth Bates ; removed to Westbrook before 1679. 

VI. Samuel. 

.VII. William. 

VIII. Nathaniel. 

IX. Rebecca, married 1st John Kennard, of Haddam, about 1692; he died Feb. 1689; 

she married 2nd John Tanner, of Lyme, Conn. 

X. Ruth, married Joseph Clark 

XL Timothy. 

Descendants of Thomas Spencer, of Westbrook, Second Child of Gerrard and 

Hannah Spencer. 

CbOIIISI St^RCCft fifth child of Gerrard and -Hannah ( ) Spencer, was born in Lynn, 

Mass., probably about 1650. He removed with his parents to Haddam, and may have settled 
in Say brook before 1679, as his second child was born there in that year. He was voted an 
inhabitant Dec. 8, 1687, and resided in that part of the town known as Pochaug, now West- 



SI^EKCER ANt) ALLIED FAMILIES. 6d 

brook, Conn. He was chosen Lister, July 29, 1692, and probably held other positions in the 
town. His inventory, March 1699-1700, was appraised at £302.14.11, a large sum for those 
days. He married Elizabeth Bates, daughter of James Bates (2), of Dorchester, Mass., (bap. 
Dec. 19, 1624) and Anne, daughter of Henry Withington, of Dorchester, son of James Bates 
(1), of Dorchester, born at Lydd, Kent, England, 1582 ; came to Dorchester 1635 ; married Alice 
. Thomas Spencer, by his wife Elizabeth (Bates) Spencer, had issue : 

Jarrard, born Oct. 8, 1673, at Haddam ; bap. at Middletown, July 5, 1674-5 — his parents 
were members of the church at Lynn. 

Thomas, born April 1, 1679, at Saybrook. 
Caleb, born Jan. 19, 1695-6, at Saybrook. 

The History of Middlesex County, page 566, referring to the '*Iron Works" located in the 
Pond Meadow district, says : '* The Spencers were the last proprietors in the early part of the 
present century, and it is altogether probable that Thomas Spencer, who settled near by, dis- 
covered the mine and founded the works prior to 1700. In 1702 the General Assembly excused 
Charles Williams, of Saybrook, from training, he being chief workman in the iron works there 
and living sixe or seven miles from town." 

"The establishment combined a smelting furnace where the metal was reduced from the 
ore, and a blacksmith shop where every kind of hammered work in use at that time, from a 
horse nail to an anvil or anchor, was made. The ore was obtained from * Mine Swamp,' but a 
little distance off, and the present appearance of the mining grounds, and the large quantity of 
glag that remains at the site of the works, leave no doubt of its importance to a large section 
at one time." 

(KUlCb SpCRCCft youngest son of Thomas and Elizabeth (Bates) Spencer, was boi*n in the 
parish of Westbrook, town of Saybrook, June 19, 1695-6, He was commissioned Eusign of the 
Train Band, and was chosen Surveyor of Highways Dec. 12, 1732. He was a man of consider- 
able means and owned several slaves, which he divided among his children at his death. His 
slave "Toby and wife Jude, a worthy couple, were received into the church. * * * Toby 
had a number of children, all born in slavery." In his will Caleb says : "I give my negro man 
Toby to be equally divided between my three sons, Joseph, Caleb and John." By his wife 
Hannah ( ) Caleb Spencer (1) had issue : 

I. Joseph, born April 18, 1720. 

II. Mary, born Sept. 19, 1721. 

III. Caleb (2), born Dec. 8, 1724. 

IV. Hannah, born Feb. 13, 1727. 

V. Lemuel, born March 14, 1728-9 ; died March 30, 1729. . 
VI. John, born Feb. 11, 1730. 
VII. Sarah, born Feb. 21, 1731. 

VIII. Jemima, born Aug. 3, 1734 ; married Henry L'Hummedieu, of Westbrook parish, 
Saybrook. 

Caleb Spencer married, second, Temperance Wright, by whom he had no issue. 



60 OUR NEW ENGLAND ANCESTORS AND THEIR DESCENDANTS. 

30$CPI) Spencer^ eldest child of Caleb (1) and (Hannah) Spencer, was born in Westbrook 
Parish, April 18, 1720. He is not referred to particularly in the records and probably spent his 
life in the cultivation of his farm. He married Lydia Grinnell (born Aug. 28, 1743) daughter of 
Paybodie and Ruth (Nettleton) Grinnell. 

Pabodie Grinnell was the son of Daniel (3), son of Daniel (2), son of Daniel (1), son of 
Matthew. 

Matthew Grennell was probably of Huguenot origin. He was among the earliest settlers 
of Newport, R. I., and was admitted freeman in 1638. Of his early history little is known, but 
the fact that among his descendents are found some of the most distinguished men of thecoun- 
try> indicates that he was a man of more than ordinary ability, and that he came of an excel- 
lent family. He married Rose . The children named in his will are Matthew, Thomas and 

Daniel (1). 

Daniel Grinnell (I), son of Matthew and Rose ( ) Grinnell, was born about 1636. He 

married Mary Wodell (born 1640), daughter of William and Mary Wodell. They lived at Ports- 
mouth and Little Compton, R. I. They had issue: Daniel^ Richard and Jonathan. 

Daniel Grinnell (2), son of Daniel (1) and Mary (Wodell) Grinnell, was born at Little Comp- 
ton, R. L about 1665. He evidently did not mingle much in public affairs as his name is seldom 
found in the records. Extreme modesty, combined with great executive ability appears to have 
been characteristic of this family. He was probably a successful, thrifty farmer and devoted 
his whole attention to the cultivation of the ground. He removed to Saybrook, Conn., prob- 
ably before 1700, and settled in Pochaug near Westbrook. His social status is shown in the dis- 
tinguished family that he became allied with. He married Lydia Pabodie, daughter of William 
Pabodie (2), sou of William (1). 

[For record of Daniel Grinnell, William Pabodie, John Alden, etc. See * 'Grinnell and Al- 
lied Families," page 32.] 

Daniel Grennell (2), by his wife Lydia (Pabodie) Grinnell, had Priscilla, born 1689. Paybodie 
of Westbrook, born 1691. Mary married Robert Lay, of Saybrook. 

This name of Paybodie, is said to have had its origin about A. D. 61, in the reign of Nero, 
the tyrant emperor, at which time the Ancient Britons, who were tribes of the more ancient 
Cambri, were in a state of vassalage to the emperor. Parsugatus, in the right of Queen Boa- 
dicia his wife, was reigning King in Icena, Briton, and hoping to secure his family and part of 
his immense estate in his will he gave one-half the estate to Nero, but to no purpose; for no 
sooner was the Kipg dead than the officers of Nero seized everything in their power. Queen 
Boadicia being a woman of great abilities and power opposed these proceedings, for which Nero 
ordered her to be publicly whipped and her daughters submitted to the vilest insults. This so 
enraged the Britons that the Queen revolted, and with the assistance of her kinsman, a patri- 
arch in one of the tribes, named Boadie, put himself at the head of the Britons, fought many des- 
perate battles with various success, made a great massacre among the Romans and would have ex- 
pelled them had not Suetoneus Paulinus at the critical moment with ten thousand fresh troops, 
joined the Romans. The battle continued with great vigor, and the result was doubtful, till the 



SPENCER AND ALLIED FAMILIES 61 

last victory inclined to the Romans. Upon which the Queen, who had behaved with surprising 
bravery, determined not to submit to the tyrant, dispatched herself with poison, leaving Boadie 
to his fate, who with his men sustained the horrid massacre in a desperate manner, selling 
their lives for a high price to the Romans, till their numbers were reduced to a few, when 
Boadie, after avenging himself by killing Galbuta, a Roman officer, and taking his helmet and 
armor, with a remnant of Britons, escaped and took asylum over the craggy mountains of 
Wales, whence they made frequent excursions upon their neighbors in the low country, the 
Romans having reduced a great part of the island to a state of servitude. Upon the helmet and 
armour was a Roman badge of honor and distinction described as 

Arms — Party per fesse nebule, gules, azure, two suns ppr with a garb. 
Motto — Murus aenas conscientia sana (A sound conscience is a wall of brass.) 
There was also a miniature likeness of the Empress Popia, wife of Nero. The Roman 
badge was sacredly preserved by the patriarchs of the name of Boadie as a trophy of honor. 

Boadie, among the ancient Cambri, afterwards Britons, signified Man, '*or a great Man," 
and Pea signified a large hill or mountain, which afterwards occasioned this patriarch leader to 
be called and distinguished among the neighboring enemy by the name of Peabodie or 
Mountain Man. This tribe multiplied considerably, and some of them, by tilling the land, a 
part of which was fertile, became very opulent, but most of them remained in a rude state. 
Some of them were herdsmen and kept cattle ; others supported themselves by rangii^g the 
forest, &c., having many bloody conflicts with their neighboi"s, which often reduced their 
numbers and kept them in gr'eat distress, until, in the sixth century, when they were so far re- 
duced that a compromise took place, after which they begaii to assimilate to their neighbors. 
In the reign of King Arthur, the Kingdom being invaded by the northern Saxons and others, 
a leader, or patriarch of the tribes by the name of Peabodie, a man of much influence and 
wealth, by his prowess and exertions in the battle on the river Douglass, aided much in ex- 
pelling the invaders ; and having in his possession the trophy that had been taken from the 
Romans, and carefully preserved by his ancestor — the reigning King Arthur, as a reward for 
his unshaken fidelity and heroic valor, ordered it to be registered, with additions, so as to stand 
as above stated to the name of Peabodie. While some of the name and family kept the name 
of Boadie— which with some was afterwards anglicized, when the name of Man, while others 
kept the name of Pea, which being also anglicized, some were called Hill, others Mont and 
Mountain. Hence these names, and there are arms to each name, but none so ancient. 

Extracted from the Ancient Records Vol. II. Folio 327, No. 109, and transferred to Modern 

Records, Vol. II, Folio 65, No. 97. 

Signed. Robett N. Andrews, Ass't Secty. 

Examined. B. Gerard, Armorer. 

Fees £2, 2, 0. 

Heraldry Office, London, Cheapside, Oct. 23, 1796. 

Besides Francis Peabody, who has numerous descendants, there was also John Paybody, 
who was one of the original proprietors of Biidgewater, Mass., in 164r5, and was representative 
at Plymouth in 1645, there was also a William Pabodie, who signed himself Pabodie. 



62 OUR NEW ENGLAND ANCESTORS AND THEIR DESCENDANTS. 

Paybodie Grinnell, second child and eldest son of Daniel (3) and Lydia (Pabodie) Grinnell, 
was born in 1691. He moved to Pochauge (Westbrook) in the old town of Saybrook, probably 
about 1720. His name appears on the list of those who responded to the call of the Assembly 
for troops in the expedition against Canada : 

** An account of what was Delivered out of Siybrook Town Stock of ammunition to Capt. 
James Harris's Company, Sept. 12th and l^^th, per me, John Tully." 
''Paybody Grinnell, 1 lb. of Powder." 

Paybody Grinnell married Ruth Nettleton (born about 1693), and had issue Lydia, who 
was married to Joseph Spencer. 

Joseph Spencer (1) by his wife Lydia (Grinnell) Spencer had issue : 
I. Joseph (2) born Aug. 12, I74r4. 

n. Daniel, born Feb. 2, 1746, married Temperance Dowd January 17, 1770 ; died May 
16, 1806. 
HI. Lydia, born Feb. 22, 1748, married 1st Elisha Pratt, 2nd Joseph Stannard ; died 

April 7, 1801. 
IV. Ruth, born Feb. 2, 1750, married Nathaniel Post Dec. 21, 1768 ; died Sept. 27, 1782. 
V. Hannah, born Jan. 31, 1753; married 1st Samuel Wright March 22, 1755, 2nd 

Noah Platts. 
VI. George, born June 17, 1755 

VII. Mary, born Jan. 11, 1757, married John Wright July 19, 1751. 
VIII. Nabby, born May 4, 1761, died March 26, 1764. 
IX. Peter, born Aug. 31, 1763, married 1st Jerusha Post April 3, 1785, 2nd Lucretia 
Ruggles, 1804, 3d Jerusha Buckley April 12, 1810. 
X. Phebe, born May 26, 1767, married Turner. 

30SCPl) SpCRCCr (2), son of Joseph (1) and Lydia (Grinnell) Spencer, was born in the parish 
of Westbrook, town of Saybrook, Aug. 12, 1744. He was twice married. His first wife was 
Elizabeth (born April 9, 1748), daughter of John and EUzabeth (Williams) Clark, whom he 
married 2nd Nov., 1769 ; she died June 25, 1777 ; he married 2nd, Lucy, daughter of Benjamin 
Post and Mary (Colt) Post, July 5, 1780 ; (she was born June 4, 1746, died 11 Jan., 1834). He 
died Nov. 15, 1793. Joseph Spencer had issue by his first wife : 

I. Nabby Spencer, born Jan. 14, 1770 ; died Jan. 6, 1843 ; married Beaumont Clark ; he 

died Oct. 5, 1857. 
II. Elizabeth Spencer, born March 26, 1772 ; married June 3, 1796, Nathan Pratt, of 
Potapogue — now Essex, Conn. He died Feb. 22, 1842 ; she died Feb. 17, 1847. 

III. Hester Spencer, born June 24, 1777 ; married Simeon Abell. He removed to Chata- 

qua Co., N. Y., living in Syracuse 1840. 
Children by second wife : 

IV. Joseph Spencer^ born May 1, 1781 ; married Saba Dee Sept. 20, 1801 ; died Nov. 25, 

1852. 
V. Ezra Spencer, born Dec. 29, 1782 ; married 1st, Mehitable Bushnell, 2nd Eliza 
Clark. He died Jan. 7, 1864, at Mt. Pleasant, Pa., whence he removed in 1846. 



SFENCBR AND ALLIED FAMILIES. 63 

VI. David Spencer^ born Dec. 16, 1785 ; married Rachel Bushnell. 
VII. Oeorge Spencer, born Oct. 6, 1787; married 1st, Julia Pratt, 2nd Ursula Read, 3d 

Anne E. Bates. 
VIII. Lucy Spencer, born Sept. 6, 1789 ; died Oct. 31, 171>3. 

Descendants of David Spencer, sixth child of Joseph (2) and Lucy Post Spencer. 

DUVid St^RCCff third child of Joseph (2) and Lucy (Post) Spencer, was born Dec. 16, 
1785, in that part of the old town of Saybrook known as Weslbrook. He was an industrious, 
thrifty farmer, and combined with farming the occupations of mason and blacksmith, two 
trades very essential in a sparsely settled community. He was a very helpful man among his 
neighbors, and much respected and honored for his many personal qualities. Upright, honest 
and public spirited, he made the most of his surrounding^?. 

He married Rachel, daughter of Asa Bushnell and Hannah Chapman, daughter of Ichabod 
son of Nathaniel (2), son of Deacon Nathaniel, son of Robert Chapman the ancestor of the Say- 
brook and East Haddam branches of the Chapman family. 

The name Chapman derives from the Saxon word Cheapman, meaning a merchant or 
cheapner. 

Robert Chapman, the ancestor of the Saybrook branch of the family, was born in 1616 ; 
came from Hull, England, to Boston in 1635, and on Nov. 3, following, he sailed from there in 
company with Lion Gardner for Saybrook, Conn., as one of the company of twenty men who 
were sent by Sir Richard Saltonstall to take possession of a large tract of land near the mouth 
of the Connecticut river. He helped to subdue the Indians, taking an active part in company 
with his particular friend, Col George Fenwick, in the various Indian warfares incident to the 
early settlement of Connecticut, and especially in the Pequot War. He was a large landholder 
in the towns of Saybrook and East Haddam. He also owned a large tract of land in Hebron, 
and left at his decease to each of his three sons fifteen hundred acres in that town which he re- 
ceived as one of the legatees of the Indian Chief Uncas and his sons. He settled himself on a 
tract of land in Oyster River, about two miles west of Saybrook fort, and this homestead is still 
in the possession of his descendants. He was a leading man in the town, and much engaged in 
public affairs. He was for many years town clerk and commissioner for Saybrook, and repre- 
sented the town as Deputy to the General Court forty-five times, and was Governor's Assistant 
nine times. He died October 13, 1687. He married Anne Blith (or Bliss) April 29, 1642, and 
had issue, John, Robert, Anna, Hannah, Nathaniel (1), Mary, Sarah. 

Deacon Nathaniel Chapman, fifth child of Robert, was born Feb. 16, 1653. He was for 
many years a deacon of the church in Saybrook, and represented the town at the General Court 
of Connecticut twejity-four sessions — 1697 to 1723. He was a very large landholder, as appears 
from the records of the town of Saybrook and of the Oyster River Quarter. He owned fifteen 
hundred acres of land in Hebron, which he received by inheritance from his father, and pre- 
sented to his son the Rev. Daniel Chapman. On the dect?ase of his father he inherited the 
paternal homestead and left the same by will to his youngest son Caleb. He married, June 
29, 1681, Mary Collins, of Guilford, daughter of John Collins. He married 2nd, Hannah Bates. 



64 OUR NEW E!^GLiND ANCESTORS AND THEIR DESCENDANTS. 

By his first wife he had Nathaniel; died soon : Nathaniel (2), born July 19, 1686 ; David, 1689, 
and John. By his second wife he had Mary, Hannah, Phineas, Caleb, Anne. 

Nathaniel Chapman (2), son of Deacon Nathaniel and Mary (Collins) Chapman, was born 
July 19, 1686. He resided in what is now Westbrook, about half a mile east of the Congrega- 
tional Meeting-house. He mariied, Aug. 1709, Elizabeth Spencer, and had issue, Ichabod 
and Nathaniel (3). 

Ichabod Chapman, eldest child of Nathaniel (2) and Elizabeth (Spencer) Chapman, was 
born in Westbrook, Oct. 10, 1710. He was twice married, 1st to Rachel Dibble, by whom he 
had three children ; 2nd to Hannah Jones. Jan. 20, 1742. By his first wife he had Daniel, 
Elizabeth (1), Elizabeth (2). By his second wife he had Rachel, William, Jeremiah, Ezra, 
Hannah^ Daniel. 

Hannah Chapman, fifth child of Ichabod and Hannah (Jones) Chapman, was born March 
20, 1751 ; she was married to Asa Bushnell, whose daughter Rachel became the wife of David 
Spencer. 

David Spencer, of Saybrook, by his wife Rachel (Bushnell) Spencer, had issue : 

I. David Spencer, born July 24, 1808 ; died Aug. 18, 1857. 

II. Nancy Spencer, born Oct. 19, 1810 ; died Aug. 8, 1882. 

III. Charles Chauncey Spencer, born Jan. 8, 1813 ; died Sept. 6, 1876. 

IV. Una Maria Spencer, born Oct. 27, 1814 ; died Sept. 2, 1896. 
V. Edwin Spencer, born Jan. 12, 1817 ; died Sept. 12, 1882. 

VI. Alvin Benjamin Spencer, born Feb. 1, 1819 : died Feb. 22, 1856. 

VII. Julia Elizabeth Spencer, born Oct. 10, 1821. 

VIII. Daniel Chapman Spencer, born Dec. 3, 1823 ; see record. 

IX. Harriet Amelia Spencer, born Dec. 21, 1825 ; died Jan. 9, 1852. 

X. Emily Ann Spencer, born May 5, 1828 ; died June 28, 1895. 

XI. Mary Augusta Spencer, born Aiig 19, 1832 ; died Oct. 11, 1900. 

DUVid SpCMCCr, Jr., eldest child of David and Rachel (Bushnell) Spencer, was born July 24, 
1808, at Saybrook; died Aug. 18, 1857; he married Emeline Chalker, April 16, 1837; shediedFeb. 
27, 1>^G6. They had 

I. Albert Marshall Spencer, date of birth unknown, died at Saybrook Dec. 16, 1865. 

II. Richard Ingham Spencer, drowned, date unknown. 

Nancy Spexcer, second child of David and Rachel (Bushnell) Spencer, was born at Say- 
brook, Oct. 19, 1810; died there Aug. S, 1882 ; married at Saybrook, Nov. 27, 1834, Albert 
Chalker, (born there Jan. 30, 1808 ; died there May 11, 1895). They had issue: 

I. Emma Augusta Chalker, born at Saybrook. Dec. 7, 1843; married there Jan. 4, 1876, 
James Burnham Lord. They had issue: 

1. Cornelia Hayden Lord, born Saybrook, March 20, 1878. 

2. Jennie Augusta Lord, born Saybrook, March 24, 1881. 

3. Albert Chalker Lord, born Saybrook, May 1, 1882. 

II. Jane Elizabeth Chalker, born at Saybrook, March 7, 1847 ; died March 27, 1849. 



SPENCER AND ALLIED FAMILIES. 65 

Charles Chauncey Spencer, third child of David and Rachel (Bashnell) Spencer, was 
born at Saybrook, Jan. 8, 1813; died there Sept. 6, 1876. He married, Jan. Y, 1838, Liicretia 
Minor Harvey, born at Lyme, Conn., Feb. 26, 1814 ; died Oct. 20, 1890. They had issue : 

I. Maria Adelaide, born Nov. 11, 1838 ; married at Deep River, Oct. 16, 1860, Merritt 
Shaler Brooks, of Chester, Conn. They had, 

1. Hilton Cook Brooks, born in Chester, Conn, Sept. 21, 1861; married in 
Riverton, Conn., Oct. 12, 1887, Winnie Gallup (born in Brooklyn, N. Y., Oct. 9, 
1867). Their children were Lewis Merritt Brooks, born in Chester, Feb. 7, 1889; 
Marjori Cristobel Brooks, born in Chester, June 12, 1891 ; Malcolm Gallup Brooks, 
born in Chester, Dec. 12, 1893. 

2. Jessie Brooks, born in Chester, Feb. 21, 1863 ; died in Saybrook, Aug. 30, 

1878. 

3. Simeon Spencer Brooks, born in Chester, Nov. 17, 1865 ; he married 
at Clinton, Conn., Sept. 26, 1888, Mary Josephine Beckley Wright, born in Clin- 
ton, Conn., Nov. 22, 1869, and had Florence Brooks, born in Chester, Oct. 21, 1889. 

4. Agnes Brooks, born in Chester, June 6, 1871; died there Dec. 24, 1882. 

II. Frances Catharine, second child of Charles Chauncey Spencer and Lucretia Minor 
(Harvey) Spencer, was born May 10, 1840 ; married at Old Saybroot, Charles Henry Curtis, of 
Birmingham, Conn., July 16, 1868 ; he was born at Huntington, Nov. 11, 1837. They had, 

1. Edith Maria Curtis, born in Saybrook, Sept. 5, 1869 ; died in Detroit, Mich., 
March 6, 1877. 

2. Bessie Margaret Curtis, born in Detroit, Oct. 13, 1870. 

3. Fanny Eddy Spencer Curtis, born in Detroit, Oct. 2, 1875. 

III. Amelia Annette, third child of Charles Chauncey Spencer and Lucretia Minor 
(Harvey) Spencer, was born in Saybrook ; died at Plainfield, N. J., May 7, 1858. 

IV. Mary Edgar Spencer, born in Saybrook, April 15, 1843 ; married Dec. 25, 1872, Sam- 
uel Hart Pratt (born in Saybrook, Aug. 19, 1843). Their children were, 

1. Gilbert Pratt, born in Old Saybrook, March 28, 1874. 

2. Sarah Pratt, born in Old Saybrook, Jan. 11, 1877. 

3. Edith Spencer Pratt, born in Old Saybrook, Dec. 23, 1879. 

V. Margaret Nichols Spencer, born Nov. 3, 1844 ; died in Deep River, Conn., Oct. 12, 1859. 

VI. Charles Samuel Spencer, born in Saybrook, Sept. 18, 1846 ; married in Iowa, Jan. 5, 
1870, Isaphene Wood. They had, 

1. Edgar Fred Spencer, born in Iowa, Nov. 26, 1871 ; married in Laporte, 
Ind., Dec. 24, 1893, Orpha Leonore Morgan, born in Des Moines, Iowa, Sept. 1, 1873. 
They had Ruth Isaphene, born in Monmouth, HI., Jan. 31, 1894, and Charles Hiram, 
born in Monmouth, 111., June 13, 1896, Edgar Harry, born in Wheaton, 111., 
June 25, 1897. 

2. George Allen Spencer, born May 10, 1873 ; married Rebecca Pearl Eviland, 



66 OUR NEW ENGLAND ANCESTORS AND THEIR DESCENDANTS. 

« 

of Knoxville, Iowa, June 6, 1897; born Sept. 20, 1878, in Knoxville, Iowa. They 
had an infant born in Knoxville, Iowa, May 22, 1898 ; died May 23, that year. 

3. Infant daughter, no date. 

4. Edna E. Spencer, born Feb. 14, 1877 ; died May, 1898. 

5. Sarah, died in infancy. ) x . v xr u ^r. looi 

' " [ twnis born March 19, 1881. 

6. Susie, died in infancy. ) 

7. Blanche Spencer, born Nov. 10, 1882. 

8. Charles Spencer, born March 7, 1885. 

9. Helen Maria Spencer, born Feb. 22, 1889. 

VII. Lucretia Marsylvia Spencer, born in Saybrook, Sept. 16, 1848 ; married in Chicago, 
DL, July 10, 1890, Alonzo Delano Bradley. No issue. 

VIII. Sarah Elizabeth Spencer, born in Saybrook, Nov. 5, 1852 ; died in Brooklyn, N. Y., 
Dec. 11, 1887; married in Old Saybrook, Nov. 19, 1873, to Charles William Prankard, of 
Brooklyn. Their children were : 

1. William Spencer Prankard, born in Brooklyn, Sept. 21, 1874 ; married. New 
York, Feb. 16, 1898, Clara Louise Miller (born in New York City, Jan. 20, 1874). 

2. Mary Arlington Prankard, born in Brooklyn Feb. 14, 1878. 

3. Rhys Spencer Prankard, born in Brooklyn, N. Y., Nov. 23, 1887. 

IX. Susan Ella Harvey Spencer, born in Deep River, Conn., July 17, 1854 ; died in Brook- 
lyn, Dec. 2, 1891, unmarried. 

Una Maria Spencer, fourth child of David and Rachel (Bushnell) Spencer, was born in 
Saybrook, Oct. 27, 1814 ; died in Westbrook, Conn., Sept. 2, 1896 ; married in Saybrook, Aug. 
8, 1847, Nathaniel C. Dee. Issue : 

I. Alice M. Dee, born in Westbrook, June 17, 1848 ; died there Oct. 20, 1878. 
II. Jennie L. Dee, born in Westbrook, Dec. 24, 1851 ; died there Jan. 13, 1852. 

III. Emily P. Dee, born in Westbrook, Oct. 26, 1853 ; married Nov. 30, 1886, to John O. 
Hayden. They had, 

1. Hattie F. Hayden, born in Westbrook, Sept. 14, 1887. 

2. Robert S. Hayden, born in Westbrook, Oct. 12, 1889. 

3. John O. Hayden, born in Westbrook, Aug. 4, 1891. 

IV. Ella J. Dee, born in Westbrook, Aug. 6, 1855 ; married there, Feb. 12, 1878, Charles 
E. Chapman. They had issue : 

1. George S. Chapman, born Nov. 19, 1878. 

2. Alice M. Chapman, born Feb. 22, 1880. 

3. Joseph F. Chapman, born March 24, 1882. 

4. Raymond Chapman, born March 19, 1884. 

5. Amy D. Chapman, born Jan. 24, 1886. 

6. Charles Chapman, born June 23, 1888. 

7. Wilda Chapman, born Oct. 29, 1889. 

8. Robert D. Chapman, born April 17, 1891. 

9. Ruth E. Chapman, born Oct. 28, 1893. 



SPENCER AND ALLIED FAMILIES. 67 

Edwin Spencer, fifth child of David and Rachel (Bushnell) Spencer, was born in Saybrook, 
Jan. 12, 1817 ; died there Sept. 12, 1882 ; married there, April 13, 1846, Anna Augusta Chalker 
(born Oct. 27, 1824, died June 6, 1867). They had, 

I. George Edwin Spencer, born in Saybrook, Sept. 19, 1855 ; married in Old Saybrook, 
May 1, 1883, Annie E. Jobson (born in Rhinebeck, N. Y., Oct. 3, 1863). They had issue : Edwin 
V. Spencer, born May 19, 1885, in Old Saybrook, and Harry P. Spencer, born Feb. 10, 1891. 

II. Jane Spencer, born July 19, 1861 ; died Oct. 9, 1861. 

Edwin Spencer, above mentioned, married 2nd, Jan. 4, 1871, Lydia G. Beers (born Sept. 8, 
1835 ; died April 19, 1894); no issue. 

Alvin Benjamin Spencer, sixth child of David and Rachel (Bushnell) Spencer, was born 
Feb. 1, 1819 ; died at Deep River, Conn., Feb. 22, 1856. He married in Essex, Conn., March 20, 
1842, Hannah Williams (born in Essex, Feb. 13. 1820; died in Chester, Conn., Dec. 16, 1891). 
They had issue : 

I. Sarah C. Spencer, born Feb. 4, 1843 ; died in Deep River, Conn , June 25, 1887 ; married 
July 16, 1861, in Deep River, Frederick William Chapman, Jr. (born in Hartford, Conn., May 
21, 1838 ; died in Deep River, Sept. 17, 1865). Their child was Emily Williams Chapman, 
born in Deep River, Feb. 26, 1865. 

Sarah C. Chapman married 2nd, William A. Bulkley, of Deep River, May 19, 1874. No 

issue. 

II. Victorine A. Spencer, born Oct. 24, 1846, in Deep River ; married Nov. 4, 1867, at 

Deep River, Henry A. Chapman (born in Deep River, Sept. 1, 1845. They had one child, Wil- 
fred Alvin Chapman, born in Hartford, Nov. 15, 1882. 

III. Mary H. Spencer, born in Deep River, Sept. 9, 1850; died in Chester, Dec. 24, 1891 ; 
married May 15, 1869, Adelbert W. Kenyon, of Essex, Conn, (born Jan. 25, 1845) ; no issue. 

Julia Elizabeth Spencer, seventh child of David and Rachel (Bushnell) Spencer, was born 
Oct. 10, 1821, at Saybrook ; married there 1842, George Edwin Kirtland. He died in Saybrook, 
1857. They had issue : 

I. George Spencer Kirtland, born in Saybrook, Dec. 23, 1842 ; died Oct. 1849. 

II. Edward Shipman Kirtland, born in Saybrook, April 24, 1845 ; died Oct. 1849. 

III. Julia Elizabeth Kirtland, born Feb. 4, 1847; married in Saybrook, Oct. 1880, John 
Henry Tileston. Their children were : 

1. Bessie Tileston, born in Saybrook, Dec. 4, 1881. 

2. Ruth Tileston, born in Saybrook, Nov. 21, 1885. 

IV. George Edward Kirtland, born March 28, 1849; married 1873, in Cleveland, Ohio, 
Elizabeth Burns (born in Scotland). Their children were : 

1. Frederick Woodbridge Kirtland, born 1876 ; died 1878. 

2. Lizzie Kirtland, born Sept. 21, 1878. 

3. Mattie Kirtland, born June 25, 1882. 

4. Hattie Kirtland, born June 28, 1885. 

5. Julia Kirtland, born Aug. 19, 1888. 



68 OUR NEW ENGLAND ANCESTORS AND THEIR DESCENDANTS. 

V. Harriet Spencer Kirtland, born June 28, 1852, in Saybrook ; married there, 1876, 
George Washington Parker. Their children were : 

1. Amy Hart Parker, ] twins born in Saybrook, 1876. 

2. Arthur Reed Parker, J He married, July 11, 1898, at Springfield, Mass., 
Julia Le Revere, and had issue Ruth Parker, born in Springfield, Mass., July 17, 
1899. 

3. Edith Merrell Parker, born in Springfield, Mass., March 31, 1883. 

4. George Kirtland Parker, born in Springfield, Oct. 4, 1890. 

VI. Franklin Joseph Kirtland, born Oct. 31, 1854; married in Saybrook, 1879, Lily Mann 
(died there March, 1895). They had issue ; 

1. Edwin Mortimer Kirtland, born in Saybrook, April 11, 1880. 

2. Franklin Joseph Kirtland, Jr., born in Saybrook, Aug. 30, 1881. 

3. Harry Ellsworth Kirtland, born in Saybrook, Nov. 1883. 

4. Linda Elizabeth Kirtland, born in Saybrook, March 6, 1889. 

5. George Edwin Kirtland, born in Saybrook, Sept. 1, 1891. 
VII. Arthur LesHe Kirtland, | twins born May, 1857 ; died 1873. 

Vm. Edwin Latimer Kirtland,-) '' '' ** '' died Aug. 1857. 

Daniel Ctoapman Spencer, eighth child and fifth son of David and Rachel (Bushnell) 
Spencer, was born in the Oyster River quarter of the old town of Saybrook, Dec. 3, 1823. Like 
most boys of his age, at that period, he had very little time for ** schooling," as his services 
were required on the farm, and before he had mastered the simplest elementary branches he 
was, like the famous Cincinnatus, following the plow. During the winter months, however, 
he attended the academy and acquired a fair education, sufficient, as he thought, for the in- 
herited occupation of farming. He had already attained his majority when a little incident 
changed the whole current of his life and the simple farmer boy became a prominent New York 
merchant. While working in the field one day he had a sun-stroke, which so aflfected his con- 
stitution that he was compelled to quit the farm and go as clerk in a country store. From a 
clerk in a country store he became a traveling salesman for a New Haven house. He developed 
a remarkable capacity for selling goods and soon acquired a reputation that extended beyond 
the precincts of his own State. A large wholesale dry goods firm of New York had learned of 
his successful career as a salesman and submitted a proposition to enter their employ. It 
was so startling to him that he thought they must have greatly overrated his abilities. So 
anxious was this firm, Messrs. Moulton, Plympton, Williams & Co., to secure his services, that 
they gave him a check to pay for the unexpired time due to his old employers. Mr. Spencer 
was at once placed in charge of their fancy goods department and was successful in its man- 
agement up to the time of the failure of the firm. What seemed for the time to be a misfor- 
tune was indeed a blessing in disguise, for through the influence of Mr. Moulton he was intro- 
duced under the most favorable conditions to the house of Claflin, Mellen & Co., later H. B. 
Claflin & Co., who at that time contemplated opening a notion department in addition to their 



I 



SPENCER AND ALLIED FAMILIES. 69 

large dry goods business. So sanguine was Mr. Spencer of his ability to successfully con- 
duct this department that he offered to take charge of it for a year without any compensation. 
Mr. Claflin insisted however on paying him a liberal salary, with the promise of an additional 
amount should the venture prove a success. The firm at that time occupied the old Trinity 
Building on lower Broadway, and so limited were the facilities that only the basement of the 
building could be used for the new line of goods. Mr. Spencer, however, utilized every inch of 
space, bought and sold the goods and managed the business in every way as if it were his own. 
The result exceeded the most sanguine expectations of the firm, who showed their appreciation 
of his efforts by presenting him with a check at the end of the year for $1,000 in addition to his 
salary. In renewing their engagement with Mr. Spencer they offered him a share of the 
profits which was virtually equivalent to a partnership. The business of the firm increased to 
that extent that they were obliged to seek for larger quarters with greatly increased facilities, 
and they purchased a site on the corner of Church and Worth streets, running through to 
West Broadway, covering nearly an acre of ground. On this they erected a building six stories 
high, fitted up with the best facilities that could be devised. As for Mr. Spencer, he was pro- 
vided with the very best accommodations for the extensive business which he had established. 
His department covered a large portion of the third fioor and a part of the fifth floor, requiring 
the assistance of over forty clerks. It was a great task for one man to control and at- 
tend personally to all the details of an immense business like this, but Mr. Spencer was equal 
to it and the firm of Claflin, Mellen & Co. soon became from the second largest to the largest 
wholesale dry goods establishment in the United States, doing a business of several millions 
annually in excess of its famous rival That Mr. Spencer contributed materially to this result 
goes without saying. During his thirteen years' connection with this house his individuality 
was merged into that of the firm. That Mr. Spencer helped to lay the fortunes of this great 
firm is acknowledged by all who are familiar with his connection with it. In the accomplish- 
ment of this almost unprecedented success Mr. Spencer overtaxed his energies and his powers 
of endurance, and in 1867 he was compelled to dissolve his connection with the firm and recu- 
perate his wasted energies. He was strongly urged by Mr. Claflin to remain in the business 
and take ample time for rest, but Mr. Spencer felt that he had reached the climax of physical 
and mental endurance and that if he would prolong his life he must lay aside all the cares and 
responsibilities of active business. Subsequent events have shown the wisdom of his course, 
for more than thirty years have been added to his long, useful life, in which he has contributed 
much to the welfare and happiness of others. While his name may not have been emblazoned 
on the pages of history as one of the great merchants of the metropolis, it was certainly written 
on the hearts of his associates and his memory will be kept green by those who knew and 
loved him. The thought of severing his connection with those who had been so long associated 
with him was one of the greatest trials of his life, but the event that followed immediately his 
decision was made known more than compensated for the sorrow he felt at parting and sweet- 
ened all the remaining years of his life. The account of this was described in the New York 
Trihmie of Feb. 8, 1868, as follows : 

** Mr. D. C. Spencer, for many years past the genial and able manager of the Fancy Goods De- 



70 OUR NBW ENGLA.ND ANCESTORS AND THEIR DESCENDANTS. 

partment of the well known house of H. B. Claflin & Co., having been obliged, on account of 
ill health, to retire from business, his late employes, headed by his worthy and efficient succes- 
sor, Mr. James H. Day, presented Mr. Spencer with a superb silver service, of the richest yet 
most chaste workmanship, contained in a truly elegant black walnut casket. Each piece of 
the service bears the following insciiption : 

PRESENTED TO 

D. C. SPENCER 

BY HIS LATE EMPLOYEES 

ON HIS RETIRING FROM BUSINESS 

JAN. 1, 1868. 

'^ Accompanying the service was a very handsome card, 36 by 40 inches, incased in a heavy 
gilt frame, on which is a photograph of the house of Claflin & Co., and one of each of the 
donors. In the center of this card, in an oval space surrounded by the photographs, are these 
words : 

** * We, whose familiar faces surround this Card of Presentation, would respectfully state 
that in your retirement from business and our midst we feel that we lose a genial face, a good 
counseling friend, an exemplary Christian and a true business man. 

** 'Expressive of our feelings of high respect for you and our deep regret that your im- 
paired health compels our separation, we ask that you receive this Card and Service in the 
spirit in which it is presented, as a memento of past pleasant associations. 

** 'We would further add that it shall be our earnest prayer that your health may be re- 
stored and that you may long be spared to your family and for society's good.' 

*' To these costly testimonials of the regard of his late employees and their regret at losing 
him from their midst, Mr. Spencer replied in the following characteristic and appropriate letter : 

"'Gentlemen: — No language, however eloquent, can picture the surprise and pleasure 
awakened in my breast by the elegant present of which you have made me the recipient, and 
which I shall prize most highly for its intrinsic worth, and far more as being a testimonial of 
your regard and esteem for me and of the pleasure and benefit you have derived from our 
business relations. 

" 'When the heart is full, many words, seem but to weaken the expression of our gratitude. 
I will only say, therefore, that for your handsome gift, and the accompanying kind wishes in 
my behalf, I thank you from the bottom of a grateful heart. 

" 'It has not been without sincere regret on my part that I have ended our buisiness con- 
nections by withdrawing myself fiom your midst, but although the state of my health has 
rendered that withdrawal necessary, I shall ever treasure up in my mind the many pleasant 
memories arising from our past relations, and not one of your faces shall ever cease to be re- 
membered with feelings of the deepest interest. I shall always pray earnestly and hopefully 
that none of those faces may be overcast by clouds of sorrow or disappointment, but that each 
one of your lives may be crowned with success and happiness.' 

"This happy affair will long be remembered both by the recipient and the donors, and ihe 
recollection of it will doubtless be a source of great pleasure to them in after years." 



SPENCER AND ALLIED FAMILIES. 71 

After closing up his business affairs Mr. Spencer returned to the home of his childhood, 
where he soon found sufficient employment to occupy his time. He improved and enlarged 
the place, purchasing a number of acres adjoining the homestead. With his practical business 
knowledge and with ample means at his command he soon made the old farm present a differ- 
ent aspect. With delightful surroundings and his mind at ease, Mr. Spencer soon recovered 
his health. To restore the prestige of the old Saybrook Colony by making it an attractive 
summer resort, occupied his attention for the next few years. He purchased 100 acres of land 
at Guard House Point, and later, in connection with others, bought 250 acres of the Lynde 
farm. This was mostly disposed of to the New Saybrook Company and laid out in villa plots 
on which were erected beautiful summer residences. Mr. Spencer became personally interested 
and was one of the promoters in all these public improvements, which included the famous 
hotel known as Fenwick Hall. 

He was one of the promoters of the Valley Railroad and was instrumental in securing the 
present terminal. He aided in the enterprise by subscribing liberally to the stock, and was a 
director and auditor for many years. 

He has been twice elected to represent his town in the Legislature: first in 1S85, when he 
was Chairman of the Library Committee, and again in 1886, when he served on the Railroad 
Committee. He was also a director in the Deep River National Bank for many years, and 
served at various times as Town Auditor of Accounts, and also as United States Grand Juror. 
He is a Life Member of the Connecticut Humane Society and of the Acton Library. 

While residing in New York he was a member of St. Timothy Episcopal Church, and held 
the office of Treasurer, Vestryman and Warden. On his return to his native town he joined 
the Grace Episcopal Church and was largely instrumental in the erection of the beautiful stone 
edifice — its present place of worship, and was one of the most liberal contributors to the building 
fund. He has been active in church work, and during the past thirty years has held the various 
offices of Clerk, Treasurer, Vestryman, etc., and later that of Senior Warden. 

He married, at Westbrook, Conn., Oct. 12, 1861, Emily Maria, daughter of William Stokes, 
son of Richard, son of Jonathan, Jr., son of Jonathan Stokes, Sen., who came from England 
with his wife and two children (one of whom was Jonathan, Jr.) and settled in Branford, Conn. 

Jonathan Stokes, Jr., son of Jonathan, was born in England and came with his parents to 
Branford, Conn. He was a seafaring man and was lost overboard two days out from Boston 
on his passage to the West Indies. He married Hannah Goodrich, of Branford, and had 
Jonathan (3), Merriam, Hannah and Richard, 

Richard Stokes, youngest child of Jonathan, Jr., and Hannah (Goodrich) Stokes, was born 
July 2, 1761-2. He served in the War of the Revolution. He was a private in Capt. Lay's 
company, 4th Conn. Regiment, commanded by Col. Zebulou Butler. His name appears only in 
a book copied from the rolls of said organization, which shows that he enlisted July 5, 1781, for 
six months. He married Jerusha, daughter of Daniel Lay, Jr., son of Daniel, son of Robert (3). 

Robert Lay (3), son of Robert (2), was born June 22, 1681. He was an inn keeper. He 
married Mary, daughter of Daniel Grinnell, whose wife was Lydia Peabody, daughter of Wil- 
liam Peabody and Elizabeth Alden, daughter of John Alden of the Mayflower. 



72 OUK NEW E5^GLA.ND ANCESTORS AND THEIR DESCENDANTS. 

The children of Richard and Jei'usha (Lay) Stokes his wife were : 

1. Richard Stokes (2), born Jan. 25, 1787. 

2. Harry Stokes, born July 4, 1789. 

3. John Stokes, born Oct. 26, 1791. 

4. Fanny Stokes, born Oct. 21, 1798. 

5. William Stokes, born May 20, 1796. 

6. Eliza Stokes, born May 8, 1798. 

7. Charles Stokes, born Nov. 7, 1800. 
S. Nancy Stokes, born Sept. 10, 1804. 
9. Edward Stokes, born Feb. 20, 1806. 

William Stokes, fifth child of Richard and Jerusha Stokes, was born in Westbrook, May 
20, 1796 ; died there Nov. 9, 1889. He married, in Westbrook, Nov. 25, 1819, Lydia Kelsey 
(born in Killingworth, May 6, 1798 ; died in Westbrook, Nov. 1, 1882). Their children were: 

I. Eliza Ann, born in Saybrook, Westbrook parish, Aug. 23, 1820 ; died there May 12, 
1886 ; married in Westbrook parish, Nov. 30, 1843, Dana Bristol Page (born in Cheshire, Conn., 
Aug. 12, 1809 ; died in Westbrook, Nov. 16, 1892). 

II. Susan Amelia, born in Westbrook parish, March 12, 1822. Unmarried. 

III. William Stokes, Jr., born in Westbrook parish, June 2, 1825 ; died there Sept. 25, 
following. 

IV. William Stokes (2), born in Westbrook parish, June 25, 1826. Unmarried. 

\^. Emily Maria, born in Westbrook parish, Nov. 21, 1831 ; died in Old Saybrook, Oct. 5, 
1895 ; she was married in Westbrook, Oct. 12, 1851, to Daniel C. Spencer. 

VI. Ellen Gertrude, born in Westbrook parish, July 13, 1837. Unmarried. 

Daniel Chapman Spencer, by his wife Emily Maria (Stokes) Spencer, had issue : 

I. William David Spencer, born at New Haven, Conn., July 5, 1852. 

II. Ella Maria Spencer, born in New York City, Nov. 4, 1856 ; married in Old Saybrook, 
May 10, 1882, Brunswick Wellington Leonard, of St. Johns, New Brunwick ; died at Saybrook 
Nov. 7, 1900. Their children were : 

1. Grace Emily Leonard, born in Old Saybrook, Aug. 8, 1883; died same day. 

2. Spencer Wellesly Leonard, born in Old Saybrook, Oct. 7, 1884. 

3. Brunswick Wellesley Leonard, born in Old Saybrook, Aug. 10, 1888. 

4. Ella Morgan Leonard, born in Old Saybrook, July 1, 1892 ; died there 
July 2, 1893. . 

5. Emily Stokes Leonard, born in Old Saybrook, April 22, 1900. Died Dec. 
27, 190(^. 

III. Daniel Stokes Spencer, born in New York City, Sept. 2, 1860 ; married Dec. 1, 1898, 
Mary Ellen Fish, born in Griswold, Conn., Oct. 26, 1872. They have one son, Daniel Fish Spen- 
cer, born Dec. 8, 1899, in Saybrook. 

IV. Grace Emily Spencer, born in New York City, Nov. 11, 1861 ; married at Saybrook, 
June 10, 1891, John Clayton Wood, of New York City ; born there Oct. 1, 185t». 



SPSNCER AND ALLIED FAMILIES 7«S 

V. George Jarvis Spencer, born in New York, May 2, 1866 ; died Nov. 10, 1892, in 
Saybrook. 

VI. Edmund Chapman Spencer, born in Old Saybrook, Jan. 8, 1869; married there Nov. 
21, 1895, Florence Josephine Burr, born in Cromwell, Conn., Oct. 21, 1872. They have one son, 
Clayton Burr, born in Saybrook, Nov. 27, 1897. 

VII. Frederick Clarence Spencer, born at Old Saybrook, March 27, 1870. 

VIII. Harry Russell Spencer, born at Old Saybrook, July 9, 1875 ; died there May 5, 1876. 

Harriet Amelia Spencer, ninth child of David and Rachel (Bushnell) Spencer, was born 
Dec. 21, 1825 ; died there Jan. 9, 1852 ; married there June 20, 1849, James Smith Eldert. 
They had one son, James Eldert. He married — no date. 

Emily Ann Spencer, tenth child of David and Rachel (Bushnell) Spencer, was born May 5, 
1828 ; died June 28, 1895, at Lawtey, Florida ; married at Saybrook, Sept. 12, 1882, Tunis Lynk, 
of New Lenox, 111. ; no issue. 

Mary Augusta Spencer, eleventh and youngest child of David and Rachel (Bushnell) 
Spencer, was born in Saybrook, Aug. 19, 1832 ; died in New York City, Oct. 11, 1900 ; married 
in New York City, Jan. 18, 1854, Hiram Fuller Phelps (born Nov. 15, 1829; died Aug. 11, 1891). 
They had issue : 

I. Edward Fuller Phelps, born Oct. 20, 1854 ; married 1884, Justina Brecker. They had 
Arthur Phelps, Edward Phelps, Fredwick Phelps, Grace Phelps. Married, second, Anna 
Margaret MuUer, of Philadelphia, Pa., Nov. 19, 1900. 

II. Alvin Spencer Phelps, born Feb. 12, 1856. 

III. Antoinette Flora Phelps, born Nov. 26, 1857 ; married Sept. 3, 1885, William Frank 
Harrison. They had issue, Charles William Harrison, born July 20, 1886, in East Haddam, 
and Russell Spencer Harrison, born in East Haddam, Dec. 2, 1888. 

IV. Mary Willey Phelps, born June 23, 1859. 

V. Emily Maria Phelps, born Dec. 12, 1860 ; died Sept. 21, 1863. 

VI. Susan Chalker Phelps, born March 5, 1862. 

VII. Hiram Lincoln Phelps, born May 16, 1863 ; married to Theresa De Bear, Nov. 16, 
1895. They had Albert Phelps, Lilian Phelps. 

VIII. Maria Parker Phelps, born June 25, 1864 ; married Nov. 16, 1893, Albert Kummer. 
They had Viola Kummer, born Nov. 16, 1895, and Daisy Kummer, born May 31, 1897 ; died 
November, 1899. 

IX. Robert Phelps, born Aug. 3, 1865 ; died Sept. 21, 1865. 

X. Albert David Phelps, born Aug. 15, 1866 ; died April 22, 1886. 

XI. Ernest Mortimer Phelps, born Oct. 10, 1868 ; married May, 1892, Rose Kelwig. They 
had a son, Vernon Scheile, born April, 1898, in Hadlyme. 

XII. Julia Ann Phelps, born Nov. 24, 1870 ; died Dec. 29, 1887. 

XIII. George Phelps, born May 10, 1873 ; died May 12, 1873. 

XIV. Walter Chapman Phelps, born May 5, 1874. 

XV. Harriet Amelia Phelps, born January 6, 1876 ; died March 28, 1892. 



74 OUR NEW ENGLAND ANCESTORS AND THEIR DESCENDANTS. 

Descendants of George Spencer, fourth child of Joseph (2) (see page 61) and Lucy (Post) 
Spencer, son of Joseph (1), son of Caleb, son op Thomas, son of Gerrard Spencer. 

George St^KCCft seventh child of Joseph (2) and fourth child by his second wife, Lucy 
(Post) Spencer, was born Oct. 6, 1787. At an early age he was apprenticed to Nathan Pratt, of 
Essex, Conn., then engaged in the jewelry business. He served as a private in the War of 
1812. He removed to Deep River in 1818, having previously, with others, formed a copartner- 
ship with Ezra Williams & Co., manufacturers of ivory combs, etc. This continued until 1830, 
when it was succeeded by George Read & Co., and in 1864 became a joint stock company. 

Mr. Spencer was deacon of the Congregational Church of Deep River from its organization 
in 1834 till his death, July 24, 1878. He was President of the Deep River Bank from Nov. 1859, 
to January, 1865, when he resigned. He was succeeded by Henry Wooster, who died August, 
1866. It was said by a cotemporary he was a man of robust mind, incorruptible integrity, 
and strong religious convictions, and though nearly 91 years old when he died, his mental 
faculties were preserved in a good degree of vigor until the last. [Hist. Middlesex Co., p. 557.] 
On the Sunday following his funeral his pastor, Rev. W. H. Knouse, delivered a memorial ser- 
mon as a tribute to his christian character and exemplary life. 

He married Ist, Julia Pratt, born Oct. 24, 1785, daughter of Comfort and Susannah (Tiley) 
Pratt, Sept. 12, 1813. She died March 29, 1845. 

The lineage of Julia Pratt has been traced to Thomas and Joan Pratt, of Baldock, Hert- 
fordshire, England (1539), through his son Andrew Pratt, father of Rev. William Pratt, born 
in 1567, for thirty years prior to his death in 1629 Rector of the parish of Stevenage, near Bald- 
ock, Hertfordshire. His son William, known as Lieut. William Pratt, came to Newtown 
(Cambridge) in 1632 or 1633 ; removed to Hartford in 1636, and from there to that part of 
the original town of Saybrook known as Potapaug in 1645, being among the first settlers 
there. His wife was EHzabeth Clark, and from them was descended in direct line : 1. Na- 
thaniel Pratt, born about 1660 or 1661 ; married Sarah Beamont, May 2, 1688. 2. Deacon Heze- 
kiah Pratt, born July 9, 1701; married a lady whose christian name was Ann; died Oct. 4, 
1786. 3. Comfort, born in 1746 ; married Susannah Tiley, June 4, 1774, and died Feb. 19, 1778. 
[Pratt Family, by Rev. F. W. Chapman.] 

He married 2nd, Ursula Read, born April 23, 1789, daughter of Cornelius and Temperance 
(Williams) Read, Oct. 20, 1845, who died March 27, 1853. 

Third, Ann E. Bates, daughter of Barnabas and Rebecca (Clark) Bates, Jan. 4, 1854 ; died 
Sept. 17, 1882. 

George Spencer died July 24, 1878. 

Deacon George Spencer, by his wife Julia (Pratt) Spencer, had issue : 

I. George Tiley Spencer, born Nov. 6, 1814 ; residence Corning, N. Y. See record, 
n. Julia Spencer, born Sept. 2,1817 ; died Feb. 15, 1819. 
III. Richard Pratt Spencer, born Feb. 12, 1820. See record. 



SJ^BNCfiR AND ALLIED PAMILIES. 76 

IV. Julia Minerva Spencer, 2nd, born Nov. 27, 1822 ; married Dr. Ambrose Pratt, of Deep 
River, son of Ambrose and Polly (South worth) Pratt. 

V. Jane Elizabeth Spencer, born Feb. 23, 1825 ; married John W. Marvin. 

VI. Susan Augusta Spencer, born Feb. 16, 1829 ; married to Rev. Charles H. BuUard, of 
Hartford, Conn. 

I. l)OII» George CMCy SpCltCCft eldest child of George and Julia (Pratt) Spencer, was born 
Nov. 6, 1814, in that part of the original town of Saybrook, Conn., now Essex, and included 
what at an early day was known as Potapaug Quarter. 

He was prepared for college at Amherst Academy, Mass., Westfteld Academy, Mass., and 
Hopkins Grammar School, New Haven, and graduated from Yale College in the class of 1837. 

Mr. Spencer began his legal studies in 1839, in the office of Governor Ellsworth, at Hart- 
ford, Conn., and was subsequently a student with John G. Forbes, of Syracuse, N. Y., and was 
admitted to the bar in July, 1841. In August of the same year he began the practice of law in 
Corning, N. Y., where he has since resided. He was identified with the old Whig party until it 
ceased to exist, and was among the first to join the Republican party after its formation. He 
was elected to the State Legislature of New York of 1857, and served as a member of the 
Judiciary Committee. He was a member of the Constitutional Convention of 1867. He was 
elected Judge of Steuben County for the terra commencing in 1872, continuing in office until 
1878. He continued in the active practice of his profession until 1896, retiring at the age of SO. 
He has been engaged with his brother, R. P. Spencer, of Deep River, Conn., for many years in 
the collection of matters relating to the history and genealogy of the Spencer family. 

He married, Nov. 3, 1842, Harriet Stacy, daughter of Ira and Roxanna (Glover) Stacy, of 
Belchertown, Mass. 

Roxanna Glover was a descendant of Capt. John Glover, son of Thomas and Margery 
(Deane) Glover, of the parish of Rainhill, in Prescott, Lancashire, England, where he was born 
Aug. 12, 1600, and Anna his wife. He was one of the ''London Company," organized for the 
purpose of settlement in New England, on the shores of which he arrived in the Mary and 
John May 31,1630, and settled in Dorchester, where, and in Boston, he was a prominent man 
of affairs. He died Feb. 11, 1653. The line of descent is as follows : 

1. Rev. Pelatiah Glover, son of Capt. John and Anna ( ) Glover, born in Dorchester 

in Nov. 1636 ; died at Springfield, March 24, 1692. He mariied, May 20, 1660, Hannah CuUick, 
daughter of Capt. John CuUick. 

2. Pelatiah Glover, son of Rev. Pelatiah and Hannah (CuUick) Glover, born at Spring- 
field, Jan. 27, 1665-6; died there April 1, 1739. He married, Jan. 7, 1686, Hannah Parsons, 
daughter of Joseph and Mary (Bliss) Parsons, of Northampton. 

3. Samuel Glover, son of Pelatiah and Hannah (Parsons) Glover, born in Springfield, 
Dec. 16, i7o6 ; married Dec. 14, 1749, Joyce (Newcomb) Jones, widow. The date of his death 
is not known. 

4. John Glover, son of Samuel and Joyce (Newcomb-Jones) Glover, born in Wilbraham, 



76 OlJR NfiW fiNGLA.NI> ANCBStOftS AND tHBIft DESCBl^DAKtS. 

Mass,. May 3, 1753, and died there July 21, 1830. He married in 1778, Mercy Colton, daughter 
of Benjamin and Mercy Colton, of Springfield. 

6. Roxana Glover, daughter of John and Mercy (Colton) Glover, born Dec. 1, 1788 ; mar- 
ried Jan, 10, 1810, [Family Bible] Ira Stacy, son of Mark and Julia (Root) Stacy, born May 9, 
1788 ; died May 20, 1838. 

Children of Ira and Roxana (Glover) Stacy : 

1. John, born June 16, 1810; died about 1888 : married Betsey Matilda Doolit- 
tle, daughter of Hon. Mark and Betsey Matilda (Smith) Doolittle, of Belchertown, 
Nov. 28, 1838 ; graduate of Yale College 1837 ; had John, born May 27, 1841, 
died in early infancy ; Sarah Doolittle, born May 28, 1845, died Sept. 25, 1845. 

2. Ira, born Sept. 6, 1815 ; died June 9, 1827. 

3. Harriett born June 3, 1821 ; wife of George T. Spencer; died May 7, 1897. 

4. Samuel, born May 27, 1827 ; married Terissa Giles in 1857 ; died Oct. 24, 

1857. 

Roxana (Glover) Stacy married 2nd, James Miller, of Williamsburg. Mass. ; died at Corn- 
ing, N. Y., Aug. 25, 1877. 

George T. Spencer, by his wife Harriet (Stacy) Spencer, had issue : 

1. Ellen Julia, born June 9, 1844 ; died April 1849. 

2. Roxana Jane, born March 9, 1846 ; died July 1, 1846. 

3. George Stacy, born March 17,18^7. He served with honor to himself and his country 
in the War of the Rebellion, enlisting as private in the lOth N. Y. Cavalry in March, 1864, and 
serving until the close of the war, and was commissioned 2nd Lieutenant. In 1872 he gradua- 
ted from Albany Law School and soon after engaged in the drug business at St. Cloud, Minne- 
sota, where he has since resided. 

He married Ist, Martha Macom her, June 20, 1876, who died Jan. 31, 1880; married 2nd, 
Jane Augusta Pratt, June 28, 1883, daughter of Dr. Ambrose and Julia Minerva (Spencer) 
Pratt, of Chester, Conn. 

Children by his first wife : 
George T. Spencer, born April 6, 1877 ; died June 13, 1893. 
Herbert Spencer, born June 8, 1879 ; died Feb. 3, 1880. 

Children by second wife : 
Ambrose Pratt Spencer, born Jan. 31, 1885. 
Hugh Spencer, born July 19, 18S7. 
Gerard Spencer, born Oct. 23, 1891. 

4. Harriet Augusta, born March 1, 1849 ; graduated at Elmira Female College. She mar- 
ried Horace N. Pond (born July 31, 1843) Oct 20, 1869, at that time cashier of J. N. Hungerford's 
Bank, Corning, subsequently in business at Elmira and afterwards at Boston, residing in Dor- 
chester. While there he prepared for and entered the Ministry of the Presbyterian Church, 
removed to Nebraska, and, after a residence of some years in that State, to Kansas. His pres- 



SPENCER AND ALLIED FAMILIES. 77 

ent residence is Topeka. He was compelled several years since to abandon ministerial labors 
on account of deafness. Their children were, 

1. Kate Williams Pond, born May 27, 1872 ; died May 16, 1876. 

2. Robert Spencer Pond, born July 19, 1876 ; graduate of Washburn College, 
Topeka, 1899 ; now (1901) Professor of Mathematics in Pendleton Academy, Pen- 
dleton, Oregon. 

3. Horace Philip Pond, born Feb. 10, 1882. 

5. Emma Boxana, born April 9, 1851; married Aug. 25, 1873, Rev. Albert W. Hubbard. He 
graduated at Amherst College 1867, and from Princeton Theological Seminary 1870. They im- 
mediately sailed for Sivas, Turkey, as missionaries, where they continued to reside until his 
death, with the exception of two visits to this country, and where she still resides (1900). 
Their eight children, all born at Sivas, are : Ray Spencer, born Dec. 31, 1875 ; Lew Crescens, 
born Sept. 1, 1877, both graduates of Amherst College, 1900 ; Faith, born April 14, 1880 ; Chaun- 
cey, born Feb. 26, 1882 ; George, born Feb. 26, 1882 ; Hugh, born March 19, 1887; Mary, born 
Feb. 2, 1890; Theodore Horace, born July 5, 1892. Mr. Hubbard died at Sivg^s, April 25, 1899, 
greatly lamented by all classes of the population. 

6. John, born January 15, 1855 ; died May 21, 1857. 

7. Betsey, born Oct. 31, 1859; graduated at Wellesley College in 1883; afterwards became 
Preceptress of Corning Free Academy, which position she resigned in 1897. She married 
Frederick William Kriger, of Waite & Kriger, merchants of Corning, Aug. 31, 1898. They 
had issue : Frederick Spencer Kriger, born Sept. 16, 1899 ; Ralph Stacy King, Jan. 7, 1901. 

8. Richard, born July 27, 1861 ; died July 18, 1862. 

9. Hugh Spencer, born Jan. 6, 1864 ; graduate of Corning Free Academy in 1.882, having 
been awarded the Olcott prize consisting of a gold medal of the value of about ten dollars, from 
the income of a fund given to the Trustees of the Academy by Hon. Alexander Olcott, for the 
best scholarship. He entered Yale College in 1884, but was compelled to leave at the end of 
the college year by reason of ill health, which developed into a slowly wasting disease of which 
he died Jan. 14, 1889. 

10. Clarissa, born Jan. 6, 1864 ; married Sept. 4, 1892, Harry H. Pratt, of Corning, by 
whom she has five children : George Wollage and Sophia, born June 23, 1893 ; Hugh Spencer, 
born July 16, 1894 ; Harriet, born. Nov. 3, 1898; Ransom, born Dec. 9, 1899. 

HI. 1)011. RiCtoard Pratt Spencer, third child of Deacon George and Julia (Pratt) Spen- 
cer, was born in Deep River, Conn., Feb. 12, 1820. His knowledge of the rudimentary branches 
of education was obtained at the village school, and he was afterwards sent to Madison, Berlin, 
Conn., and Belchertown, Mass. high schools. Being thus fully equipped for a business career, 
he entered the employ of his father's firm and soon after attaining his majority joined the firm 
as a partner. Later he organized the firm of Pratt, Spencer & Co., with Ulysses and Alexis 
Pratt as partners. This firm engaged largely in the manufacture of ivory turnings and ivory 
piano keys. He sold his interest in the business in 1850 and removed to Corning, N. Y., and 



78 OtJR NEW ENGLAND ANCESTORS AND THEIR DESCENDANTS. 

there established a banking business which he carried on successfully for several years. He 
returned to his native town in 1866 and was shortly after elected President of the Deep River 
National Bank, which position he still occupies. 

Naturally of a retiring disposition, Mr. Spencer has been but little in public life. He gave 
his hearty support to the cause of the Union during the Civil War and has been identified 
with the Republican party since its organization, having been formerly connected with the old 
Whig party. He was elected to the State Senate in 1882-3, and served as Chairman of the 
Committee on Fisheries, and during the second session was Chairman of the Committee on 
Banks. He was two years treasurer of the Deep River Savings Bank, an institution in which 
he has always taken a deep interest. He has added much to the wealth and prosperity of the 
town, and his picturesque home near the banks of the Connecticut is said to be one of the 
finest residences in the State. 

Mr. Spencer married 1st, in 1850, Clarissa, daughter of George H. Chapman and Lucia 
(Tulley) Chapman, of Old Saybrook. She died Dec. 16, 1871, without issue. He married 2nd, 
Feb. 28, 1887, Julianna, daughter of Richard Lynde Selden, of Hadlyme, son of Richard Ely 
Selden (2), son of Richard Ely Selden (1), son of Col. Samuel, son of Samuel, son of Joseph, 
son of Thomas, the ancestor. 

Thomas Selden, the ancestor, was one of the founders of Hartford, Conn , in 1639 ; was 

admitted freeman 1640. By his wife, Esther , ho had, Thomas, bap. Aug. 31, 1645 ; 

John, died May, 1650 ; Mary, born March 26, 1648 ; Esther, born March 3, 1650,died next year; 
Joseph, born Nov. 2, 1651 ; Hannah ; Sarah. He died before the end of 1655. His will names 
widow Esther, who married Andrew Warner. 

Joseph Selden, son of Thomas and Esther ( ) Selden, was born Nov. 2, 1651, at Hart- 
ford, Conn. He removed first to Hadley, Mass., thence to Deerfield, back to Hadley again, and 
finally to Lyme, Conn., and there purchased a large estate partly in Haddam. He died before 
February, 1725. He married Rebecca Church, of Hatfield, daughter of Dea. Edward Church, 
son of Richard Church, of Hartford. 

Richard Church, of Hartford, 1637, **an original proprietor," says Savage, *' whose first 
residence is unknown, removed about 1660 to Hadley." 

Colturn says : "As nearly as can now be traced he was an uncle of Col. Benjamin Church, 
who commanded the party which killed King Philip in 1676, and who was sent on an expe- 
dition against the eastern Indians of New England in 1704, and did them and the French much 
damage. He removed to Hartford with Hooker's congregation in 1636." 

His widow, Ann, died 10 March, 1684, aged 83, and in his will only four children are 
named. These were, Edward, John, Mary and Samuel, all probably born in England. 

Dea. Edward Church, son of Richard Church, of Hartford, was born in England, 1628, 
and had perhaps been some time at New Haven. He removed to Hartford and was then dea- 
con. His children were : Mary, married Philip Russell as his third wife ; Rebecca^ married 
1697, Joseph Selden ; Hepzebah, married 16 Sept. 1696, Samuel Spencer. 

Joseph Selden, by his wife Rebecca (Church) Selden, had Rebecca, born 1678 ; Esther, 1680, 



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SPENCER AND ALLIED FAMILIES. 79 

died soon ; Joseph, 1682 ; Thomas, 1684 ; Hannah, Mary, March 5, 1689 ; Esther again ; Samuel, 
born May 17, 1695. 

Samuel Selden, youngest child of Joseph and Eebecca (Church) Selden, was born May 17, 
1695. He married Deborah Dudley. They had two sons, Samuel ''the Colonel," and Ezra 
*' the Squire." 

Colonel Samuel Selden, son of Samuel and Deborah (Dudley) Selden, was born at Hadlyme, 
Jan. 11, 1723. He served in a military capacity before the Revolution, as appears by the fol- 
lowing, Conn. Colonial Records, 1774 : 

** This Assembly do appoint Samuel Selden, Esq., to be Major of the third regiment of 
militia in this Colony." 

Immediately after the breaking out of the War of the Revolution he offered his services 
to the State in response to a call from the Assembly, and was commissioned Colonel of the 
Fourth Battalion, Wadsworth's Brigade. Johnston, in his description of the Battle of Long 
Island, says : 

** Another of those citizen soldiers who came from the substantial element in the popula- 
tion was Colonel Selden. A descendant of the Seldens who were among the first settlers in the 
Connecticut Valley, fifty years of age, possessing a large estate, incapacitated for severe mili- 
tary duty, the father of twelve children, he nevertheless answered the Governor's call for 
troops and joined the army at New York, from which he was destined not to return." 

He took an active part in the Battle of Long Island, Aug. 27, 1776, and when the Ameri- 
can army retreated from New York, Sept. 15, he, with many others, was captured. Johnston, 
in describing the '* Kip's Bay" affair, says: ** During these scenes Wads\vorth's and Scott's 
brigades, which were below Douglass on the river lines, saw that their only safety lay, also, in 
immediate retreat, and falling back they joined the other brigades above, though not without 
suffering some loss." Col. Selden was confined in the prison in the east side of the City Hall 
Park, now used as the Register's Office, where he died of fever '*on Friday P. M., October 11, 
about 3 o'clock." In the latter part of his sickness he was attended by Dr. Thatcher, a British 
surgeon, who paid him every attention. He was buried in the Brick Church-yard (Presby- 
terian). He married Elizabeth Ely, daughter of Richard Ely and Elizabeth Peck, of Lyme. 
They had issue Richard Ely Selden and others. 

Richard Ely Selden, son of Col. Samuel and Elizabeth (Ely) Selden, was born at Hadlyme, 
in 1759 ; died 23 January, 1848, aged 89. He married Desire Colt, daughter of Joseph Colt and 
Desire Pratt, of Saybrook, Conn. They had seven children, of whom Richard Ely Selden, Jr., 
was the sixth. 

Richard Ely Selden (2), son of Richard Ely Selden (1) and Desire Colt, was born in Had- 
lyme, June 13, 1797. Graduated from Yale College in 1818 ; died March 3, 1868. He married 
21 Feb. 1821, Eliza Lynde (born 5 Feb. 1796), daughter of William Lynde, Esq., and Sally Kirt- 
land, his wife ; she died 23 Jan. 1866. 

Richard Lynde Selden, son of Richard Ely Selden (2) and Eliza (Lynde) Selden, was born 
in Hadlyme, Oct. 23, 1824 ; married in Higganum, Conn., 22 May, 1851, Sarah M. Loper, daugh- 



80 OUR NEW ENGLAND ANCESTORS AND THEIR DESCENDANTS, 

ter of Egtv. Stephen A. Loper and Sarah B. Meigs, his wife, of Madison, Conn. They had, 
among other children, Julianna, 

Julianna Selden, eldest child of Richard Lynde and Sarah (Loper) Selden, was born in 
Higganum, Conn., 22 Feb. 1852. She was married Feb. 22, 1877, to Richard P. Spencer. 

Richard P. Spencer, by his wife Julianna (Selden) Spencer, had issue : 

1. Richard Selden Spencer, born 15 February, 1878 ; entered Yale College 1897. 

2. Florence Elizabeth Spencer, born 29 February, 1880. 

3. George Selden Spencer, born 27 May, 1884. 

IV. Julia Minerva Spencer, fourth child of Dea. George Spencer, born Nov. 27, 1822 ; 
married Nov. 17, 1844, Dr. Ambrose Pratt, son of Ambrose and Dolly (South worth) Pratt, born 
July 11, 1814, a descendant of Lieut. William Pratt, the settler. Dr. Pratt was a graduate of 
Yale College in the class of 1837, and of Columbia Medical College, Washington, D. C, in 1843> 
in which year he commenced practice in Chester, Conn., where he continued to reside till his 
death, July 11, 1891, except about five years' residence in Milwaukee, Wis. He served in the 
Civil War as surgeon of the 22d Regiment Connecticut Volunteers, from Nov. 1862, to July, 
1863, when the enlistment of the regiment expired. [See Pratt Family.] 

Children : * 

1. Ella Starkey, born March 15, 1846 ; married Nov. 5, 1871, Charles D. Fitch. 

2. Julia Cornelia, born March 2, 1848 ; died Feb. 26, 1849. 

3. Jane Augusta, born Nov. 8, 1852 ; married June 28, 1883, George S. Spen- 
cer, of St. Cloud, Minn. 

4. Hattie, born Feb. 24, 1857. 

5. Clara Bradley, born Dec. 7, 1859. 

V. Jane Elizabeth, fifth child of Dea. George and Julia (Pratt) Spencer, born Feb. 23, 
1825 ; married Nov. 27, 1845, John W. Marvin, of Deep River, son of Deacon John Marvin, 
born at Lyme, Jan. 12, 1824. Besides having held various town offices and being a director or 

■ 

trustee in moneyed and other corporations, he was, in 1871 and 1872, a member of the popular 
branch of the Connecticut Legislature from Saybrook, and in 1886 Senator from the 2l8t Sena- 
torial District. Mr. Marvin died January 2, 1896. 

Childrea : 

1. Julia Spencer, born Nov. 4, 1848 ; died Sept. 4, 1875. 

2. George Selden, born June 3, 1851 ; married Augusta Pratt, daughter of 
Milton and Peninah (Todd) Pratt, May 22, 1879. She was born May 10, 1855. 
They have one child, Charles Arthur Marvin, born Aug. 12, 1883. 

3. Charles Reynold, born Jan. 26, 1856 ; married June 5, 1889, Harriet Aurelia 
Lord, daughter of Joseph and Alice G. (Fleetham) Lord, who was born May 23, 
1866. 

Children : 

John Kimball Lord, born June 8, 1890. 

Harry B. Lord, born Aug. 29, 1891. 



8PEN0EK AND ALLIED FAMILIES. 81 

Alice Fleetham Lord, born Dec. 17, 1893. 
Julia Augusta Lord, born Feb. 11, 1899. 
Lydia Jane Lord, born April 30, 1900. 

VI. Susan Augusta, sixth child of Dea. George and Julia (Pratt) Spencer, born Feb. 16, 
1829 ; married Rev. Charles Henry Bullard, Oct. 14, 1852 ; died Aug. 7, 1896. 

Mr. Bullard, born at Uxbridge, Mass., Feb. 13, 1820, was the son of Luther Bullard, born 
at Uxbridge, Dec. 3, 1788, and Hannah (Dudley) Bullard, born at Oxford, Mass., Nov. 19, 1794, 
who were raarried Dec. 8, 1814. He graduated at Yale College in 1847, and Yale Theological 
Seminary in 1852 ; was pastor of the Congregational church in Rockville, Conn., from 1852 to 
1857 ; removed from there to Hartford, where he resided until his death. He was successively 
District Secretary of American (Boston) Tract Society, State Missionary for Connecticut Home 
Missionary Society, and District Secretary of American (N. Y.) Tract Society, his labors in the 
last named capacity terminating in 1895. He died Oct. 15, 1897. 

Children : 

1. Clara Louise, born Oct. 15, 1853 ; died April 6, 1856. 

2. Arthur Edward, born July 16, 1856 ; died April 29, 1863. 

3. Alice, born Feb. 28, 1858 ; married Rev. Arthur Fessenden Skeel, March 
27, 18vS4, by whom she has children : Marion Spencer, born April 12, 1885 ; Eliza- 
beth Blodgett born Oct. 12, 1890 ; Katharine Anna, born July, 1896. 

4. Anna White, born June 21, 1860. 

5. Mary Agnes, born Nov. 23, 1862; died Feb. 28, 1871. 

6. Herbert Spencer, born May 19, 1865. He is a lawyer located in Hartford. 

Descendants of Caleb Spencer (2), son of Caleb (1), son of Thomas, son of Gerrard. 

fKAkb SpCtlCCf (2,) brother of Joseph and third child of Caleb (1) and Hannah ( ) 

Spencer, was born in Westbrook parish (then a part of the town of Saybrook, now the town of 
Westbrook) Dec. 8, 1724. It is quite probable that he served in the Revolutionary War, as 
" Connecticut Men in the Revolution " contains the name of Caleb Spencer, who served as 
corporal in Capt. Uriah Seymour's company. Major Sheldon's Regiment of Light Horse. 
Caleb (2) died Sept. 30, 1783. His wife was Mrs. Hannah Stokes (n6e Goodrich), widow of 
Richard Stokes (see Stokes Family, foUowmg that of D. C. Spencer, page 71). She died Dec. 
29, 1791, and was buried in Westbrook, where the inscription on her tombstone is still clear and 
distinct. (Quite an imposing monument to her memory was erected in Branford by the 
Goodrich family who were probably not aware of the fact that she was buried in Westbrook). 
The children of this marriage were Caleb (2) the eldest, who died unmarried, Timothy, born 
1772, and John, who went West with his family about 1820. 

Capt. Timothy Spencer, second child of Caleb (2) and Hannah (Stokes, nee Goodrich) Spencer 
was born in Westbrook, Conn., 1772. Like many young men of that period residing along the 
coast towns of Connecticut he was a ship carpenter and ship builder, and almost every man in 
that section of country was directly or indirectly interested in shipping and ship building. 
This environment developed a class of seafaring men — bold, intelligent, hardy — who proved an 



82 OUR NEW ENGLAND ANCESTORS AND THEIR DESCENDANTS. 

honor to our merchant marine service, second to no other nation. Capt. Timothy Spencer 
encouraged that spirit of independence and manhood in his children and laid the foundation of 
their successful career as navigators and shipping merchants. He married Polly Bushnell 
(born 1783), daughter of Jordan and Sarah (Pratt) Bushnell. Sarah Pratt, the wife of Jordan 
Bushnell, was the daughter of Timothy Pratt and Sarah Parker, son of Isaac Pratt, son of 
Ensign John Pratt, eldest son of Lieut. William Pratt, one of the chief founders of Saybrook 
and one of the most important men in the colony of Connecticut. (See Pratt Family, page ) 
Jordan Bushnell, above referred to, served in the War of the Revolution as private in Capt. 
Martin Kirtland's Company, Col. Erastus Wolcott's Regiment (soon after Brigadier General 
and later Governor of Conn.) This company w^ stationed at New London, Conn., Feb. 28, '77, 
and was made up principally of Saybrook men. 

Capt. Timothy Spencer by his wife Polly (Bushnell) Spencer had issue : 

I. Margette, born Feb. 28, 1806. 
II. Emeline, born Aug. 28, 1807. 

III. Frederick W., born Jan. 7, 1810. 

IV. Joseph Whittlesey, born June 12, 1812. 
V. Alfred Goodrich, born July 9, 1814. 

VI. Eloise, born Oct. 8, 1816. 
VII. Harriet E., born July 10, 1820. 

€«Pt 30$epb UPMnleSey Spencer, fourth child of Timothy and Polly (Bushnell) Spencer, 
was born at Westbrook, Conn., June 10th, 1812. With a natural taste for a seafaring life, he 
engaged as a boy in the coasting trade on Long Island Sound until, at the age of sixteen, he 
shipped as an ordinary seaman on the ''Athenian" and made his first deep water voyage to 
Oarthagena. Later, while on a voyage to Cuba, the captain and most of the crew being taken 
sick with yellow fever, the mate took charge of the ship and young Spencer was made second 
mate. He soon rose to the position of first mate and in 1834 was placed in command of the 
brig "Medina." 

Two years later he made his first whaling voyage as captain of the barque "General 
Brown," and managed one of the boats which captured the first whale. His share in the profits 
of this voyage enabled him to purchase an interest in the '* Crusoe." Later he built and com- 
manded the " Rose Standish," and in 1848 he built the " William Rathbone." With this vessel, 
which was nearly three times the tonnage of the former one, he entered into the Liverpool 
trade. 

Among the achievements of Captain Spencer's life, one which added greatly to his repu- 
tation among seafaring men, was the building of the "David Crockett," one of the most 
famous, as well as one of the largest and fastest of that class of clipper ships which made the 
American merchant marine famous. This remarkably successful vessel he commanded for 
four years and then gave up active service on the sea. 

His ship continued in the California trade, making an enviable record for short passages 
and financial success until the American wooden ship was displaced by the iron ships built and 



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SPENCER AND ALLIED FAMILIES. 83 

owned abroad. After this the ** David Crockett " suffered the fate of her sister ships by being 
converted into a coal barge. For many years she continued in this service, until in the latter 
part of the year 1898 she made her last port and ran aground on Romer shoal at the entrance of 
New York harbor. All through the winter she lay there in the sight of all the incoming and 
outgoing shipping, a sad monument to the memory of the American clipper ship of days 
gone by. 

Captain Spencer, having left the sea, in 1858, became manager, joint owner and adviser of 
all the shipping interests controlled by Lawrence Giles & Co., of New York City. He continued 
in this position for several years until (owing to our unfortunate navigation laws) the shipping 
interests of this country gradually fell into the hands of foreigners and ceased to be profitable 
to American ship owners. He then retired to his beautiful home in Westbrook, Conn., where 
he resided most of his time during the remainder of his life. He died May 23, 1900, at the 
ripe old age of 88. 

Capt. Spencer was one of the best known and most popular sea captains that ever sailed 
out of the port of New York. Fearless in the discharge of his duty, the very soul of honor and 
integrity, he led an upright, blameless life, and was a worthy representative of that noble band 
of American sea captains of half a century ago, who reflected honor and glory on the flag under 
which they sailed. 

Capt. Spencer married (Sept. 2, 1838,) Amelia A., daughter of John Stokes, son of Richard. 

Richard Stokes, the son of Jonathan, has already been referred to on page 71. The Eastern 
State Journal furnishes the following additional data relative to his service in the Revolution : 

** During the Revolution, while General Washington made his headquarters at White 
Plains, he selected some five or six trusty men to execute a dangerous commission. Among 
the number was a young volunteer, Richard Stokes, of Westbrook, Connecticut. His earnest- 
ness, courage and enthusiasm had won the respect of Washington, who asked him if he felt 
ready to engage in a perilous but necessary undertaking. Stokes promptly replied that he was 
ready to serve his country at all hazards. The General then gave them their instructions and 
the party started forthwith, proceeding cautiously through the woods and keeping well out of 
sight until they reached New York City. Here, favored by the darkness of a cloudy night, 
they appropriated one of the enemy's boats, and, with muffled oars, glided down the river to 
Staten Island, passing directly under the enemy's guns without being discovered. Here they 
received a large sum of money— a treasure which the close blockade of the British squardron 
had hitherto prevented from reaching its destination — a treasure sent over from France by 
those noble friends of liberty who were ever ready to aid us, even with their lives, in our 
struggles for freedom. The brave little party then returned as they had gone, and arriving 
safely, delivered the treasure to their General. Soon after this occurred the battle of White 
Plains, in which this brave youth again served his country in a manner none the less hazardous 
and honorable. Mr. Stokes enlisted at the beginning of the war and served faithfully to its 
close. Often, after the fatigue of a long march, had he and his comrades lain down in the 
woods to rest, and awoke to find a heavy sheet of snow for their coverlet. At the close of the 
war Mr. Stokes returned to his Connecticut home, where many of his descendairts now reside." 



84 OUR NEW ENGLA.ND ANCESTORS AND THEIR DESCENDANTS 

Capt. Joseph Whittlesey Spencer by his wife, Amelia (Stokes) Spencer, had issue : 

I. Joseph Timothy, born Aug. 23, 1842. (See record). 
II. James Hicks, born Sept. 16, 1845. (See record). 

III. Arabella Maria, born Jan. 24, 1848, died Oct., 1875. 

IV. Winfield Scott, born March 7, 1850. (See record). 

V. John Stokes, born Aug. 20, 1852, married Annie Abbott. 

Capt. Joseph Timothy Spencer, eldest child of Oapt. Joseph Whittlesey Spencer and his 
wife, Amelia Stokes, was born Aug. 23, 1842. At an early age he followed in the footsteps of 
his father and adopted a seafaring life. His first voyage was made in the '* David Crockett." 
At the breaking out of the Civil War he entered the transport service and was appointed cap- 
tain of the steamer ** Haze." After the close of the war he returned to the merchant service 
and became connected with the Galveston (Texas) trade, in which he continued for several 
years until his death, Oct. 20, 1870, being lost at sea by the foundering of his steamer in a 
hurricane off the Florida coast. 

He married. Jan. 12, 1870, Georgia Rossiter, of Clinton, Conn., but had no issue. 

James Hicks Spencer, second child of Captain Joseph W. and Amelia Stokes Spencer, was 
born in Westbrook, Conn., Sept. 16, 1845. He attended a select school in New Haven, Conn.,, 
where he received a thorough education in those branches best adapted to fit him for a mercan- 
tile career. He came to New York City in 1863 and entered the house of Lawrence Giles & Co., 
of which his father was a member. He remained with this firm ten years, and in 1874 started 
in business for himself as an importer principally of shell nuts from the Mediterranean. With 
a constantly increasing trade he is now one of the largest importers in this special line. 

Outside of business his interest has centered chiefly in military affairs. April 7, 1865, he 
joined the 37th Regiment as private in Company F. This was one of the city regiments organ- 
ized for special service or emergency during the war. His company was consolidated with the 
9th Regiment and Mr. Spencer was made sergeant of Company K. Afterwards he became 1st 
Lieutenant in the 4th Reg. N. G., S. N. Y., and in 1872 he was commissioned Captain of Com- 
pany A, 1st Regiment, N. G., S. N. Y., continuing in this capacity until Dec. 27, 1874, when he 
resigned. During this period he took part in all the principal affairs of his regiment. He is a 
life member of the several Masonic bodies, including that of Mecca Temple, Nobles of the Mystic 
Shrine. 

He married, July 25, 1876, Alice F. Brown, daughter of John Brown, of Albany, N. Y., and 
Mary Ferris, his wife, of Boston. Their children are Alice Estelle, born June 24, 1877 ; Joseph 
Whittlesey, born Feb. 24, 1880; Alice Gerrard, born March 20, 1885. 

Winfield Scott Spencer, fourth child of Captain Joseph Whittlesey Spencer and his wifei 
Amelia (Stokes) Spencer, was born at Westbrook, March 7, 1850. He was educated at the 
public school and after completing his studies entered the dry goods trade. He carried on 
business for himself at New Rochelle, N. Y., for about fifteen years, retiring in Oct., 1900. 
He maiTied Sarah Isabelle Parrish, of Grand Rapids, Mich., Dec. 20, 1882. 



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